Community design (CD) (ipr_d)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

G4: Innovation and information society

1.5. Contact mail address

2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 17/11/2015
2.2. Metadata last posted 17/11/2015
2.3. Metadata last update 26/04/2019

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Intellectual property refers broadly to the creations of the human mind. Intellectual property rights protect the interests of creators by giving them property rights over their creations.

Designs constitute means by which creators seek protection for their industrial property. Designs reflect the non-technological innovation in every sector of economic life, including services. In this context, indicators based on Design data can provide a link between innovation and the market.

A design is the outward appearance of a product or part of it, resulting from the lines, contours, colours, shape, texture, materials and/or its ornamentation. The design or shape of a product can be synonymous with the branding and image of a company and can become an asset with increasing monetary value.

This domain provides users with data concerning Community Designs. Community Designs refer to design protections throughout the European Union. The Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (EUIPO) is the official office of the European Union for the registration of Community Trade marks and Designs.

A registered Community design (RCD) is an exclusive right that covers the outward appearance of a product or part of it. The fact that the right is registered confers on the design great certainty should infringement occur. An RCD initially has a life of five years from the filing date and can be renewed in blocks of five years up to a maximum of 25 years. Applicants may market a design for up to 12 months before filing for an RCD without destroying its novelty (Source: EUIPO).

3.2. Classification system

Community design applications are classified according to “International classification for industrial designs -Locarno classification for the designs”. A design application might be assigned to one or more classes.

The Locarno Agreement establishes an International Classification for Industrial Designs (hereinafter referred to as "the Locarno Agreement" and "the Locarno Classification," respectively).  The Locarno Classification comprises of 32 classes and 219 subclasses of goods.

For further information on Locarno Classification for Designs visit WIPO web site at

The regional breakdown of the EU Member States is based on the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics – NUTS 2013 level 3.

3.3. Coverage - sector

All sectors.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

For the calculation of totals for Community Designs full counts are applied. Fractional counting is not applied because although an application can be assigned to one or more owners, the first owner of the application is taken into account for the assignment of the geographical origin of the application.

Community design applications are classified according to “International classification for industrial designs -Locarno classification for the designs”. A design application might be assigned to one or more classes. Regarding the calculations by Locarno classes, full counts are applied. Hence a design is counted for each class that is assigned separately.

For the calculation of indicators on co-ownership the method of fractional counting is applied. Hence, if one Design application has more than one owner then will be proportionally assigned to the distinct countries of the owners.

Data on Community Designs are provided in separate tables for applications and designs.

Total number of application and design data by receive year are available at the national and the regional level.

Both application and design data by receive year are available at the national and regional level as follows:

  • Per million population
  • Per GDP(billions of Euro)
  • Per GDP(billions of PPS€ )

Applications are also broken down by type of design

Design data are also broken down by

  • Locarno classification
  • By number of classes
  • By status in registration process
  • By type of applicant
  • As average number of designs in applications
  • Relative to the performance of other countries in applying  for designs by class

Separate tables at national level are also available for :

  • Registered Community design (RCD) publications
  • Registered Community Designs (RCD) renewals
  • Cooperation for Community designs by receive year
3.5. Statistical unit

The statistical unit is the protection activity within a country's borders that result in application EUIPO for registering Designs.

3.6. Statistical population

The statistical population that is the base for Community Design indicators is the Design application to EUIPO.

3.7. Reference area

EU Member States, Candidate Countries, EFTA countries, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Hong Kong, India, Israel, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Russian Federation, Singapore, South Africa, Taiwan, United States, rest of the world.

Data on Community Designs are given at the national and the regional level (NUTS, NUTS2 and NUTS3). Regional data are based on the

3.8. Coverage - Time

The series for Community Designs starts in general in 2003 and ends up to 2016 for design applications and registrations. Data for 2016 are provisional.

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.

4. Unit of measure Top

Besides total number and percentages these figures are also related to million inhabitants, in percentage of GDP in billions of Euro and billions of PPS in Euro.

5. Reference Period Top

The calendar year.

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Not applicable.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not applicable.

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not applicable.

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Not applicable.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable.

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Annual data.

10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

News releases on-line.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Not applicable.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Please consult free data on-line or refer to contact details.

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Not applicable.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Not applicable.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

No quality documentation is officially available for Community Designs statistics.

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Quality assurance for IPR statistics is dependent on the primary sources.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Not applicable.

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

IPR statistics are recognised to be part of the indicators that allow to measure R&D output and inventive activity.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

The number of downloads from Eurostat's reference database suppose that users find data relevant.

12.3. Completeness

The completeness is linked to the length of the protection procedure.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

Overall the accuracy is good, depending however on the primary sources.

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Not applicable.

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

2-3 months after the end of the reference period data are quite definitive.

14.2. Punctuality

Eurostat receives 2 annual updates (spring and autumn of calendar year) of EUIPO data.

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Good but for countries with very few data percentages are not comparable across countries.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Good but users should take note that decreasing numbers for the last years are due to the length of the registration procedure and not necessarily due to a lower protection activity.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

The EUIPO also produces indicators and statistics related to Community Designs.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Not applicable.

16. Cost and Burden Top

The EUIPO database contains a huge amount of raw data on Community Designs. Loading and calculating the IPR indicators necessitate important resources (several men/months).

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

Data are revised for the whole time series at each update.

17.2. Data revision - practice

The production of IPR statistics is based on a single data source EUIPO database for Community Designs.

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

For Community Design data: The Office of Harmonization for the Internal Market (EUIPO)

For derived indicators:

Million inhabitants refer to the population the 1st of January each year, and the main source is the Eurostat collection of Population.

GDP data are based on the national accounts published by Eurostat and IMF for non European countries.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

The raw database at EUIPO is updated continuously but Eurostat receives 2 annual updates (spring and autumn of calendar year) of EUIPO data.

18.3. Data collection

Done at the EUIPO

18.4. Data validation

Done at the EUIPO

18.5. Data compilation

Done at Eurostat based on EUIPO data

18.6. Adjustment

Not applicable.

19. Comment Top

Not applicable

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top