Factors influencing the risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU in 2020 included:
- work intensity: 71.9% of the population aged less than 60 years living in very low work intensity households with dependent children were at risk of poverty;
- level of education: 50.5% of children whose parents’ level of education was low were at risk of poverty compared with 7.7% of children whose parents’ level of education was high;
- type of household: households composed of a single person with dependent children (42.1%), single-person households (33.2%) and households composed of two adults with three or more dependent children (29.6 %) had the highest risk of poverty or social exclusion;
- migrant background: children with at least one parent with a migrant background were at a greater risk of poverty than children whose parents were both native-born (32.9% compared with 15.3%);
- living conditions: 14.1% of households composed of a single person with dependent children were severely materially and socially deprived compared with 7.5% of all households with dependent children.
Children most at risk in Romania, least in Slovenia and Czechia
Among the EU countries, Romania recorded the highest rate of children at risk of poverty or social exclusion (41.5%) in 2020, followed by Bulgaria (36.2%), Spain (31.8%) and Greece (31.5%).
In contrast, Slovenia (12.1%) and Czechia (12.9%) had the lowest rates, ahead of Denmark (13.5%) and Finland (14.5%).
Source dataset: ilc_peps01n
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For more information:
- France, Netherlands, Poland and Slovakia: provisional data. Ireland and Italy: data not available. As a result, the EU value has been estimated.
- Eurostat Statistics Explained article children at risk of poverty and social exclusion
- Eurostat Statistics Explained article on EU statistics on income and living conditions (EU-SILC) methodology - people at risk of poverty or social exclusion
- Eurostat database on income and living conditions
- Eurostat dedicated section on income, social inclusion and living conditions
- An infographic is also available on the Eurostat website.
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