Nomenclature for the analysis and comparison of scientific programmes and budgets (2007)

Code:  03
Description:  Exploration and exploitation of space
Explanatory notes:  This chapter includes all R&D related to civil space.

This chapter also includes R&D related to:
- Scientific exploration of space;
- Applied research programmes;
- Launch systems;
- Space Laboratories and space travel.

This chapter does not include corresponding R&D in the defence field (included in Chapter 14).

It should be noticed that civil space R&D is not, in general, concerned with particular objectives, it frequently has a specific goal, such as the increase of general knowledge (e.g. astronomy), or relates to particular applications (e.g. telecommunications satellites).