Greenhouse gas emissions in ESD sectors (t2020_35)

ESMS Indicator Profile (ESMS-IP)

Compiling agency: Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Relevance
4. Statistical Indicator
5. Frequency and Timeliness of dissemination
6. Coverage and comparability
7. Accessibility and clarity
8. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
Eurostat Quality Profile
4.5. Source data

EEA (UNFCCC reporting)

5.1. Frequency of dissemination Every year
5.2. Timeliness T+2 years
6.1. Reference area All EU MS
6.2. Comparability - geographical All EU MS
6.3. Coverage - Time > 10 years
6.4. Comparability - over time > 4 data points

Description of Eurostat quality grading system under the following link.

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union

1.2. Contact organisation unit

E2: Environmental statistics and accounts; sustainable development

1.5. Contact mail address

e-mail contact :

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 04/06/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 04/06/2018
2.3. Metadata last update 04/06/2018

3. Relevance Top

Indicator is one of the headline indicators of the EU 2020 strategy. It is used to monitor progress towards the EU's target of 'reducing the GHG emissions by at least 20 % compared with 1990 levels' by 2020.

The Energy Union supports the shift towards a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy to achieve sustainable growth through their legal frameworks and related initiatives (see above under sustainable development goal no 7). Relevant legislations have been proposed to support these policies. Most importantly, the European Council has agreed on three key targets for the year 2030: at least 40 % cuts in greenhouse gas emissions (from 1990 levels), at least 27 % share for renewable energy and at least 27 % improvement in energy efficiency. The European Commission has proposed to increase the energy efficiency target to 30 %.
With transport being one of the key sectors to meet the EU’s commitments under the Paris agreement, the European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility makes an important contribution to reducing GHG emissions in this sector. Furthermore, the EU plans on Accelerating Clean Energy Innovation to facilitate the clean energy transition through targeted research and innovation.

Furthermore the indicator is part of the EU Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) indicator set. It is used to monitor progress towards Goal 13 on climate action.

4. Statistical Indicator Top
4.1. Data description

The indicator calculation is based on the emissions covered under the Effort Sharing Decision (406/2009/EC). The Effort Sharing Decision sets national annual binding targets for emissions not covered under the EU emission trading scheme (ETS). The ESD emissions are calculated by deducting ETS verified emissions, CO2 emissions from domestic aviation and NF3 emissions from national total emissions. Total emissions are national totals reported under the UNFCCC (excluding LULUCF, international aviation and international maritime transport). For the period 2005-2012, additional emission estimates are deducted in order to reflect the current scope of the EU ETS, following the European Environment Agency methodology for calculating consistent time series.

4.2. Unit of measure

million tonnes CO2 equivalent and EU Effort Sharing Decision base year = 100

4.3. Reference Period

Calendar year.

4.4. Accuracy - overall

Indicator from non-ESS source. For assessment of accuracy please refer to the original source (see link to external data source and metadata in section “Annexes”).

4.5. Source data

EEA (UNFCCC reporting)

Data source: EEA, Reporting under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC reporting)

Data provider: European Environment Agency (EEA), based on data from covered countries.

5. Frequency and Timeliness of dissemination Top
5.1. Frequency of dissemination

Every year

The indicator is updated annually.

5.2. Timeliness

T+2 years

New data points are disseminated within two years after the reference year.

6. Coverage and comparability Top
6.1. Reference area


Data are presented for all EU Member States.

6.2. Comparability - geographical


Data comparable between all EU Member States.

6.3. Coverage - Time

> 10 years

Presented time series starts in year 2005.

6.4. Comparability - over time

> 4 data points

Length of comparable time series without methodological break is longer than 4 data points.

7. Accessibility and clarity Top
7.1. Dissemination format - Publications

Analysis of the indicator is presented in Eurostat's annual monitoring report on the Europe 2020 strategy 'Smarter, greener, more inclusive? - Indicators to support the Europe 2020 strategy'.

7.2. Dissemination format - online database

See table t2020_35

7.3. Dissemination format - other

Europe 2020 strategy website:

8. Comment Top

Copyrights: Eurostat Copyright/Licence Policy is applicable.

Related metadata Top
env_air_gge_esms - Greenhouse gas emissions by source sector (source: EEA)

Annexes Top
National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism
EEA greenhouse gas - data viewer