This project aims to develop and collect novel science and technology indicators with extensive European coverage. These indicators will be used in empirical models that can contribute to improve European, national and regional policies on the following four topics:
- Economic use of patents, i.e. unused patents and strategic patents, licensing, entrepreneurship;
- Knowledge flows in the invention process, i.e. science-technology linkages, geographical proximity and knowledge interactions;
- Gender, education and mobility of inventors;
- Value of patents.
The project will carry out the following three sets of activities aimed at the creation of new indicators.
First, we will carry out a new survey data collection, PatVal-EU II, which will build on the previous PatVal-EU I survey of inventors. The new survey will interview inventors of about 30,000 EPO patents in 20 European countries and will ask questions about the inventors, the invention process, the motivations to patent, the use and the value of the patent, the links between science and patented inventions. This will be a major activity of this project.
Second, the project will develop indicators on science–technology links based on patent citations to science by European region, over time, across industries, by firms and by firms to universities and public research institutions. These indicators will be validated through the results of the PatVal-EU II survey.
Third, we will build complementary indicators at the level of patents (citations, oppositions, etc.), individual inventors, companies, regions, sectors. that will be integrated with the PatVal-EU II survey data and that can also be used independently for the population of patents across countries and years.
The resulting integrated datasets will allow taking into account simultaneously in empirical models a mix of key factors that may have important impacts on policies.