Back Household expenditure takes 8% hit in 2020


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In 2020, household consumption expenditure in the EU decreased by an unprecedented  8% in 2020 compared with 2019. This is the largest annual reduction recorded since it has been measured and it is due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Social distancing measures, government restrictions imposed on the movement of people and non-essential economic activities severely affected household consumption expenditure. 

The largest decreases in household consumption expenditure were observed for ‘Restaurants and hotels’ (-38% compared with 2019), ‘Clothing and footwear, ’Transport’ and ‘Recreation and culture’ (all -17%). On the other hand, the largest increases were recorded for ‘Food and non-alcoholic beverages’ (+3%) and ‘Communications’ (+2%). 

This information comes from data published by Eurostat today. The article presents a handful of findings from the more detailed Statistics Explained article.


Bar graph:Household expenditure by consumption purpose in the EU, 2020 vs. 2019, % change

Source dataset: nama_10_co3_p3


In 2020, over a quarter (26%) of household consumption expenditure was devoted to ‘Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels’, making it the EU's largest household expenditure item, ahead of ‘Food and non-alcoholic beverages’ (15%) and ‘Transport’ (12%). 


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