Gross nutrient balance on agricultural land by nutrient (sdg_02_50)

ESMS Indicator Profile (ESMS-IP)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Relevance
4. Statistical Indicator
5. Frequency and Timeliness of dissemination
6. Coverage and comparability
7. Accessibility and clarity
8. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
Eurostat Quality Profile
4.5. Source data

ESS

5.1. Frequency of dissemination Every year
5.2. Timeliness > T+2 years
6.1. Reference area All EU MS
6.2. Comparability - geographical < 75% EU MS
6.3. Coverage - Time > 10 years
6.4. Comparability - over time > 4 data points

Description of Eurostat quality grading system under the following link.



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

e-mail contact : ESTAT-SDI-EU2020-INDICATORS@ec.europa.eu


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 03/05/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 01/02/2020
2.3. Metadata last update 01/02/2020


3. Relevance Top

The indicator is part of the EU Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) indicator set. It is used to monitor progress towards SDG 2 on ending hunger and malnutrition.

SDG 2 - among other things - aims to ensure access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food. Sustainable and resilient food production systems are a key factor in achieving this goal. A lack of nitrogen or phosphorous may lead to degradation in soil fertility, while an excess may cause surface and groundwater (including drinking water) pollution and eutrophication. Manure and fertiliser introduce nitrogen and phosphorous to the soil while harvesting of crops, removal of residues and runoff remove nitrogen and phosphorous from the soil.

The EU Member States can and have established Nutrient Management Plans (NMPs) to meet requirements under the Water Framework Directive and Nitrates Directive for nutrient and nitrate standards. These plans are aimed to help farmers, water managers and other responsible parties to improve their nutrient management. Furthermore, Rural Development Programmes 2014-2020 finance actions to better address and manage nutrient uses in agriculture, many of which make reference to NMPs. The adoption of NMPs has been instrumental in nitrogen reductions since the mid-1980s.  

Nutrient balance surpluses are also monitored for the purposes of the Water Framework Directive and nitrogen balance for the Nitrates Directive.


4. Statistical Indicator Top
4.1. Data description

The indicator measures the potential surplus or deficit of nitrogen and phosphorous in agricultural soils. A lack of nitrogen or phosphorous may lead to degradation in soil fertility, while an excess may cause surface and groundwater (including drinking water) pollution and eutrophication. Ideally, the input/output of nutrition to the soil should be balanced.

Nutrient inputs consist of the amount of nitrogen/phosphorus applied via mineral fertilizers and animal manure as well as nitrogen fixation by legumes, deposition from the air, and some other minor sources. Nitrogen/phosphorus output is contained in the harvested crops, or grass and crops eaten by livestock (escape of nitrogen to the atmosphere, e.g. as N2O, is not taken into account for calculation of the indicator).

The land types included in Utilised Agricultural Area (UAA) are arable land, permanent crops and permanent grassland.

4.2. Unit of measure

kg per hectare UAA

4.3. Reference Period

Calendar year

4.4. Accuracy - overall

The indicator is produced according to the high-level quality standards of European Statistics. Details on accuracy can be found in the metadata of the source datasets (see link to related metadata).

4.5. Source data

ESS

Data source: European Statistical System (ESS)

Data provider: Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), based on data reported by the countries.


5. Frequency and Timeliness of dissemination Top
5.1. Frequency of dissemination

Every year

Indicator is updated every two years with annual data requested by gentlemen´s agreement.

5.2. Timeliness

> T+2 years

New data points are disseminated within 3 years after the reference year.


6. Coverage and comparability Top
6.1. Reference area

All EU MS

Data are presented for all EU Member States plus the United Kingdom, Norway and Switzerland

6.2. Comparability - geographical

< 75% EU MS

Geographical comparability is limited due to the different methodologies applied to calculate coefficients and differences in data sources used.

6.3. Coverage - Time

> 10 years

Presented time series (including EU aggregates) starts in 2004.

6.4. Comparability - over time

> 4 data points

Length of comparable time series without methodological breaks is longer than 4 data points.

There is good comparability within countries over time.


7. Accessibility and clarity Top
7.1. Dissemination format - Publications

Analysis of indicator is presented in Eurostat's annual monitoring report on Sustainable development in the EU (progress towards SDGs in the EU context).

7.2. Dissemination format - online database

See table  sdg_02_50

7.3. Dissemination format - other

Eurostat dedicated section on SDGs: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/sdi/overview


8. Comment Top

Copyrights: Eurostat Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable.


Related metadata Top
aei_pr_gnb_esms - Gross nutrient balance


Annexes Top