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Temporary employment: 14.1% of employees

24/05/2019

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In 2018, temporary employees aged 15-64 accounted for 14.1% of the total number of employees in this age group in the European Union (EU). The share has fluctuated around 14% in recent years reaching a high of 14.3% in 2017, the highest level since 2007.

Among the EU Member States, more than 1 in 4 employees were in temporary employment in Spain (26.9%). The share of temporary employment was slightly lower in Poland (24.3%), Portugal (22.0%) and the Netherlands (21.2%). The EU Member States with less than 5% of their employees in temporary employment in 2018 were Romania (1.1%), Lithuania (1.6%), Latvia (2.7%), Estonia (3.5%) and Bulgaria (4.0%).

Bar chart showing temporary employees as a share of total employees aged 15-64, 2018

In the EU as a whole, the proportion of employees in temporary employment was higher among younger employees. For those aged 15 to 24 the share was 43.3%, compared with 12.1% for those aged 25 to 54 and 6.6% for those aged 55 to 64.

The proportion of female employees aged 15 to 64 in temporary employment in the EU in 2018 was 14.7%, compared to 13.6% for men.

The source data are accessible here.

 

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