Supply, use and Input-output tables (naio_10)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

C2: National and regional accounts production. Balance of payments

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 14/10/2014
2.2. Metadata last posted 14/10/2014
2.3. Metadata last update 14/10/2014

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Since September 2014, national accounts are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts - ESA 2010. Supply, use and input-output tables are part of the National Accounts transmission program. The timeliness for supply, use and input-output tables is set to 36 months after the end of the reference year. For example, data for the year 2011 should be transmitted to Eurostat not later tg-han by end of December 2014.

The transmission program sets the requirements for the transmission of national data by Member States and partners countries. Every year countries transmit the supply and use tables. Every 5 years (for reference years ending with 0 or 5) countries transmit input-output tables (product by product) and detailed use tables at basic prices and valuation tables.

Data are presented in million Euro in current prices (basic prices and a transformation into purchaser's prices for the supply side). The geographic coverage is the Member States of EU. Regulation (EU) No 549/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union defines the requirements for Member States.

The EU and EA consolidated Supply, use and input-output tables describe by product and industry the production processes and the transactions in products of the European Union economy with great detail. The consolidated supply, use and input-output tables for the EU describe the aggregation of the EU Member States data, from which the intra trade data has been treated (respectively for the Euro Area). The data is presented in a framework where the domestic part corresponds to the area of EU, the import part corresponds to imports from outside of the area EU.

3.2. Classification system

The European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010 is based on Nace Rev 2 and CPA. The data refers to years 2010 onwards with the ESA 2010 methodology. Supply, use and input-output tables distinguish 64 industries and 64 products.

Data for years 2008 to 2011 are available under ESA1995 on Eurobase. The industry and product classificaitons are as well Nace Rev 2 and CPA 2008.

For details on classifications used in this domain, as well as for any other classification, please see ESA2010 or refer to the RAMON classification database.

3.3. Coverage - sector

Total Economy

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The ESA 2010 regulation (REGULATION (EU) No 549/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 21 May 2013 on the European system of national and regional accounts in the European Union) may be referred to for specific explanations concerning contents of the tables. More comprehensive explanations on compilation methodologies and possible applications of the tables are provided in the Eurostat Manual of Supply, Use and Input-Output Tables.

The domain contains the supply, use and symmetric input-output tables. Supply and use data are recorded on an annual basis; whereas the symmetric input-output tables are recorded in intervals of five years.

Supply and use tables are matrices by industry and product describing production processes and the transactions in products of the national economy in great detail. These tables show:

a) the structure of the costs of production and the value added that is generated in the production process;

b) the flows of goods and services produced within the national economy and

c) the flows of goods and services with the rest of the world.

A symmetric input-output table is a product-by-product or industry-by-industry matrix describing the domestic production processes and the transactions in products of the national economy in great detail. A symmetric input-output table rearranges both supply and use in a single table with identical classification of products (or industries respectively) employed for both rows and columns.

The consolidated European tables are based on basic prices use tables. As this data is not mandatory from the Regulation 549/2013, Member States have been asked to provide additional tables (Use table at basic prices, use table for domestic output at basic prices, use table for imports at basic prices, trade and transport margins, taxes less subsidies on products) on a regular basis. Many countries replied Eurostat's request. When additional tables were missing, and sometimes mandatory tables were missing, Eurostat estimated the data. The estimations are described in more details in a technical note available in Annex.

3.5. Statistical unit

Not available.

3.6. Statistical population

The consolidated European tables are based on most of the European Member States data. Consolidated tables are in line with the macro aggregates data at the time of their dissemination.

3.7. Reference area

Eurostat provides data for EU Member States, Candidate Countries and Norway as far as available.

Eurostat provides data for EU and EA.

3.8. Coverage - Time

With the ESA 2010 national data starts from 2010 onwards. Some Member States provide backward data on a voluntary basis.

European consolidated tables will be available from 2005 onwards.

3.9. Base period

Not available.

4. Unit of measure Top

Data are presented in million Euro or in million of national currency units in both current and constant prices for national data. Data is presented in million Euro in current prices for the consolidated tables.

5. Reference Period Top

The reference period is the calendar year.

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

National Accounts are compiled in accordance with the European System of Accounts (ESA 2010) adopted in the form of a Council Regulation dated 21 May 2013, N° 549/2013 and originally published in the Official Journal L174 of the 26/06/2013. The data transmission is regulated in the annex to the regulation n°549/2013.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not available.

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Council Regulation (CE) No 322/97of 17 February 1997 (OJ No L 52/1) and Council Regulation (EURATOM, EEC) no 1588/90 of 11 June 1990 on the transmission of the data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities (OJ No L 151/ 1) stipulates the detailed rules used for receiving, processing and disseminating the confidential data.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Council Regulation (CE) No 322/97of 17 February 1997 (OJ No L 52/1) and Council Regulation (EURATOM, EEC) no 1588/90 of 11 June 1990 on the transmission of the data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities (OJ No L 151/ 1) stipulates the detailed rules used for receiving, processing and disseminating the confidential data.

Data transmitted with a confidentiality flag are not made available on Eurostat website. But the confidential data are taken into account to compile European aggregates, with the insurance that national confidential data cannot be retrieved.

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

National supply, use and input-output tables are disseminated as soon as validated by Eurostat with the country.

European consolidated tables have been disseminated around September-October every year.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not Available

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably.

The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.

Under the administrative arrangement signed between Eurostat and JRC-IPTS, the data is accessible to our colleagues before the dissemination on Eurobase.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top

The national supply table at basic prices with a transformation to purchaser's prices and the use table at purchaser's prices are provided annually whereas the national input-output tables and the use tables at basic prices are delivered for intervals of five years. The consolidated tables are produced annually.

10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

No news release on supply, use and input-output tables

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Statistics Explained articles and Statistics in Focus if appropriate

10.3. Dissemination format - online database
  • Free publications online
  • Dedicated Sections
  • Circa
10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access


10.5. Dissemination format - other

See: .

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Eurostat decisions and guidelines are explained in ESA2010. Additional methodological issues may be found in "Eurostat Manual of Supply, Use and Input-Output Tables".

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Quality is assured by strict application of ESA2010 concepts and by thorough validation of the data delivered by countries.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

On top of the regulatory data transmission, additional data have been delivered (on a confidentiality basis) from many Member States, that permitted to get a consistent data set and of high quality at an aggregated level.

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Not available.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Not available.

12.3. Completeness

Not available.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

Not available.

13.2. Sampling error

Not available.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not available.

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

According to the ESA 2010 regulation, Member States have to transmit data to Eurostat within 36 months after the end of the reference year.

14.2. Punctuality

Most of the Member States transmit the data within the deadline of the Regulation. However a compliance monitoring is made at regular intervals.

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

The comparability is insured by the application of common definitions (European System of Accounts ESA 2010)

15.2. Comparability - over time

Not available.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Additional time series - usually on annual and sometimes quarterly level - on National Accounts are available from the other domains in Eurostat's Reference database, from Eurostat's website and from additional Eurostat publications.

Most of the national data have originally been published by the National Statistical Institutes (NSI). These data may also be used for cross-checking. The majority is disseminated via the websites of the National Statistical Institutes.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Not available.

16. Cost and Burden Top

Not available.

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

In this ESA domain there is no commonly fixed scheme for revising the accounts. Often, National Statistical Institutes transmit preliminary supply and use tables to Eurostat which are later revised and complemented with the symmetric tables. Eurostat follows these updates whenever they are provided and fulfill minimum quality requirements.

Consolidated tables for European Union and Euro area are revised for the last reference year, when the consolidation is mainly based on national projections due to the timeliness of the national requirements transmission.

17.2. Data revision - practice

National Accounts data are subject to continuous revisions. Annual data may be revised with the release of new quarterly figures and vice versa.

Major changes in methodology will usually be the result of legislation, and therefore announced in the Official Journal of the European Communities and other publications.

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Figures are collected by the National Statistical Institutes' Accounts Departments. The basic statistics come from many sources, including administrative data from government sources, censuses, and various surveys of businesses and households. No single type of survey is used. Sources vary from country to country and may cover a large set of economic, social, financial and environmental items, which may not in all cases be strictly related to National Accounts.

For further information about sources and collection methods, please refer to National Statistical Institutes and National Central Banks.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Not available.

18.3. Data collection

Data are sent by National Statistical Institutes (NSIs).

18.4. Data validation

Data input by National Statistical Institutes is checked for quality and completeness. Transmitted figures are benchmarked against a complex and extensive system of equations which define logical relations of the values (e.g. each total must equal the sum of its components) as well as economic relations (e.g. total uses of a product should correspond to its total resources). In case inconsistencies or important data gaps are noticed, Eurostat informs the national institutes about the possible errors encountered and requests revisions. It may take some time until a new transmission is reported. In the meantime Eurostat publishes the present set of data, provided that the inconsistencies are of minor importance.

Eurostat compiles the validation of the consolidated data in line with the main aggregates data (Annual National Accounts).

18.5. Data compilation

The compilation is done when the EU/EA data coverage is sufficient. However no precise threshold is set up.

18.6. Adjustment

Not available.

19. Comment Top

Not available.

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top
Technical documentation on European consolidated tables
Technical documentation 2014