The energy dependency of the European Union (EU) stood in 2015 at 54.1%, meaning that the EU needed to import slightly over half of the energy it consumed.
Energy dependency in the EU was higher in 2015 than in 1990, but still slightly lower than its highest point recorded in 2008. The evolution of EU energy dependency has not been constant between 1990 and 2015. However, it has continuously stood above 50% since 2004.
Estonia, Denmark and Romania least dependent on energy imports
In 2015, the least energy dependent Member States were Estonia (7.4%), Denmark (13.1%) and Romania (17.1%) followed by Poland (29.3%), Sweden (30.1%) and the Czech Republic (31.9%). At the opposite end of the scale, the highest energy dependence rates were registered in Cyprus (97.7%), Malta (97.3%), Luxembourg (95.9%), Ireland (88.7%) and Belgium (84.3%).
Among the five Member States consuming the largest amounts of energy, the least dependent on energy imports were the United Kingdom (37.4%) and France (46.0%), in contrast to Germany (61.9%), Spain (73.3%) and Italy (77.1%).
For more information:
Eurostat website section on energy statistics.
Eurostat database on energy.