Residence permits (migr_res)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

Eurostat and National Quality Reports according to ESQRS (ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure)
National metadata

National quality report

National metadata produced by countries and released by Eurostat





For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

F2: Population and Migration

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 05/07/2019
2.2. Metadata last posted 05/07/2019
2.3. Metadata last update 05/07/2019


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Residence permits statistics refers to third-country nationals (persons who are not EU citizens) receiving a residence permits or an authorisation to reside in one of the EU or EFTA Member States. The definitions used for residence permits and other concepts (e.g. first permit) are presented in the section 3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions. The detailed data collection methodology is presented in Annex 8 of this metadata file.

LEGAL FRAMEWORK - Residence data contain statistical information based on Article 6 of Council Regulation (CE) No 862 of 11 July 2007.  This legal framework refers to the initial residence permits data collection with 2008 first reference period (e.g. first residence permits; change of immigration status or reason to stay; all valid residence permits in the end of the year and long-term residence permits valid in the end of the year) and it provides also a general framework for newer data collections based on specific European legal acts (e.g. statistics on EU Blue Cards and statistics on single permits) or provided on voluntary basis (e.g. new long-term residence permits issued during the year and residence permits issued for family reunification with beneficiaries of  protection status).

DATA SOURCE - Data are entirely based on administrative sources with the exception of the United Kingdom1 and are provided mainly by the Ministries of Interior or related Immigration Agencies. Data are generally disseminated in June and July in the year following the reference year.

AVAILABLE DATASETS

I. Residence permits statistics by reason to stay, citizenship and permit's length of validity based on Article 6 of Council Regulation (CE) No 862 of 11 July 2007. These statistics are available from 2008 reference year.

    First Permits - see the definition in the section 3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions.

  • First permits by reason, length of validity and citizenship (migr_resfirst)2. The totals presented in this tables are depended on data availability in the following four tables migr_resfam + migr_resedu+ migr_resocc+ migr_resoth.
  • First permits issued for family reasons by reason, length of validity and citizenship (migr_resfam)
  • First permits issued for education reasons by reason, length of validity and citizenship (migr_resedu)
  • First permits issued for remunerated activities by reason, length of validity and citizenship (migr_resocc)
  • First permits issued for other reasons by reason, length of validity and citizenship (migr_resoth)

    Residence Permits issued with the occasion of changing the immigration status or reason to stay

  • Change of immigration status permits by reason and citizenship (migr_reschange)          

    Residence permits valid in the end of the year

  • All valid permits by reason, length of validity and citizenship on 31 December of each year (migr_resvalid)
  • Long-term residents by citizenship on 31 December of each year (migr_reslong)

    Share of long term residence permits

  • Long-term residents among all non-EU citizens holding residence permits by citizenship on 31 December (%) (migr_resshare)

II. Residence permits statistics by age (5-year age groups) and sex collected on voluntary basis. These statistics are available from 2010 reference year.

  • First permits by reason, age, sex and citizenship (migr_resfas)  
  • All valid permits by age, sex and citizenship on 31 December of each year (migr_resvas)               
  • Long-term residents by age, sex and citizenship on 31 December of each year (migr_reslas)

III. EU Blue Cards data collection based on Article 20 of the Directive 2009/50/EC. These statistics are available from 2012 reference year2.

  • EU Blue Cards by type of decision, occupation and citizenship (migr_resbc1)       
  • Admitted family members of EU Blue Cards holders by type of decision and citizenship (migr_resbc2)
  • EU Blue Cards holders and family members by Member State of previous residence (migr_resbc3)

IV. Single Permit data collection based on Art 15 Directive 2011/98/EU. These statistics are avilable from 2013 reference year.

  • Single Permits issued by type of decision, length of validity (migr_ressing)

 V. Pilot data collections collected on voluntary basis. These statistics are available from 2016 reference year and the data quality assessment is ongoing.

  • Long-term residence permits issued during the year (migr_resltr)
  • First permits issued for family reunification with a beneficiary of protection status (migr_resfrps1)
  • Permits valid at the end of the year for family reunification with a beneficiary of protection status (migr_resfrps2)

VI. Statistics on Intra-Corporate Transfers under Art 24 of Directive 2014/66/EU3

The statistics on intra-corporate transfers has 2017 first reference year (these statistics will  be published since 2018). 

  • Intra-corporate transferee permits issued, renewed and withdrawn by type of permit, length of validity and citizenship (migr_resict1_1)              
  • Intra-corporate transferee permits issued by type of permit, economic sector and citizenship (migr_resict1_2) 
  • Intra-corporate transferee permits issued by type of permit, length of validity, transferee position and citizenship (migr_resict1_3)              
  • Intra-corporate notifications received by length of validity and citizenship (migr_resict2_1)         
  • Intra-corporate notifications received by economic sector and citizenship (migr_resict2_2)         
  • Permits for long-term mobility issued and notifications received, broken down by "first Member State" (migr_resict3)

VII. Statistics on Seasonal Workers under Art 26 Directive 2014/36/EU3

The Statistics on Seasonal Workers has 2017 first reference year (these statistics will  be published since 2018). For this data collection the data quality assessment is ongoing.

  • Authorisations for the purpose of seasonal work by status, length of validity, economic sector and citizenship (migr_ressw1_1)             
  • Authorisations issued for the purpose of seasonal work by economic sector, sex and citizenship (migr_ressw2)

These two data collection count the number of permits/authorisations/notifications issued for the purpose of the directives allowing double counting of same persons during the year. Therefore, the unit of measure is number of permit/authorisations/notifications for these data collections, instead of number of persons as it is in other statistics on residence permits.

Indicators produced in Residence Permits Statistics

The indicators presented in the table 'Long-term residents among all non-EU citizens holding residence permits by citizenship on 31 December (%)' are produced within the framework of the pilot study related to the integration of migrants in the Member States, following the Zaragoza Declaration.

The Zaragoza Declaration, adopted in April 2010 by EU Ministers responsible for immigrant integration issues, and approved at the Justice and Home Affairs Council on 3-4 June 2010, called upon the Commission to undertake a pilot study to examine proposals for common integration indicators and to report on the availability and quality of the data from agreed harmonised sources necessary for the calculation of these indicators. In June 2010 the ministers agreed "to promote the launching of a pilot project with a view to the evaluation of integration policies, including examining the indicators and analysing the significance of the defined indicators taking into account the national contexts, the background of diverse migrant populations and different migration and integration policies of the Member States, and reporting on the availability and quality of the data from agreed harmonised sources necessary for the calculation of these indicators".

These indicators are produced on the basis of residence permit statistics collected by Eurostat on the basis of Article 6 of the Migration Statistics Regulation 862/2007. As a denominator data on the stock of all valid permits to stay at the end of each reporting year are used. As a numerator data on the stock of long-term residents are used.  Two types of long term residents are distinguished in accordance with the residence permit statistics: EU long-term resident status (as regulated by the Council Directive 2003/109/EC) and the National long-term resident status (as regulated by the national legislation in the Member States). Data for some countries may be a subject of revisions due to certain inconsistencies between categories.

 

Data consistency between tables

The data providers should use the same methodological specifications provided by Eurostat and some tables from Resper statistics should be consistent between them according to this methodology.  However, consistency issues between tables exist due to some technical limitations (e.g. different data sources) or different methodology applied to each table (see the quality information from below or the national metadata files) or different point in time of producing each tables.

1Please note that the statistics for the United Kingdom use different data sources to those used in other Member States. For that reason, the statistics on residence permits published by Eurostat for UK may not be fully comparable with the statistics reported by other countries. Statistics for the United Kingdom are not based on records of residence permits issued (as the United Kingdom does not operate a system of residence permits), but instead relate to the numbers of arriving non-EU citizens permitted to enter the country under selected immigration categories. According to the United Kingdom authorities, data are estimated from a combination of information due to be published in the Home Office Statistical Bulletin 'Control of Immigration: Statistics, United Kingdom' and unpublished management information. The 'Other reasons' category includes: diplomat, consular officer treated as exempt from control; retired persons of independent means; all other passengers given limited leave to enter who are not included in any other category; non-asylum discretionary permissions.

2 The EU Blue cards issued during the year are collected in two datasets: 1. in the table migr_resocc countig the EU Blue Cards issued as "first permits" and 2. in the EU Blue Cards counting all EU Blue Cards issued. The diference between these two categories is represented by the EU Blue cards that are not first permits. However these two tables might be updated/revised at a different point in time and the consistency between tables might be affected.

3Some of the tables or some categories from this data collection might not be published in first reference periods due to the data availability constrains (no data provided) or due to no cases recorded. The data quality assessment is ongoing for processed statistics (e.g. the confirmation of zero or not cases recorded is ongoing).

3.2. Classification system

Classification of citizenship is based on the ISO-3166 code list (using alpha-2) with minor changes.

These differences consist of minor changes that have occurred over time to reflect the creation of new countries or citizenships. In some cases, these citizenship categories are not universally recognised but are used by some Member States in the data supplied to Eurostat.

A further case is that of "Recognised non-citizen" – a category introduced by Eurostat to cover a "person who is not a citizen of the reporting country nor of any other country, but who has established links to that country including some but not all rights and obligations of full citizenship. Recognised non-citizens are not included in number of EU citizens." This category is used in Eurostat's population and migration statistics.

Classification of occupation based on ISCO-08 at the level of sub-major groups for the statistics on EU Blue Cards.

3.3. Coverage - sector

Migration statistics.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Residence permit:

Any authorisation valid for at least 3 months issued by the authorities of a Member State allowing a third country national to stay legally on its territory.  According to Article 6.2 of  the Council Regulation (CE) No 862/2007 of 11 July 2007, when national laws and administrative practices of a Member State allow for specific categories of long-term visa or immigration status to be granted instead of residence permits, such visas and grants of statuses are also included in these statistics.

First permit:

Residence permit issued to a person for the first time.

A residence permit is considered as a first permit also if the time gap between expiry of the old permit and the start of validity of the new permit issued for the same reason is at least 6 months, irrespective of the year of issuance of the permit.

The convention of first permit relates to permits issued at all levels of administrative / judicial instances and by all national authorities. Thus, if at the first instance permission to reside was not granted but an appeal decision was positive at the second instance, the permission (resulting from appeal decision) shall be considered to be a first permit (if of course the time gap conditions are met).

Permits granted during the reference period on the occasion of person changing immigration status or reason to stay:

Permission to reside is considered as a change of immigration status or reason to stay if the period between the expiry of the old permit and the start of validity of the following permit is less than 6 months and the immigration status or reason to stay has been changed.

Only changes between major categories can be recorded as a change of status permit. These major categories are:

  • reasons related to family formation and reunification;
  • reasons related to education and study;
  • reasons related to remunerated activities;
  • other reasons.

Statistics related to the change of immigration status/reason to stay include permissions granted at all levels of administrative/judicial instances and by all national authorities.

Long-term residents:

Long-term resident status refers to permits issued under Council Directive 2003/109/EC. This is based on a total duration of legal residence of 5 years or longer, combined with a series of other conditions that must be met to qualify for this status.

Third country nationals:

Any person who is not a citizen of the Union within the meaning of Article 17 (1) of the Treaty, including stateless persons (see Art. 2.1 (i) of the Council Regulation (EC) no 862/2007). 

EU Blue Card:

EU Blue Card refers to the authorisation bearing the term "EU Blue Card" entitling its holder to reside and work in the territory of a Member State under the terms of Council Directive 2009/50/EC (Article 2(c)).

Single permit

Single permit means a residence permit issued by the authorities of a Member State within a simplified procedure that allow a third-country national to "reside legally in its territory for the purpose of work" (Art 2 (c) Directive 2011/98/EU).

FRPS permit

FRPS permit means residence permit issued to a third country national for the purpose of family reunification under Family Reunification Directive 2003/86/EC, family unity under Article 23 of the Qualification Directive (Directive 2011/95/EU) or relevant national legislation where the sponsor is a beneficiary of protection status.

For further information on definitions, please see Annex 5 or Annex 8.

For further information on the compliance with definitions, please see Annex 1 and the national metadata files.

3.5. Statistical unit

Each table refers to the number of persons, not to the number of administrative decisions or acts.

For the exceptions please see Annex 1.

3.6. Statistical population

The Residence permits statistics refer to the third country nationals who received residence permit in the EU and EFTA countries or EU Blue Card in the EU countries. Please see "Concepts and definitions" for the details of the categories of permissions recorded under residence permits statistics.

3.7. Reference area

For Residence permits: EU Member States and EFTA countries.

For EU Blue Cards and Single Permits: EU Member States, except Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom.

3.8. Coverage - Time

Residence permit data are available from 2008 reference period. Residence permit data disaggregated by 'age' and 'sex'are available from 2010 onwards. Statistics on "EU Blue Cards" are available from 2012 reference year. Statistics on single permits available from 2013 reference year. Statistics on long-term residence permits issued during the year and statistics on residence permits issued for family reunification with beneficiaries of protection status are available from 2016 reference year.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top

Units of measure are absolute numbers of persons for residence permit statistics.

Diferent unit of measure is applied for the two recent data collection on Intra-Corporate Transfers and Seasonal Workers.

Statistics on Intra-Corporate Transfers

Three main categories of data are collected for Intra-Corporate Transfers (based on Article 24 Statistics - Directive 2014/66/EU):

  • the intra-corporate transferee permits;
  • permits for long-term mobility where applicable;
  • the notifications received, where applicable (short or long term mobility).

The statistics on Intra-Corporate Transfers refers to the number of permits and the number of notifications. One person can be counted more than once during the reference period (double counting of person allowed for ICT statistics).

The statistics on Intra-Corporate Transfers shall refer only to the intra-corporate transferees and not to their family members who have been granted family reunification residence permit.

Statistics on Seasonal Workers

The statistics on seasonal work refers to the number of authorisations issued for the purpose of seasonal work.


5. Reference Period Top

Calendar year.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Member States have the responsibility to send residence permits statistics to Eurostat. The main legal act of the legal framework is the Council Regulation (CE) No 862 of 11 July 2007 on Community statistics on migration and international protection.

Additional legal acts related to specific data collections:

  • Eu Blue Cards data collection is based on Article 20 of the Council Directive 2009/50/EC of 25 May 2009 on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualified employment.
  • Single Permit data collection is based on Article 26 of the Directive 2011/98/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2011 on a single application procedure for a single permit for third-country nationals to reside and work in the territory of a Member State and on a common set of rights for third-country workers legally residing in a Member State

Eurostat provide Technical Guidelines to the member States describing the procedures and the quality requirements for the statistics collected on voluntary basis. 

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not available.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not applicable.


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Depending on the data availability, statistics will be released by end of July of the year following the reference year.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable.

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Annual.


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

News releases on-line.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Eurostat free publication - Statistics in Focus on 'Residence permits issued to non-EU citizens in 2009 - Issue number 43/2011' released on 01 September 2011 and available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3433488/5579400/KS-SF-11-043-EN.PDF/38530f6e-90af-4fd0-babd-3e333a003713?version=1.0

Statistics explained article on "Residence permits statistics" and available online at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Residence_permits_statistics.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Please consult free data on-line or refer to contact details.

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not applicable.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Member States have the responsibility to send residence permits statistics to Eurostat. Eurostat provide Technical Guidelines to the member States describing the procedures and the quality requirements for the statistics collected.

The main legal acts of the legal framework are represented by the Council Regulation (CE) No 862 of 11 July 2007 (Article 6) on Community statistics on migration and international protection and   Council Directive 2009/50/EC (Article 20) on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualified employment.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Member States have the responsibility to send residence permits statistics to Eurostat. Eurostat provide Technical Guidelines to the member States describing the procedures and the quality requirements for the statistics collected.

The main legal acts of the legal framework are represented by the Council Regulation (CE) No 862 of 11 July 2007 (Article 6) on Community statistics on migration and international protection and Council Directive 2009/50/EC (Article 20) on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualified employment.


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Statistics on residence permits are based entirely on administrative sources. Member States compile data in compliance with the Council Regulation (EC) 862/2007 and following guidelines and instructions provided by Eurostat. Before publishing the data, consistent validation checks are performed.

Regulation (EC) No 862/2007 lays down the common framework for compilation of statistics on migration and international protection. However, in order to produce comparable data harmonised between Member States, it was necessary to complement it with two associated implementing measures adopted by the Commission:

  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 216/20102 defines the categories of reasons for residence permit issue for the statistics supplied under Article 6 of the Regulation. The reasons for permit issue relate to the immigration categories and sub-categories under which third country nationals are permitted to reside (for example, persons permitted to reside for employment reasons, with a sub-category for those permissions granted under highly-skilled worker programmes);
  • Commission Regulation (EU) No 351/20103 defines the groups of country of birth, groups of country of previous usual residence, groups of country of next usual residence and groups of citizenship for the migration flow and population stock statistics supplied under Article 3 of the Regulation.

Non-compliance follow-up measures have been launched by the Commission in response to the most serious cases of missing or incomplete data – where for example, no data have been supplied by a country in response to a data collection. Actions undertaken have demonstrated that a large majority of Member States make a serious effort to be compliant. In addition, in several cases, a solution to the difficulties could be found thanks to reciprocal collaboration between the national authorities and Commission's services.

Other information can be found in the Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 862/2007).

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Certain differences in definitions and practices of producing statistics exist between countries. Compliance with the Regulation requirements ensures a sufficient level of accuracy and comparability.

Many Member States have introduced more integrated and comprehensive administrative systems that make use of modern IT and communication methods. Problems of missing and incomplete data do still occur (see the annexes) often been caused by the non-recording of certain information in the administrative systems that are frequently used as data sources. A number of national authorities have introduced improved procedures to ensure that the necessary information is gathered as part of the immigration administrative process and better computing systems to allow this information to be readily accessed to be included in the statistical data. Non-compliance follow-up measures have been launched by the Commission in response to the most serious cases of missing or incomplete data – where for example, no data have been supplied by a country in response to a data collection. Actions undertaken have demonstrated that a large majority of Member States make a serious effort to be compliant (see also Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 862/2007).


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Within the Commission, the main user of migration and asylum statistics is DG Home Affairs. However, these statistics are also frequently used by other Directorates General, in particular, by DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion and by DG Justice.

One important use of the statistics has been as part of the annual allocation of the budgetary envelope for each Member State for the Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows Funds. The statistics are used in several publications of the Commission, as well as in the preparation of regular reports, policy proposals and analysis. For example, the Commission's Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum4 uses these statistics as a means to quantify progress made towards the implementation of the 2008 European Pact on Immigration and Asylum and to highlight recommendations for further actions. Migration and asylum statistics are also used by the European Migration Network (EMN) as a basis for its annual EU- and national-level statistical and analytical reports. The statistics also provide an input to the EMN studies and reports that address specific issues of current policy importance. The statistics collected under the Regulation are widely used in official publications and by a wide range of users. In addition to publication on the Eurostat website and on-line dissemination database, there are regular Eurostat quarterly and annual publications that provide updated statistics and statistical commentary. The statistics produced under the Regulation are regularly used by national administrations, academic researchers and civil society groups working on a wide range of topics including the integration of immigrants, the development and monitoring of national asylum and immigration procedures, and the projection of the future population and labour force.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

An indicator of the relevance of the migration data to Eurostat's users is the number of data or publications downloaded from the Eurostat's website. Based on the report from 07.09.2017, more than 6000 data extractions from Eurostat website were recorded in one year period (August 2016 - July 2017) for residence permits, EU Blue Cards and single permit data collections. For the same period, more extractions were recorded for the tables: "First permits by reason, length of validity and citizenship" (6134 extractions), "EU Blue Cards by type of decision, occupation and citizenship" (2114 extractions) and "All valid permits by reason, length of validity and citizenship on 31 December of each year" (2015).

12.3. Completeness

The implementation of the Regulation has resulted in increases in the completeness and degree of harmonisation of European statistics on migration and international protection. However, despite these improvements, further work is still needed for some of the statistics collected and in some of the Member States. Problems of missing and incomplete data do still occur. These problems can vary from the total non-supply of any data covered by an article of the Regulation in the worst cases, to the nonavailability of a specific table or disaggregation. Where disaggregations are lacking, this has often been caused by the non-recording of certain information in the administrative systems that are frequently used as data sources.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

The accuracy of the data collected under Articles 6 of the Regulation depends on the accuracy and efficiency of the underlying administrative systems. The widespread redevelopment of administrative systems had a strongly positive impact on the accuracy of the statistical data.

Data are collected from reliable administrative sources in the Member States with the exception of the United Kingdom.

Please note that the statistics for the United Kingdom use different data sources to those used in other Member States. For that reason, statistics for the UK presented in the statistics published by Eurostat may not be fully comparable with the statistics reported by other countries. Statistics for the United Kingdom are not based on records of residence permits issued (as the United Kingdom does not operate a system of residence permits), but instead relate to the numbers of arriving non-EU citizens permitted to enter the country under selected immigration categories. According to the United Kingdom authorities, data are estimated from a combination of information due to be published in the Home Office Statistical Bulletin 'Control of Immigration: Statistics, United Kingdom' and unpublished management information. The 'Other reasons' category includes: diplomat, consular officer treated as exempt from control; retired persons of independent means; all other passengers given limited leave to enter who are not included in any other category; non-asylum discretionary permissions.

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable.


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Data should be supplied to Eurostat no later than 6 months after the end of the reference period.

14.2. Punctuality

Residence permit data are generally published within 7 months after the reference year.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Due to the recent implementation of the Residence Permits Data Collection, some methodological and administrative differences still exist between the Member States.  Some countries are in  the process of harmonisation with the definitions, reducing conceptual disparities and changing data availability and completeness status for some categories of data. For the analytical purposes and comparisons between the countries please see the methodological annexes concerning the level of compliance with definitions and data completeness (Annex 1, Annex 2 and Annex 3).

15.2. Comparability - over time

The residence permit statistics should be compiled based on same methodology and the outputs should be comparable between years.  Due to the ongoing methodological improvements which may occur at different reference periods, for some categories of permits Member States may apply different rules for the same years. For the analytical purposes and comparisons between the years please see the methodological annexes concerning the level of compliance with definitions and data completeness (Annex 1, Annex 2 and Annex 3).

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not applicable.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Internal coherence (e.g. between years, coherent classification of issued permits) is ensured through the application of the resident permits methodology and through the various validations performed on the data before publication. An important aspect is that residence permit data collection is based on administrative sources fallowing almost the same procedures (due to the lacking administrative register the only exception is UK, for details please see Annex 3). Fallowing the ongoing improvements of data processing and validation, some revisions of data are expected from the Member States. The majority of issues regarding to internal coherence are included in the methodological annexes concerning the level of compliance with definitions and data completeness (Annex 1, Annex 2 and Annex 3).


16. Cost and Burden Top

The types of statistics required under the Regulation are needed also for national purposes, such as for the management of the national system for processing asylum applications or for the monitoring of border control policies. In almost all cases, the data used to produce the statistics are based on existing administrative and statistical systems. The specific burdens placed by the Regulation on national authorities are therefore related to the need to prepare particular disaggregations or tables that might not otherwise have been produced, and to the need to apply the harmonised statistical definitions and concepts. For some national authorities, this resulted in one-off costs associated with the necessary adaptations to methods, procedures and systems.

The extent of the additional burdens varied between Member States according to the degree of similarity between the existing national systems for migration statistics and the requirements of the Regulation. However, in most Member States and for most of the statistics covered by the Regulation, the additional costs and burden are believed to be relatively limited and to be proportionate to the benefits obtained at both EU and national level of having more complete and better harmonised migration statistics.


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

Not available.

17.2. Data revision - practice

Data are revised on a continuous basis according to the most recently updated data provided by the countries. Most of the revisions are related to the improvement of the statistics provided (new and better information could be available after the submission of the statistics to Eurostat).


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Administrative data sources only. Data are compiled from the administrative records of the national authorities, mainly the Ministries of Interior or Immigration  Agencies.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual.

18.3. Data collection

Residence permits data is annually collected from administrative sources, having as statistical unit the number of persons (third-country nationals who received the residence permit).  National data suppliers are sending the residence permits data for the following countries: EU Member States, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland.

Data providers supply data to Eurostat in Excel templates via the Single Entry Point (SEP) with eDamis.

The residence permits data collection relates to reference periods of one calendar year and shall be completed by national data suppliers that are responsible at national level for the transmission of the residence permits data to Eurostat (National Statistic Offices, Ministries of Interior or Immigration Agencies).

18.4. Data validation

Before publishing the data, consistent validation checks are performed.Residence permits data are validated through all processing steps, combining manual/visual validation with some tools integrated within the templates and the production environment.

Member States shall apply the validation checks of the permit statistics before providing data to Eurostat. The statistical process is different in each country. Therefore, each country shall develop its own data validation system, depending on the national infrastructure.

With the aim of assuring the data quality and for harmonising the validation systems between MSs, Eurostat is involved in the following four main activities:

  1. Setting the methodological framework for producing harmonised statistics between the MSs. The methodological requirements for Resper statistics are specified in the Technical Guidelines for data collection.
  2. Promote exchange of good practices between MSs related to the data processing and validation procedures. In this respect, different quality aspects of the statistics produced by Eurostat have been presented to the data providers.
  3. Establishing a set of validation rules that should be applied to all the files that are provided to Eurostat
  4. Provide some IT tools for data validation (e.g. Macro programs - VBA) that allow data providers to check the files before data transmission.

A series of macros have been included in the Excel files (the templates for data collection) in order to allow the data providers to perform the data validation before they are transmitted to Eurostat. A report is produced by this macro with the indication of the cells with problems.

18.5. Data compilation

Not applicable.

18.6. Adjustment

Not applicable.


19. Comment Top

The data series 'Long-term residents by citizenship on 31. December of each year' contains two categories of such permissions:

- EU long-term resident status (This status is defined by Article 2(h) of the Migration Statistics Regulation i.e. to the definition of a long-term resident that is contained in Council Directive 2003/109/EC).
- National long-term resident status (This category includes long-term resident status granted to third-country nationals under rules which are different from Council Directive 2003/109/EC). These data are available only since 2010.

Please note that for 2008 and 2009 reference periods the total of 'Long-term residents by citizenship on 31. December of each year' only includes the data on 'EU long-term resident status' (Long-term resident status: EU directive) permits' category.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
Annex 1 - Compliance with first permit definition
Annex 2 - First Permits Completeness
Annex 3 - Stock of Permits Completeness
Annex 4 - Country notes - UK
Annex 5 - Definitions and methodological concepts
Annex 6 - EU Blue Cards Completeness in 2013
Annex 7 - Single permits data collection in 2013
Annex 8 - Residence permits technical guidelines for data collection