Exploration and exploitation of the earth
This chapter includes research and experimental development (R&D) related to:|
- The exploration of the earth's crust and mantle, seas, oceans and atmosphere, and their exploitation;
- Climatic and meteorological research, polar exploration (under various headings, as appropriate) and hydrology.
This chapter also includes R&D related to:
- Mineral, oil and natural gas prospecting;
- Exploration and exploitation of the sea-bed;
- Earth's crust and mantle excluding sea-bed;
- Sea and oceans;
This chapter does not include R&D related to:
- Pollution (included in Chapter 2);
- Soil improvement (included in Chapter 4);
- Land-use and fishing (included in Chapter 8).