Gender employment gap (sdg_05_30)

ESMS Indicator Profile (ESMS-IP)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Relevance
4. Statistical Indicator
5. Frequency and Timeliness of dissemination
6. Coverage and comparability
7. Accessibility and clarity
8. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
Eurostat Quality Profile
4.5. Source data


5.1. Frequency of dissemination Every year
5.2. Timeliness T+1 year
6.1. Reference area All EU MS
6.2. Comparability - geographical All EU MS
6.3. Coverage - Time > 10 years
6.4. Comparability - over time > 4 data points

Description of Eurostat quality grading system under the following link.

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

e-mail contact :

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 06/11/2017
2.2. Metadata last posted 15/06/2020
2.3. Metadata last update 09/03/2020

3. Relevance Top

The indicator is part of the EU Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) indicator set. It is used to monitor progress towards SDG 5 on gender equality.

In order to promote women’s social and economic empowerment, SDG 5 calls for, among other things, recognition and value of unpaid care and domestic work, equal rights and access to economic and natural resources, technology, basic and financial services and property.

Indicator is also included as main indicator in the Social Scoreboard for the European Pillar of Social Rights.

Increasing female labour market participation and the equal economic independence of women and men is one of the priorities of the Strategic Engagement for Gender Equality. This strategy sets the framework for the EU's future work towards gender equality. The other priorities are reducing the gender pay, earnings and pension gaps and thus fighting poverty among women, promoting equality between women and men in decision-making, combating gender-based violence and protecting and supporting victims, and promoting gender equality and women’s rights across the world.

4. Statistical Indicator Top
4.1. Data description

The indicator measures the difference between the employment rates of men and women aged 20 to 64. The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons aged 20 to 64 in employment by the total population of the same age group. The indicator is based on the EU Labour Force Survey.

4.2. Unit of measure

Percentage points.

4.3. Reference Period

Calendar year.

4.4. Accuracy - overall

The indicator is produced according to the high-level quality standards of European Statistics. Details on accuracy can be found in the metadata of the source datasets (see link to related metadata).

4.5. Source data


Data source: ESS Labour Force Survey (LFS)

Data provider: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, based on data reported by the countries.

5. Frequency and Timeliness of dissemination Top
5.1. Frequency of dissemination

Every year

The indicator is updated annually in April.

5.2. Timeliness

T+1 year

New data points are disseminated within one year after the reference year.

6. Coverage and comparability Top
6.1. Reference area


Data are presented for all EU Member States plus the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey. Since 2003, data for France include also the French overseas departments (Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane, La Réunion), with the exception of Mayotte.

6.2. Comparability - geographical


Data are comparable between all EU Member States respectively other presented countries.

6.3. Coverage - Time

> 10 years

Presented times series (including EU aggregates) starts in 2001.

6.4. Comparability - over time

> 4 data points

Length of comparable time series without methodological break is more than 4 data points.

7. Accessibility and clarity Top
7.1. Dissemination format - Publications

Analysis of indicator is presented in Eurostat's annual monitoring report on Sustainable development in the EU (progress towards SDGs in the EU context).

7.2. Dissemination format - online database

See table  sdg_05_30

7.3. Dissemination format - other

Eurostat dedicated section on SDGs:

8. Comment Top

Copyrights: Eurostat Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable.

Related metadata Top
lfsi_esms - LFS main indicators

Annexes Top