Court processes (crim_crt)

Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: European Commission - Eurostat


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

European Commission - Eurostat

1.2. Contact organisation unit

F4: Income and living conditions; Quality of life

1.5. Contact mail address

European Commission - Eurostat

Unit ESTAT.F.4: Income and living conditions; Quality of life

L-2920 Luxembourg


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 08/07/2020
2.2. Metadata last posted 08/07/2020
2.3. Metadata last update 08/07/2020


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

The figures from 2008 onwards on court processes are based on the joint Eurostat-UNODC data collection. It is available at country level for European Union Member States, EFTA countries, EU Candidate countries, and EU Potential Candidates.

 The statistics include:

  • Legal cases (criminal, civil and/or commercial, administrative, others) processed by legal status of the court process (brought to court/resolved/pending),
  • Persons brought before criminal courts by legal status (convicted persons / acquitted).
3.2. Classification system

Crimes are classified by the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS).

Regions are classified by Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics (NUTS).

Legal status is classified according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime definitions.

3.3. Coverage - sector

Not applicable.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

CASES PROCESSED BY THE COURTS

 

Civil/Commercial Cases

Definition:  Any cases processed under national civil/commercial law.

 

First instance courts 

Definition:  Refers to the initial trial courts where legal proceedings are first heard

 

The tables below shows if the data comply with the definition : First instance courts and Civil/Commercial Cases

 
ISO Country First instance courts  Civil/Commercial cases
BE Belgium : :
BG Bulgaria YES YES
CZ Czechia YES YES
DK Denmark YES YES
DE Germany YES YES
EE Estonia YES YES
IE Ireland : :
EL Greece YES YES
ES Spain YES YES
FR France : :
HR Croatia YES YES
IT Italy YES YES
CY Cyprus : :
LV Latvia YES YES
LT Lithuania YES YES
LU Luxembourg : :
HU Hungary YES YES
MT Malta YES YES
NL Netherlands YES YES
AT Austria YES YES
PL Poland YES YES
PT Portugal YES YES
RO Romania YES NO
SI Slovenia YES YES
SK Slovakia YES YES
FI Finland YES YES
SE Sweden YES YES
IS Iceland YES YES
LI Liechtenstein  : :
NO Norway YES :
CH Switzerland  YES YES
ME Montenegro YES YES
MK North Macedonia : :
AL Albania YES YES
RS Serbia YES YES
TR Turkey YES YES
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina  YES YES
XK Kosovo (under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99)  YES YES
UKC-L United Kingdom - England and Wales : YES
UKM United Kingdom - Scotland YES YES
UKN United Kingdom - Northern Ireland YES YES

 : not applicable/not provided 

*last year reported

 Romania: Excludes: Minors and family, Labor litigations, Intellectual property, Social insurance, Maritime and River litigations that are counted in ‘Other cases’.

 

Litigious Civil/Commercial Cases 

Definition:"Litigious Civil/Commercial Cases"  are for instance litigious divorce cases or disputes regarding contracts. In some countries commercial cases are addressed by special commercial courts, whilst in other countries these cases are handled by ordinary (civil) courts. Bankruptcy proceedings must be understood as litigious proceedings. Despite the organisational differences between countries in this respect, all the information concerning civil and commercial cases should be included in the same figures.

 

Non-litigious Civil/Commercial Cases

Definition: "Non-litigious Civil/Commercial Cases"includes uncontested payment orders, request for a change of name, divorce cases with mutual consent (for some legal systems), etc. Enforcement litigious cases (for example judicial appeal against deeds processed by a bailiff) are included in this category. If courts deal with such cases, please indicate the different case categories included.

 

The tables below shows if the data comply with the definition :Litigious Civil/Commercial Cases and Non-litigious Civil/Commercial Cases

 

ISO Country Letigius civil/commercial cases 
Not comply with definition
Letigius civil/commercial cases 
Non-Letigius civil/commercial cases 
Not comply with definition
Non-Letigius civil/commercial cases 
BE Belgium :   :  
BG Bulgaria YES   YES  
CZ Czechia NO All divorce cases are included in "Non-litigious" category NO All divorce cases are included in this category
DK Denmark YES   NO In general Yes. All divorce cases are considered litigious as we can't differentiate statistically between cases without conflict and cases with conflict
DE Germany :   :  
EE Estonia DON'T KNOW   DON'T KNOW  
IE Ireland :   :  
EL Greece YES   YES  
ES Spain YES   :  
FR France :   :  
HR Croatia YES   YES  
IT Italy YES   YES  
CY Cyprus :   :  
LV Latvia NO It is impossible to divide all Civil/Commercial Cases into Litigious and Non-litigious according to the  description of definitions given. For example Bankruptcy proceedings are not understood as litigious proceedings.  Insolvency - Bankruptcy cases are recorded in the Court Information System as Non-litigious cases in the same figures NO According to the Civil Law as well as data registration in the Court Information System are not relevant to the given definition: "Non-litigious Civil/Commercial cases" . The requests for a change of name or divorce cases with mutual consent. The categories of cases that are tried in a special legal order are: about adoption, on the limitation or cancellation of a person's legal capacity, on temporary guardianship of a person,  declaring a deceased person dead, finding facts of legal significance, cases arising from inheritance rights, cases concerning the activities of a bailiff or notary, insolvency cases, other Civil/ Commercial cases to be considered in particular in legal proceedings, for deprivation of citizenship, approval of the Orphan's court decision, recognition and enforcement of a foreign court decision, complaints about creditors' meeting decisions in insolvency cases, applications for claims security before lawsuit and provision of evidence, applications for arbitration's decisions forced execution, applications for property protection if not inheritance cases, applications related to execution of court decisions
LT Lithuania NO Data are not classified by this category NO Data are not classified by this category
LU Luxembourg :   :  
HU Hungary YES   YES  
MT Malta YES   YES  
NL Netherlands YES   YES  
AT Austria YES   YES  
PL Poland NO Any kind of dispute processed under a civil or commercial law NO Any kind of court case not included in "litigious civil/commercial cases"
PT Portugal NO Includes the case flow of civil justice, labour justice and juvenile justice. It does not include civil and labour enforcement cases  :  
RO Romania NO Excludes: Minors and family, Labor litigations, Intellectual property, Social insurance, Maritime and River litigations that are counted in ‘Other cases’  NO Excludes: Minors and family, Labor litigations, Intellectual property, Social insurance, Maritime and River litigations that are counted in ‘Other cases’  
SI Slovenia YES   YES  
SK Slovakia DON'T KNOW   DON'T KNOW  
FI Finland DON'T KNOW   DON'T KNOW  
SE Sweden YES   YES  
IS Iceland YES   DON'T KNOW  
LI Liechtenstein  :   :  
NO Norway :   :  
CH Switzerland  YES   YES  
ME Montenegro NO   YES  
MK North Macedonia :   :  
AL Albania YES   YES  
RS Serbia NO Bankruptcy proceedings are conducted separately by commericial courts, and they do not belong to litigation matter, but are added to this column. According to the Court Rules, the litigation of commercial courts consists of objects of privatization, status, banking, construction, authorial disputes, then disputes of industrial property, etc. NO Enforcement cases of basic and commercial courts  are recorded separately from non-litigious cases, but they are added to this column. Legacy cases of basic courts are included to this column
TR Turkey DON'T KNOW*   DON'T KNOW*  
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina  YES   YES  
XK Kosovo (under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99)  :   :  
UKC-L United Kingdom - England and Wales YES   YES  
UKM United Kingdom - Scotland :   :  
UKN United Kingdom - Northern Ireland YES   YES  

 :not applicable/not provided 

*last year reported

 

Criminal Cases

Definition:  Any cases processed under national criminal law

 

Administrative Cases

Definition: Any cases processed under national administrative law.

 

Other Cases

Definition: Any other cases processed under national law.

 

The tables below shows if the data comply with the definition :Criminal Cases, Administrative Cases and Other Cases 

ISO Country Criminal cases Not comply with definition
Criminal cases
Administrative cases  Not comply with definition
Administrative cases 
Other cases  Not comply with definition
Other cases
BE Belgium :   :   :  
BG Bulgaria YES   YES   YES  
CZ Czechia NO Only criminal offences (cases) are included YES   NO No cases on which data are provided fall into this category
DK Denmark YES   YES   YES  
DE Germany YES   NO The statistics on administrative courts contain general administrative areas. In addition in Germany there are two specialized administrative courts, a social court and a financial court. Both are reported as "other cases" NO In Germany there are two specialized administrative courts, a social court and a financial court. Both are reported as "other cases". In addition the category "other cases" contains data on labour courts. The category "other cases" do not cover military courts or supreme courts as there is no regular statistics available
EE Estonia YES   YES   YES  
IE Ireland :   :   :  
EL Greece YES   YES   DON'T KNOW  
ES Spain YES   YES   NO Labour cases had been included in this category
FR France :   :   :  
HR Croatia YES   YES   YES  
IT Italy YES   YES   YES  
CY Cyprus :   :   :  
LV Latvia YES   YES   YES  
LT Lithuania YES   YES   YES  
LU Luxembourg :   :   :  
HU Hungary YES   YES   YES  
MT Malta YES   :   :  
NL Netherlands YES   YES   NO Not available 
AT Austria YES   YES   DON'T KNOW  
PL Poland YES   YES   YES  
PT Portugal YES   YES   YES  
RO Romania YES   :   :  
SI Slovenia YES   YES   YES  
SK Slovakia YES   YES   YES  
FI Finland YES   YES   YES  
SE Sweden YES   YES   YES  
IS Iceland YES   :   :  
LI Liechtenstein  :   :   :  
NO Norway YES   :   :  
CH Switzerland  YES   YES   DON'T KNOW  
ME Montenegro YES   YES   YES  
MK North Macedonia :   :   :  
AL Albania YES   YES   YES  
RS Serbia YES   YES   YES  
TR Turkey YES   YES   DON'T KNOW  
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina  YES   YES   :  
XK Kosovo (under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99)  YES   YES   YES  
UKC-L United Kingdom  England and Wales YES   YES   YES  
UKM United Kingdom  Scotland YES   :   :  
UKN United Kingdom  Northern Ireland YES   YES   YES  

 : not applicable/not provided 

*last year reported

 

New cases initiated/submitted 

Definition: "New cases initiated/submitted" refers to the number of  proceedings initiated in court during the reporting period that were not already under consideration by the court in the previous reporting period.

 

Adjudicated cases

Definition: "Adjudicated cases" refers to the total number of proceedings finalised/disposed of by a court decision during the reporting period, whether through a decision on the merit, a withdrawal of the claim, a settlement or a rejection on formal grounds, and whether this decision is later upheld or not.

 

Pending cases

Definition: “Pending cases” refers to the total number of proceedings that are not finalised/disposed of as of 31 December.


The tables below shows if the data comply with the definition :New cases initiated/submittedAdjudicated cases and Pending cases

ISO Country New cases initiated/submitted  Adjudicated cases Pending cases 
BE Belgium : : :
BG Bulgaria YES YES YES
CZ Czechia YES YES YES
DK Denmark YES YES YES
DE Germany YES YES YES
EE Estonia YES YES YES
IE Ireland : : :
EL Greece YES YES YES
ES Spain YES YES YES
FR France : : :
HR Croatia NO
(If one case is in consideration in one reporting period and is upon appeal considered on higher instance court, and higher court abolishes that verdict, case gets new number when is back on first instance and it is considered as new case.)
YES YES
IT Italy YES YES YES
CY Cyprus : : :
LV Latvia YES NO
("Adjudicated cases" means not only  the number of cases finalised/disposed by a court , whether through a decision on the merit, a withdrawal of a claim, a settlement or rejection on formal grounds but impossible results of finalisation/disposition of cases according to national law including separation of court proceedings, merging of court proceedings and referral of the case to the pre-trial institutions for remedying deficiencies.)
YES
LT Lithuania YES YES YES
LU Luxembourg : : :
HU Hungary YES YES YES
MT Malta YES YES YES
NL Netherlands YES YES NO
AT Austria YES YES YES
PL Poland YES YES YES
PT Portugal YES YES YES
RO Romania YES YES YES
SI Slovenia YES YES

YES(i)

SK Slovakia YES YES YES
FI Finland YES YES YES
SE Sweden YES YES YES
IS Iceland : : :
LI Liechtenstein  : : :
NO Norway : : :
CH Switzerland  YES YES YES
ME Montenegro YES YES :
MK North Macedonia : : :
AL Albania YES YES YES
RS Serbia YES YES YES
TR Turkey YES YES YES
BA Bosnia and Herzegovina  YES YES YES
XK Kosovo (under United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99)  YES YES YES
UKC-L United Kingdom  England and Wales : : :
UKM United Kingdom  Scotland YES YES :
UKN United Kingdom  Northern Ireland YES YES YES

 : not applicable/not provided 

*last year reported

(i) SI: The reference date used for cases pending is 1st of September

 

Cases Brought to Court

Definition:  Number of proceedings initiated in court during the reporting period that were not already under consideration by the court in the previous reporting period.

 

Cases Resolved

Definition: Number of proceedings finalised/disposed of by a court decision during the reporting period, whether through a decision on the merit, a withdrawal of the claim, a settlement or a rejection on formal grounds, and whether this decision is later upheld or not.

 

Cases Pending

Definition:  Number of proceedings that are not finalized/disposed of as of 31 December.

 

Comments by countries -Persons acquitted 

 

DE: Source: Federal Statistical Office; Criminal Court Prosecution Statistics (Strafverfolgungsstatistik; Fachserie 10, Reihe 3; table 2.2; Rechtskräftig Abgeurteilte)

NL*: Data exclude legal entities

PL: Persons acquitted in the first instance

ES: The data is related to the total sentences of not guilty

RO: Source: Superior Council of Magistracy

 

Comments by countries -Persons convicted

DK*: Data for 2013-2015 are now inclusive convictions for violation of the road traffic act

The decrease in the stated number in convicted persons in 2015 and 2016 is due to a former inclusion of legal entities. They have now been excluded. NB: 1 male with unknown age in 2017

DE*:B Source: Federal Statistical Office; Criminal Court Prosecution Statistics (Strafverfolgungsstatistik; Fachserie 10, Reihe 3; table 1.1; Rechtskräftig Verurteilte)

NL*: Data exclude legal entities. Total includes persons with an unknown age. The figures on persons convicted proved to be incomplete. The figures on 2013-2015 are improved

IT: Provisional data

RO*: Source: Superior Council of Magistracy

SE: Only persons receiving a judicial decision

CH: For this data we only can consider the following laws: Criminal Code, Narcotics Act, Foreign Nationals and Integration Act, Road Traffic Act

UKC-L*: Includes not known

UKN*: Data from 2014 onwards are from different source and are not directly comparable with that provided for earlier years

 

Comments by countries related with table :Legal cases processed in first instance courts by legal status of the court process (Crime_crt_case) 

DE:

- Number of cases (INPUT): Civil/Commercial TOTAL  
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.1, Statistics on Civil Courts and Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.2, Statistics on Family Courts).
The method of collecting new cases has changed. Therefore figures for 2018 are not comparable to figures in previous years.

- Number of cases (INPUT): Criminal
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.3, Statistics on Criminal Courts).
The method of collecting new cases has changed. Therefore figures for 2018 are not comparable to figures in previous years.

- Number of cases (INPUT): Administrative
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.4, Statistics on Administrative Courts).
The method of collecting new cases has changed. Therefore figures for 2018 are not comparable to figures in previous years.

- Number of cases (INPUT): Other
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.5, Statistics on Financial Courts; Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.7, Statistics on Labour Courts; Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.8, Statistics on Social Courts).
The method of collecting new cases has changed. Therefore figures for 2018 are not comparable to figures in previous years.

- Number of cases (OUTPUT): Civil/Commercial TOTAL
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.1, Statistics on Civil Courts and Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.2, Statistics on Family Courts).

- Number of cases (OUTPUT): Criminal
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.3, Statistics on Criminal Courts).

- Number of cases (OUTPUT): Administrative
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.4, Statistics on Administrative Courts).

- Number of cases (OUTPUT): Other
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.5, Statistics on Financial Courts; Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.7, Statistics on Labour Courts; Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.8, Statistics on Social Courts).

- Number of cases (BACKLOG): Civil/Commercial TOTAL
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.1, Statistics on Civil Courts and Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.2, Statistics on Family Courts).

- Number of cases (BACKLOG): Criminal
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.3, Statistics on Criminal Courts).

- Number of cases (BACKLOG): Administrative
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.4, Statistics on Administrative Courts).

- Number of cases (BACKLOG): Other
Data Source: Federal Statistical Office (Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.5, Statistics on Financial Courts; Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.7, Statistics on Labour Courts; Fachserie 10, Reihe 2.8, Statistics on Social Courts).

EE: Number of cases (INPUT): Other Cases concerning misdemeanours.

LV: Number of cases (INPUT): Other "Other cases" are the cases submitted in the courts according to the Latvian Administrative Violations Code See: https://likumi.lv/ta/en/en/id/89648-latvian-administrative-violations-code

Number of cases (BACKLOG): Civil/Commercial TOTAL  After reviewing the data, it was discovered that  the data on number of pending cases recorded in the courts joint in the course of judicial reform (cases transferred to remaining courts) previously  had been included.

PT: Number of cases (INPUT): Administrative. This category includes the administrative and tax cases. 

Number of cases (INPUT): Other This category includes appeal offence proceeding cases and other cases of the criminal area, labour criminal  justice cases and military justice cases.

The distribution of the number of cases for the different items was amended to ensure the responses are homogeneous with those adopted in the CEPEJ Questionnaire.                  

Number of cases (OUTPUT): Administrative. This category includes the administrative and tax cases. 

Number of cases (OUTPUT): Other This category includes appeal offence proceeding cases and other cases of the criminal area, labour criminal  justice cases and military justice cases.

The distribution of the number of cases for the different items was amended to ensure the responses are homogeneous with those adopted in the CEPEJ Questionnaire.                  

Number of cases (BACKLOG): Administrative . This category includes the administrative and tax cases. 

Number of cases (BACKLOG): Other This category includes appeal offence proceeding cases and other cases of the criminal area, labour criminal  justice cases and military justice cases.

The distribution of the number of cases for the different items was amended to ensure the responses are homogeneous with those adopted in the CEPEJ Questionnaire.                  

RO: Number of cases (INPUT): Civil/Commercial TOTAL   Source: Superior Council of Magistracy

TR: Number of cases (INPUT): Criminal   It includes the number of cases (including reversal) in civil courts during the year.

Number of cases (INPUT): Administrative "It includes the number of cases (including reversal) in civil courts during the year.

With the establishment of the Courts of Appeal on 20 July 2016, the Regional Administrative Courts are not included under the first degree. For this reason, the data in 2017-2018 do not include the Regional Administrative Courts."

3.5. Statistical unit

There are three different statistical units:

  • Offence: reported criminal act
  • Case: criminal trial, and other types of court hearings
  • People, depending on the stype of statistics: employees, victims, offenders, suspects, prosecuted, convicted, prisoners

The following list shows the statistical unit for court processes database table:

 
Label Code Unit
Legal cases processed in first instance courts by legal status of the court process crim_crt_case  case
Persons brought before criminal courts by legal status of the court process crim_crt_per  people
3.6. Statistical population

For administrative data, the statistical population for each statistic is the complete register (all the relevant records). The group of individuals depends on the type of unit (see 3.5).

For people, all relevant ages and nationalities are usually counted.

3.7. Reference area

European Union Member States, EFTA countries Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, EU Candidate countries Montenegro, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Albania, Turkey, Serbia, and the EU Potential Candidate countries Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo.

Certain territories are excluded and more details are provided in metadata attached to Crime and Criminal Justice (crim) database section 10.6.

3.8. Coverage - Time

The current tables are available  from 2008 onwards.

3.9. Base period

Publications 2008 – 2018 used 2008 as base year.


4. Unit of measure Top
  • Absolute number.
  • Rate by 100.000 population size.

 Population size defined as resident population January 1st according to Eurostat database population figures.


5. Reference Period Top

Crime offences - the standard reference period is the calendar year.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

The 2004 Hague Programme November: Strengthening freedom, justice and security in the European Union.

The Hague Programme, OJ C 53 of 3.3.2005, p.11 at

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52005XG0303(01)

 

The 2009 Stockholm Programme: An open and secure Europe serving and protecting citizens.

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:C:2010:115:SOM:EN:HTML

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not applicable.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics (recital 24 and Article 20(4)) of 11 March 2009 (OJ L 87, p. 164), stipulates the need to establish common principles and guidelines ensuring the confidentiality of data used for the production of European statistics and the access to those confidential data with due account for technical developments and the requirements of users in a democratic society.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not applicable.


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

In general, data are released approximately 18 months after the reference year.

8.2. Release calendar access

Not applicable.

8.3. Release policy - user access

In line with the Community legal framework and the European Statistics Code of Practice Eurostat disseminates European statistics on Eurostat's website (see item 10 - 'Accessibility and clarity') respecting professional independence and in an objective, professional and transparent manner in which all users are treated equitably. The detailed arrangements are governed by the Eurostat protocol on impartial access to Eurostat data for users.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Annual.


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Ad hoc news releases 2-3 times per year.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

"Crime and Criminal Justice" - Statistics Explained  published on February 2020

 Publication Crime section - http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/crime/publications

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Tables are available on-line in Eurostat webpage  Crime Database  and are updated annually. 

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Statistics Explained articles.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Each country determines the methodology and is responsible for its documentation and  which authority or statistical office that should collect, check, and send data and documentation.

Geographical coverage 
Methodological rules – Stage of data collection 
Methodological rules – Counting unit 
Methodological rules – Use of Principal Offence Rule
Methodological rules – Counting of persons for multiple (serial) offences of the same type
Methodological rules – Counting the same person multiple times in the same year
Methodological rules – Adult and juvenile age thresholds

  • EU guidelines for the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes — 2017 edition  This booklet presents the structure of the ICCS, its classification principles and its relations to existing classifications, to facilitate the implementation of the ICCS. It provides a brief overview of concrete organizational and technical tasks for a successful implementation of the ICCS at the national level, which should engage all crime data users and data providers. In addition, an implementation strategy through the creation of a correspondence table, a tabulation of all offence categories in the ICCS linked to all offences on the national level, is briefly described.
  • Monitoring EU crime policies using the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purposes (ICCS) This publication is the second in a series of Eurostat booklets to support the implementation of the ICCS, with the first booklet providing general remarks, a roadmap for the implementation as well as translations of ICCS category titles in all official EU languages. The overall purpose of this second booklet is to describe how the specific criminal offences defined in the legislation passed at EU level should be mapped to the ICCS. For these offences, a common approach towards the alignment with the ICCS needs to be developed, where possible, to ensure that all EU Member States treat these offences consistently when applying the ICCS at national level. 
10.7. Quality management - documentation

Not applicable.


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Data are provided to Eurostat by a contact designated by each country. Notably, this contact can be another authority than the national statistical office. Each country determine its own procedures for gathering data from several different authorities (  see metadata attached to Crime and Criminal Justice (crim) database point 10.6 ).

11.2. Quality management - assessment

No assessment has been made.


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

The need to provide information on the development of crime in the European Union was recognised in the Hague Programme adopted by the European Council in 2004.

Some EU institutional users communicate statistical needs to Eurostat on a regular basis.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

No user satisfaction survey has been done .

12.3. Completeness

Data is missing for some countries, for some or all years, in nearly all tables, for all types of statistics.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

Principally, courts statistics indicates the registration and handling of cases by courts.

Relative to the administrative data used, the accuracy is largely unknown.

Relative to total crime occurrence, it is generally considered that administrative crime statistics is less accurate.

13.2. Sampling error

Not applicable - data are from administrative records.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Data from administrative records are likely to contain some random errors (mistakes) as well as systematic errors (bias).


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

 Data for the reference year 2018 was published in July 2020.

14.2. Punctuality

No delay in 2020.  


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Comparability is affected by many factors, such as differences in:

  • Legal system and criminal justice system
  • Legislation, criminal law and legal definitions
  • Organisation and efficiency of police, prosecution, courts and prisons
  • Recording stage, input-,  process- or output data
  • Recording system, reporting system, and production system
  • Relation between national crime definition and international statistical definition
  • Statistical unit and statistical population
  • Statistical definition, reference time, counting methods and calculation methods
  • Reporting rate for the crime
15.2. Comparability - over time

See the list of factors in 15.1. Changes in any of the factors can affect the comparability over time.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not examined.

15.4. Coherence - internal

The internal coherence of the data is checked with basic validation rules (see section 18.4. Data validation). Figures for categories may not add up to the total, because information for some categories is missing.


16. Cost and Burden Top

Not estimated.


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

Revisions to the data are possible at any time, but only based on new data received from national contact.

17.2. Data revision - practice

Revisions are incorporated into the database after being confirmed by national contact.


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Data source: courts

The source data type is records in administrative registers.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual.

18.3. Data collection

Since their data requests largely overlap, Eurostat cooperates with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.  Eurostat forward the United Nations request (Survey on Crime Trends), with the addition of the European Union request, to EU Member States, EFTA Countries, EU Candidate Countries, and EU Potential Candidates. In each country, figures from different authorities are collected into one file. The files are sent to Eurostat by a common procedure, the electronic Data file Administration and Management Information System.

18.4. Data validation

The data are checked for completeness, internal consistency, and consistency over time and coherence with other relevant data sources. For internal consistency the following are checked:

- The sum of the subtotals (e.g. men and women) to the total.

- Large revisions (new figures for earlier years)

- Large variation between years

- Large change from previous to current reference year- Inconsistencies between data and metadata

Any issue revealed by the checking is pointed out to the national contact, by email. The national contact may either confirm the validity of data or send new data. No editing, estimation, imputation, weighting, seasonal adjustment, or other statistical modifications are carried out by Eurostat.

18.5. Data compilation

EU totals are not published in the database.

18.6. Adjustment

No adjustments are made.


19. Comment Top

None.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top