In 2018, the United States was the largest partner for EU exports of goods (21 % of total extra-EU exports) and second largest for EU imports of goods (14 % of total extra-EU imports), after China (20 %).
Looking at the period 2008 to 2018, the EU had a trade in goods surplus (meaning larger exports than imports) with the United States. This trade surplus has fluctuated slightly, but has increased overall during the period and reached € 139 billion in 2018.
The source dataset is accessible here.
For both EU exports and imports of goods with the United States, 'machinery and vehicles', 'chemicals' and 'other manufactured goods' dominate. Together these manufactured goods accounted for 89 % of EU exports of goods to the United States and 80 % of EU imports of goods from the United States.
Among the Member States, the United Kingdom was the largest importer of goods (€ 55 billion) from the United States and Germany was the largest exporter of goods (€ 114 billion) to the United States in 2018.
For further information:
- Statistics Explained article USA-EU international trade in goods statistics
- Overview of statistics on international trade in goods
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