null Excess mortality down to 8% in January


© Andrii Yalanskyi /

After the fourth wave of excess mortality in the autumn of 2021, when excess mortality in the EU reached a new peak of +26% in November and +23% in December, 2022 started with a clear decrease. In January 2022, the EU excess mortality rate fell to 8%.

Compared with December 2021, excess mortality decreased in all Member States with available data, although the situation continued to vary. Cyprus (+26%), Greece (+25%), Bulgaria (+24%) and Poland (+23%) continued to show rates above 20%, while Portugal (-5%), Ireland (-4%), Belgium and the Netherlands (both -1%) registered mortality below the baseline.

The EU registered previous peaks in excessive deaths in April 2020 (+25%), November 2020 (+40%) and April 2021 (21%). 

This information comes from data on excess mortality published by Eurostat today, based on a weekly deaths data collection. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained articles on excess mortality and weekly deaths.

GIF: Excess mortality, September 2020 - January 2022

Source data: demo_mexrt

How did the situation evolve in your country?
Although excess mortality was observed during most of the past two years across Europe, the peaks and intensity of outbreaks varied greatly across countries. For further analysis, you can read the Statistics Explained article on excess mortality and use the interactive tool by selecting the country you would like to analyse. 

For more information:

  • Eurostat Statistics Explained article on excess mortality
  • Eurostat Statistics Explained article on weekly deaths
  • Eurostat dedicated page on population & demography
  • Excess mortality refers to the number of deaths from all causes measured during a crisis, above what could be observed in ‘normal’ conditions. The excess mortality indicator draws attention to the magnitude of the health crisis by providing a comprehensive comparison of additional deaths amongst the European countries and allows for further analysis of its causes.
  • Please note that while a substantial increase in excess mortality largely coincides with the COVID-19 outbreak, this indicator does not discriminate among the causes of death and does not catch differences across sex or age classes.

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