Culture statistics - use of ICT for cultural purposes


Data extracted in April 2020.

Planned article update: August 2021.

Highlights

In 2019, 72 % of internet users in the EU used the internet to read news/magazines online and 59 % to listen to music (web radio or streaming services).

Playing or downloading games in the EU is more popular among people with a lower level of education than among those with tertiary education.

In 2019, 22 % of internet users in the EU purchased books, magazines and newspapers online.

Share among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet in the previous three months for listening to music, by sex, EU-27, 2019 (%)


This article forms part of an online publication Culture statistics. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have gained importance as a means of cultural participation and are now the most significant way of accessing culture for large parts of society across the European Union (EU). Modern internet technologies make it possible for large numbers of people to take part in online cultural activities, such as creating and downloading and sharing cultural content (listening to music, watching films, streaming live concerts, and so on).

Eurostat’s statistics on the use of ICT for cultural purposes are gathered from the annual Community survey on ICT usage in households and by individuals.

Full article


Households with internet access

New forms of online cultural participation have emerged with the development of digital technologies and the spread of the internet. In 2019, 90 % of households in the EU-27 had internet access (regardless of the type of connection); this share increased by 10 percentage points when compared with 2014 (see Figure 1). A growing share of the EU-27 population has access to the internet through mobile communication devices while they are on the move.

Among the EU Member States, internet access was almost universal in the Netherlands, covering 98 % of all households in 2019; note some people may choose not to have internet access. The share of households with access to the internet was at least 90 % in almost half of all EU-Member States and was lower than 80 % in only two Member States - Bulgaria (75 %) and Greece (79 %).

Those EU Member States that had relatively low rates of household internet access in 2014 recorded a fast expansion in connectivity rates during the most recent five-year period. Between 2014 and 2019, the share of households with access to the internet rose by more than 20 percentage points in Romania and Cyprus.

Figure 1: Households with access to the internet, 2014 and 2019
(% of all households)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_in_h)



Use of the internet for cultural purposes

Coverage of internet users for cultural purposes

The information presented throughout this article concerning the use of the internet by individuals covers the adult population within the age range of 16 to 74 years; in some analyses, a narrower age range is used to focus specifically on younger or older internet users.

It should also be noted that the data presented in the section on the use of the internet for cultural purposes (in Figures 2 and 3, Maps 1 to 4 and Tables 1 to 3) are not calculated as a percentage of the whole population (within the specified age range), but uniquely among the people who had used internet during the previous three months. Equally, the data presented in the section on the use of the internet to purchase cultural goods and services (in Figure 4 and Tables 4 and 5) are calculated only for the people who used the internet for the previous year to make purchases (i.e. not for all population).


Main patterns by cultural activity

The internet, as a medium, has been available to the public for over twenty years. During this time, it evolved from a technological novelty that shared various content with enthusiasts, through a medium for recipients looking for content existing outside the mainstream, to the centre of the mainstream content. Thanks to technology development, digital content transmitted remotely has not only reached computers, but also telephones, TV-sets, music players and even watches. Both lovers of "classic" media that provides content to the recipient in the form of copies - books, music or movies - as well as seekers and creators of new forms of cultural expression (e.g. computer game players or bloggers), successfully use modern technologies for their purposes.

Some cultural activities via internet are captured in the questionnaire of the annual ICT survey. However, not all these variables are covered every year. For 'Reading online news sites, newspapers and news magazines' and 'Listening to music (web radio, music streaming)', the last data come from 2019, while 'Watching streamed TV or videos' and 'Playing or downloading games' were included in the 2018 questionnaire.

In the EU-27 as a whole and in the majority of countries, the most popular culture-related uses of internet were ‘Reading online news sites/newspapers/news magazines’ and ‘Watching internet streamed TV or videos’. In 2019, 72 % of the EU-27 population aged 16-74 years who had used the internet in the last three months prior to the survey had read online news sites/newspapers/news magazines; according to 2018 data, 70 % of this population had watched internet-streamed TV or video (see Figure 2 and Table 1). Lower shares were recorded for ‘Listening to music over the internet' (59 %, 2019) and ‘Playing or downloading games’ (33 %, 2018).

In the majority of EU Member States, reading news online is the most popular activity, but in some countries watching TV or video is the most frequent, particularly in the Netherlands, Austria and Italy. In some countries (Greece, Hungary, Luxembourg, Portugal, Slovakia and Romania) listening to music via internet is ranked in second place among the four cultural activities carried out via internet. In Romania, the share of the population using the internet to play or download games was higher than the share of those watching streamed TV or videos.

Figure 2: Use of the internet for selected cultural activities during the previous three months, 2019
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)


Reading online news sites/newspapers/news magazines
In Czechia, Croatia and Lithuania, at least 90 % of the population (aged 16 to 74 years) who used the internet during the three months prior to the 2019 survey made use of the internet to read online news sites, newspapers and news magazines. On the other hand, this share was less than two thirds of all internet users in Bulgaria, Belgium, France, Italy and particularly in Romania (55 %) (see Map 1).

Map 1: Use of the internet for reading online news sites/newspapers/news magazines, 2019
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)


Watching internet-streamed TV channels or videos
With the development of streaming services, a growing number of films, videos, TV programmes and series can be accessed via the internet. In 2018, 70 % of EU-27 internet users (aged 16 to 74 years) watched internet-streamed TV or videos (excluding programmes or videos that are downloaded and saved for a later date). Among the EU Member States, there was a relatively wide range in the use made of the internet for this purpose: in the Netherlands and Finland, some 90 % of internet users watched streamed TV or videos, a share that was below 50 % in Bulgaria and Slovakia, and was at its lowest in Romania (26 %) (see Map 2).

Map 2: Use of the internet for watching internet streamed TV channels or videos, 2018
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)


Listening to music (web radio, music streaming)
In 2019, 59 % of EU-27 internet users (aged 16 to 74 years) listened to music via internet (downloading excluded). Sixteen Member States (no data available for Sweden) recorded a higher percentage than the EU average, with Finland at the forefront (80 %), while ten countries had below-average results – with less than 50 % in Romania and Bulgaria (see Map 3).

Map 3: Use of the internet for listening to music
(for example, web radio, music streaming), 2019
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)


Playing or downloading games
Playing and downloading games refers to playing games online or after downloading them (using a games console or a smart TV). Across the EU-27, some 33 % of internet users (aged 16 to 74 years) participated in this cultural activity during 2018. A relatively high share of internet users in the Netherlands (47 %), Denmark (43 %) and Belgium (43 %) made use of the internet for playing or downloading games, while the lowest proportions were recorded in Poland (23 %), Bulgaria (22 %) and Austria (21 %) (see Map 4).

Map 4: Use of the internet for playing or downloading games, 2018
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)



Differences in cultural activities by age group
According to the latest available data, aside from reading online news sites, newspapers and news magazines, young people (aged 16 to 24 years) in the EU-27 were more likely than average to make use of the internet for a wide range of cultural purposes (see Table 1). Around 88 % of the internet users in this age group watched streamed TV or videos (compared with 70 % of the whole target population and 51 % of internet users aged 55 to 74 years), 87 % listened to music online (compared with 59 % and 34 % respectively), while 58 % played or downloaded games (compared with 33 % and 20 % respectively).

Table 1: Use of the internet for cultural purposes, by age, 2019
(% among people who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)


In the EU-27 as a whole, the percentage of internet users reading news online was similar for young and older people (68 % for 16-24 years-old and 67 % for those aged 55-74). However, the patterns differ among countries: in 10 Member States, in particular in Spain, France, Austria and Portugal, young people read news online more than the older generations. On the other hand, in some countries people aged 55-74 did this more frequently than young people, most notably in Bulgaria, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta.

The share of young internet users who made use of the internet for watching streamed TV or videos in 2018 was greater than 90 % in more than half of the EU Member States. It peaked in Denmark, the Netherlands and Finland (all 99 %). By contrast, less than two thirds of young internet users in Bulgaria, Slovakia and Romania made use of the internet to watch streamed TV or videos. In the 55-74 age group, watching video streaming via the internet in the EU-27 was reported by 51 % of internet users, with the highest shares recorded in the Netherlands (79 %), and Finland and Sweden (both 78 %). In Bulgaria, Slovakia and Romania, these percentages were below 30 %.

In 2019, at least 95 % of the young internet users in Finland, Estonia, Malta and Denmark listened to music via the internet. In the vast majority of EU-27 countries, the percentage of young people listening to music streaming over the internet exceeded 75 %, with the exception of Bulgaria (73 %) and Romania (64 %). On the other hand, internet listeners aged 55-74 accounted for lower percentages; only in Finland, Greece, Hungary and Malta did their proportion exceed 50 %.

Young internet users were also more likely to play or download games than older people. In 2018, more than two thirds of all young internet users in Belgium, Czechia, Cyprus and Portugal played or downloaded games. This percentage fell below 50 % in four EU Member States only - Poland, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Austria. Among older internet users, 'Playing or downloading games' recorded the highest share in the Netherlands, where it reached 34 %, while in Denmark, Malta and Belgium it exceeded 25 %. This kind of activity had the lowest shares among older people in Bulgaria - only 7 % of internet users aged 55 to 74 years old in this country played or downloaded games in 2018.

Analysis by other socioeconomic characteristics

Participation in culture online can be analysed more in detail, according to the different socioeconomic characteristics of internet users, for example, by level of educational attainment, by level of household income, by degree of urbanisation or by employment status (see Table 2).

Table 2: Use of the internet for cultural purposes, by socioeconomic characteristic, EU-27, 2019
(% among people who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)


An analysis by level of educational attainment indicates that internet users with a tertiary level of educational were generally more likely to make use of the internet for cultural purposes than people who have not reached this level of education. This was most notably the case for reading online news sites, newspapers and news magazines: in 2019, 84 % of EU-27 internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment made use of the internet for this purpose compared with 57 % among internet users with at most a lower secondary level of educational attainment. Of the four cultural activities shown in Table 2, one was an exception: a higher share of internet users with at most a lower secondary level of educational attainment (40 %) made use of the internet in 2018 for playing or downloading games, compared with either of the other educational levels shown (33 % for internet users with an upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary level and 29 % for internet users with a tertiary level).

A similar pattern was observed when analysing the use made of the internet for cultural purposes according to household income. EU-27 internet users in the fourth income quartile made greater use of the internet than internet users with lower incomes when reading the news, streaming TV or videos, or listening to music. By contrast, the share of internet users playing or downloading games was relatively similar across all four income quartiles.

Internet users living in cities were more inclined to make use of the internet for cultural purposes than internet users living in towns and suburbs or rural areas. This pattern held for all four cultural activities presented in Table 2.

As already seen above, young people were generally more likely (than older people) to make use of the internet for cultural. As such, it is not surprising to find that a relatively high share of student internet users in the EU-27 made use of the internet to watch streamed TV or videos (90 %), to listen to music (88 %) or to play or download games (58 %).

The share of unemployed internet users who made use of the internet to play or download games was higher (at 35 %) than the average recorded for all internet users (33 %).

Men were more likely than women to make use of the internet for cultural purposes

Men were more likely than women to make use of the internet for cultural purposes: this pattern was confirmed for all four cultural purposes that are presented in Table 3.

Table 3: Use of the internet for cultural purposes, by sex, 2019
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)


Across the EU-27, for ‘Watching internet streamed TV or videos’ and ‘Playing or downloading games’ activities, the proportion of men aged 16 to 74 years using the internet for this purpose was 6 percentage points higher than that recorded for women and for ‘Listening to music’ the difference was 5 percentage points. The smallest difference between the sexes was recorded for ‘Reading online news sites, newspapers and news magazines’, where the share for men was 4 percentage points higher than that for women.

In 2019, the share of female internet users who used the internet for reading online news, newspapers and new magazines was slightly higher than the share for men in Bulgaria, Croatia and Finland, while in Czechia, Ireland, Greece and Lithuania these shares were equal; all of the remaining EU Member States recorded a higher share of male internet users reading online news. The share of male internet users watching streamed TV or videos and listening to music was systematically (in all EU Member States) higher than the corresponding share for female internet users. The largest gender gaps in favour of men were usually recorded for playing or downloading games, as nine Member States recorded differences between the sexes that were of at least 10 percentage points, with the biggest gap observed in Czechia (16 percentage points).

Playing or downloading games was more popular among people with a lower level of education

Figure 3 shows data on the use of the internet for cultural purposes by educational attainment.

Figure 3: Use of the internet for cultural purposes, by level of educational attainment, 2019
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet in the previous three months)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ci_ac_i)


There was a clear relationship between educational attainment and use of the internet for reading online news, newspapers and news magazines. While 84 % of EU-27 internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment used the internet in 2019 to read online news, this figure was 57 % among internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment. In 12 of the 27 EU Member States, at least 90 % of internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment made use of the internet to read online news; the highest share was recorded in Czechia ( 96 %). By contrast, there were four Member States where the share of internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment who made use of the internet to read online news was below 50 %; the lowest share was recorded in Romania (34 %). The share of internet users making use of the internet to read online news was systematically higher for people with a tertiary level of educational attainment than it was for people with no more than a lower secondary level of education. The biggest gaps between these two shares were recorded in Bulgaria (44 percentage points) and Romania (42 percentage points). At the other end of the range, Estonia (6 percentage points) was the only Member State to record gaps in single-digits.

There was a slightly different picture concerning the share of internet users making use of the internet to watch streamed TV and videos: 78 % of EU-27 internet users with a higher level of educational attainment used the internet to watch streamed TV and videos in 2018, compared with 66 % for those who had no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment. This pattern was repeated for the majority of EU Member States, although internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment in the Baltic Member States, Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia were more likely (than people with a tertiary level of educational attainment) to use the internet for watching streamed TV or videos. In five of the 27 Member States, at least 90 % of internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment made use of the internet to watch streamed TV or videos; the highest shares were recorded in the Netherlands (96 %) and Finland (94 %). By contrast, there were four Member States where the share of internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment who made use of the internet to watch streamed TV or videos was below 50 %; the lowest shares were recorded in Luxembourg (43 %) and Romania (19 %).

In 2019, more than half of all EU-27 internet users made use of the internet to listen to music (for example, web radio or music streaming services). Two-thirds (67 %) of internet users with a higher level of educational attainment listened to online music, compared with 57 % of all internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment. In eight Member States, the share of internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment that listened to music online was higher than the corresponding share among internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment - this was most notably the case in Estonia, Bulgaria and Czechia where the difference in favour of internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment was within the range of 10-15 percentage points. The highest shares of internet users listening to music online among people with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment were recorded in Estonia (85 %), Hungary and Finland (both 80 %); by contrast, the highest shares among internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment were recorded in Malta (83 %), Finland (82 %) and Denmark (80 %).

The final part of Figure 3 shows that internet users were generally less likely to use the internet for playing or downloading games than for other cultural purposes. In 2018, two fifths (20 %) of EU-27 internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment played or downloaded games, compared with 29 % of internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment. More than half of all internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment played or downloaded games in Denmark (51 %), Germany (53 %), Lithuania (56 %), Hungary (57 %) and Czechia (60 %). By contrast, the highest share of internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment playing or downloading games was 43 % in the Netherlands. There were only two EU Member States where the share of internet users playing or downloading games was higher among people with a tertiary level of educational attainment (than it was for people with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment): Portugal and Ireland (which had the largest difference, at 7 percentage points). The share of internet users with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment who played or downloaded games was at least 30 percentage points higher (than for internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment) in Poland, Lithuania and most notably Czechia (where this gap peaked at 40 percentage points).


Use of the internet to purchase cultural goods and services

Use of the internet for purchasing cultural goods and services
An alternative means of analysing cultural participation through ICTs is by studying the share of people who make use of the internet to purchase cultural goods and services, including:

  • films and music (physical and digital formats, as well as via streaming);
  • books, magazines and newspapers (paper and digital formats, as well as online subscriptions);
  • tickets for cultural and sporting events.

The data presented below shows the proportion of internet users aged 16 to 74 years who made purchases of cultural goods and services during the year prior to the survey.

In 2019, less than one fifth (17 %) of EU-27 internet users made an online purchase of films or music, a share that reached 22 % for online purchases of books, magazines and newspapers, and 26 % for online purchases of tickets for cultural or sporting events (please note that it is not possible in the survey to make the distinction between these two types of tickets) — see Figure 4 and Table 4.

Figure 4: Use of the internet for purchasing cultural goods and services during the previous year, 2019
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet within the previous year)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ec_ibuy)


Table 4 shows the development of the share of internet users making online purchases of cultural goods and services between 2014 and 2019. There was an increase in the share of people in the EU-27 making online purchases of any goods and services (in other words, not just cultural goods and services), up from 59 % of internet users in 2014 to 68 % by 2019. A similar pattern was repeated in relation to online purchases of tickets for events, where the share of internet users making such purchases rose from 22 % to 26 %. In the same period, the proportion of internet users rose slightly both for purchasing books, magazines and newspapers online (from 21 % to 22 %) and for buying online films and music (from 14 % to 17 %). Streaming and file sharing services as well as subscription models that allow cultural content to be consumed free of charge (as long as users accept to also receive advertising), may be one explanation for this small increase.

Table 4: Use of the internet for purchasing cultural goods and services, 2014 and 2019
(% among people aged 16-74 years who used the internet within the previous year)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ec_ibuy)


An analysis of online purchases of cultural goods and services by EU Member State reveals that the share of internet users making such purchases in 2019 was particularly high in Sweden, Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands (irrespective of the types of cultural goods and services that were being bought online). By contrast, fewer than 10 % of internet users in Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Romania made online purchases in each of the three categories analysed - films or music, books, magazines and newspapers, and tickets for cultural events.

As noted above, EU-27 internet users were particularly inclined to use the internet for making online purchases of tickets for events (when compared with their propensity to make other types of cultural purchases): more than one quarter (26 %) did so in 2019. A majority of internet users in Denmark (60 %), the Netherlands (54 %) and Sweden (52 %) purchased tickets for events online, while this share was less than 10 % in Cyprus, Croatia, Romania and Bulgaria. Between 2014 and 2019, the share of internet users making online purchases of tickets for events increased in 20 of the EU Member States, remained unchanged in three, and fell in France, Luxembourg, Slovenia and Sweden.

A similar analysis for books, magazines and newspapers reveals that in 2019 at least one third of all internet users in Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden made online purchases of these goods. The largest increase of internet users buying online books, magazines and newspapers was recorded in Czechia, Denmark and Estonia (11 percentage points, note a break in series for Czechia). On the other hand, the percentages fell in 11 Member States (the most in Luxembourg - 16 percentage points).

In 2019, almost half of all internet users in Sweden (48 %) made online purchases of films and/or music; the next highest shares were recorded in Denmark (41 %) and Germany (36 %), while none of the remaining EU Member States recorded a share that was over 30 %. The proportion of internet users buying films and/or music over the internet was less than 10 % in a half of the Member States, with the lowest shares recorded in Slovenia (3 %), Romania and Croatia (2 %) and Bulgaria (1 %). Between 2014 and 2019, the proportion of internet users making online purchases of films and music rose significantly in Sweden, Denmark and Estonia, while there were smaller increases in 13 additional Member States. There were no changes recorded in two Member States and there was a reduction in nine Member States, most notably in Luxembourg.

Socioeconomic characteristics of internet users purchasing cultural goods and services

Purchases of cultural goods and services can be analysed according to the socioeconomic characteristics of internet users (see Table 5).

Table 5: Use of the internet for purchasing cultural goods and services, by socioeconomic characteristic, EU-27, 2014 and 2019
(% among people who used internet within the previous year)
Source: Eurostat (isoc_ec_ibuy)


In 2019, EU-27 internet users aged 25 to 54 years were more likely (than people in other age groups) to make online purchases of books, magazines, newspapers (24 %) and tickets for events (30 %), although the share of those who purchased films and/or music online (19 %) was four percentage points lower than the corresponding share recorded among people aged 16 to 24 years (23 %).

Between 2014 and 2019, the share of young EU-27 internet users (aged 16 to 24 years) who made online purchases of tickets for events and films and music rose by 7 percentage points. There was also a slight increase in the proportion of young people buying books, magazines and newspapers online (3 percentage points). Among Internet users from other age ranges, there was no sharp increase in online purchasing of cultural goods between 2014 and 2019. In the group of older internet users (aged 55 to 74 years), the percentage of people who purchased films or music online (7 %) has not changed in five years, and that of people purchasing books, magazines and newspapers has dropped by 2 percentage points (from 19 % to 17 %).

In 2019, female internet users in the EU-27 were more likely (than male internet users) to make online purchases of books, magazines and newspapers (23 % compared with 20 %). The interest in purchasing tickets for events remained at the same level for men and women (26 %). Men more often bought films and music online (19 % compared with 14 %). Comparing the data from 2014 and 2019, there wasn’t a significant change in the gender gaps in purchasing analysed cultural goods.

While there were relatively small differences in terms of the share of people making internet purchases of cultural goods and services when analysed by sex, there was a starker contrast when the results by level of educational attainment were analysed. In 2019, the share of EU-27 internet users with a tertiary level of educational attainment that made online purchases of tickets for events or books, magazines or newspapers was approximately three times as high as the share recorded among people with no more than a lower secondary level of educational attainment and it was twice as high as that concerning online purchases of films and/or music. Between 2014 and 2019, the most visible increase was noticed for the percentage of people with tertiary educational attainment buying online tickets for events (from 35 % to 41 %).

Household income has a considerable impact on the propensity of people to make online purchases of cultural goods and services. In 2019, EU-27 internet users in the fourth income quartile were more than twice as likely as internet users in the first quartile to make online purchases of tickets for events, and were also more likely to make online purchases of books, magazines and newspapers, films and/or music. Between 2014 and 2019, for all income categories, the percentage of people buying online tickets for events increased the most.

In 2019, EU-27 internet users living in cities were more likely than internet users living in rural areas to make online purchases for all three types of cultural goods and services shown in Table 5. The biggest difference was recorded for online purchases of tickets for events — 31 % of internet users living in cities made such purchases, compared with 20 % among those living in rural areas. In the period 2014-2019, the gaps between people living in different areas remained similar for all categories of analysed goods and services.

As may be expected, employed people and students made more online purchases of cultural goods and services than unemployed people or those who were otherwise economically inactive. Between 2014 and 2019, these gaps did not changed significantly. The most noticeable increase concerned students for the purchase of tickets for events and film and music.


Data sources

All of the data in this article are derived from the Community survey on ICT usage in households and by individuals. The survey is conducted on a yearly basis from 2002 onwards. An institutional mandate was set by Regulation (EC) No 808/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 concerning Community statistics on the information society. This Regulation aims to establish a common framework for the systematic production of Community statistics on the information society. Annual implementing regulations allow for some flexibility in the content of the surveys.

The aim of the ICT survey is to provide relevant statistics on areas such as: access to and use of ICTs, use of the internet, ICT security and trust, ICT competences and skills. The data are available according to numerous breakdown variables including by age, by sex, and by level of educational attainment. The target population covers persons aged 16 to 74 years living in private households.


Context

Culture is one of Europe’s greatest assets: it is a source of values, identity and a sense of belonging; it also contributes towards well-being, social cohesion and inclusion. The cultural and creative sectors may also provide a stimulus for economic growth, job creation and international trade.

That is why culture is becoming increasingly important within the EU. In accordance with Article 167 of the Lisbon Treaty, the EU shall contribute to the flowering of the cultures of the Member States, while respecting their national and regional diversity and at the same time bringing the common heritage to the fore.

The EU supports these objectives through the Creative Europe programme, as well as a number of policy actions set out in the Work Plan for Culture (2015-2018) and the Work Plan for Culture (2019-2022). The latter, adopted by EU culture ministers in November 2018, sets out the main priorities for European cooperation in cultural policymaking: sustainability in cultural heritage; cohesion and well-being; an ecosystem supporting artists, cultural and creative professionals and European content; gender equality; and international cultural relations.

The production of reliable, comparable and up-to-date cultural statistics, which provide a basis for sound cultural policymaking, is a cross-sectorial priority in the latest work plan. Eurostat compiles culture statistics from several different data collections to provide policymakers and other users with information on the main developments in the field of culture, covering issues such as education, employment, business, international trade, expenditure, participation and consumption patterns.

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Use of ICT for cultural purposes (cult_pcs_ict)
Individuals - internet activities (isoc_ci_ac_i)
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