Europe 2020 indicators - Bulgaria

Data extracted in June 2018.

Planned article update: September 2019.

Figure 1: Change since 2008 in relation to national targets (*)
Source: Eurostat (see dedicated web section: Europe 2020 headline indicators)
Explanations on this radar chart are available here.

This article is part of a set of statistical articles on Europe 2020 strategy, focusing on the situation in Bulgaria.

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Bulgaria reduced its non-ETS GHG emissions between 2008 and 2016, staying within its national target to limit the rise in non-ETS sector GHG emissions to 20 % by 2020. In 2016, the country surpassed its renewable energy target and almost met its target on primary energy consumption. Although Bulgaria has moved towards its national targets on early school leavers and tertiary education, it was still further away from both indicators than the EU as a whole was to the respective EU target in 2016. Bulgaria’s employment rate deteriorated sharply between 2008 and 2011; the subsequent increase up to 2017 was not enough to reach the country’s 76 % target. Despite a rise in R&D expenditure between 2008 and 2016, Bulgaria would need to double its expenditure in the coming years to reach its goal of 1.5 % of GDP. An increase in the number of people at risk of poverty after social transfers — used as a national target in the area of poverty reduction — has pushed the country further away from its poverty reduction target; in 2017 the number was 17.6 % above the national 2020 target.

Table 1: National Europe 2020 indicators: most recent data and targets
Source: Eurostat (see dedicated web section: Europe 2020 headline indicators)

Data sources

More information about the origin of the data and the calculation of indicators can be obtained via the Europe 2020 indicators dedicated website.

Under 'Main tables', click on the icons next to the indicators:

  • 'Explanatory texts (metadata)' for a detailed overview of the collection and compilation methods;
  • 'Information on the leaf' for data availability per country.

A more general overview of quality procedures can be found in Implementation of standard reference metadata for indicators - the ESMS Indicator Profile (ESMS-IP) (PDF file).


Europe 2020 is the EU’s agenda for jobs and growth for the current decade. It emphasises smart, sustainable and inclusive growth as a way to strengthen the EU economy and prepare its structure for the challenges of the next decade. As a main objective, the strategy strives to deliver high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion in the Member States, while reducing the impact on the natural environment.

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