Overall, in the EU, general government expenditure on defence as a percentage of GDP slightly decreased since the beginning of the time series in 2001 (1.4%).
Highest ratio of government expenditure on defence to GDP in Latvia, lowest in Ireland
In 2018, the ratio of government expenditure on defence to GDP varied across EU Member States from 0.3% in Ireland, 0.5% in both Luxembourg and Malta and 0.6% in Austria to 2.0% in both Estonia and Greece and 2.1% in Latvia.
Source dataset: gov_10a_exp
- The European Union (EU) includes 27 EU Member States. The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Further information is published here.
- 2018 data for Spain, France, Croatia and Slovakia are labelled provisional. 2018 data for Portugal are labelled estimated. Further methodological information is available in the Statistics Explained
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