Women's Day 2016

Themes in the spotlight

International Women's Day    

Below you will find some interesting facts & figures from Eurostat on the
situation of women in the EU28 and the Member States.


…that in Latvia there are 118 women per 100 men, the highest ratio in the EU, while there are slightly fewer women than men in Luxembourg (99.8 women per 100 men)?

…that in the EU, 27% of women aged 18-74 have completed tertiary education, compared with 25% of men. The share of women exceeds that of men in all Member States except Germany (where the difference between men (27.9%) and women (20.3%) is the highest), Luxembourg, Austria, the Netherlands and Greece.

… that within the EU, women in Spain have the highest life expectancy at birth (86.2 years) and women in Bulgaria (78.0 years) the lowest?

… that female employment in the EU has grown by more than 4 percentage points over the last 10 years (from 59.2% to 63.4%), and that in 2014 it was the highest in Sweden (77.6%) and the lowest in Greece (44.3%)?

… that the share of women having a part-time job in the Netherlands (75.2%) was more than twenty-five times higher than in Bulgaria (2.7%)?

…that the average number of hours worked for full-time employed in the EU is higher for men (42.4 hours) than for women (40.0 hours)? The average number of hours of work for women is highest in Greece (41.9 hours) and lowest in Denmark and Ireland (both 37.7 hours).

…that in the EU, the gender pay gap, meaning the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of male and female paid employees as a percentage of the value for male employees, is the largest in Estonia (28.3%) and the smallest in Slovenia (2.9%) and Malta (4.5%)?


Infographic: Women in the EU-28

Infographic: Women in the EU-28. A statistical portrait

Click on the image to download the infographic in PDF


Focus on gender pay gap statistics

The bar chart* below shows the Gender pay gap, i.e. the difference between the average gross hourly earnings of male and female paid employees as a percentage of average gross hourly earnings of male paid employees.

* In order to sort the values in ascending order, please tick the box "sort values"; in order to sort the bars alphabetically by Member States, please untick the box "sort values". An explanation of the country codes in the bar chart can be found here.

Source: Eurostat, Gender pay gap in unadjusted form in % (earn_gr_gpgr2)


Further information & statistics

Other facts can be found in the Eurostat news release published on the occasion of the International Women's Day 2016.

    You might also be interested in the following Statistics Explained articles:

Further reading:


Contact & feedback

If you have any comments or would like to give us your feedback on this infographic, please contact us via estat-web-content@ec.europa.eu.

If you have questions on Eurostat statistics, please contact our support team. Contact details can be found here.