Turnover in services (sts_os_t)

National Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB).

Time Dimension: 2017-A0

Data Provider: LV1


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Central Statistical Bureau of Latvia (CSB).

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Business Statistical Department, Trade and Services statistical section.

1.5. Contact mail address

Lacplesa Street 1, Riga, LV-1301

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 27/04/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 27/04/2018
2.3. Metadata last update 27/04/2018

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Other services turnover index at current prices (120).
The purpose of the survey is to provide data for the calculation of STS indicators and for the National Accounts for the calculation of GDP. The index is calculated using data from the monthly surveys on turnover (“2–apgrozījums”, "4-apgrozījums").  The turnover index data are presented in the folowing form:

  • Unadjusted;
  • Calendar adjusted;
  • Seasonally adjusted.
3.2. Classification system

Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE Rev.2).

3.3. Coverage - sector

The survey covers Divisions 45, 46, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, Sections H, I, J, L and N of NACE Rev. 2.

The cut-off threshold is set:

  • Annual turnover of the enterprise is less than EUR 4500;


  • In specific activity groups - smallest enterprises turnover share in total turnover is less than 0.2%.

Enterprises under the cut-off threshold are not included in the sampling frame.

Enterprise size groups by turnover are defined different in each defined activity group.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Main concept is turnover.

The objective of the turnover index is to show the development of the market for goods and services.
Turnover comprises the totals invoiced by the observation unit during the reference period, and this corresponds to market sales of goods or services supplied to third parties. Turnover also includes all other charges (transport, packaging, etc.) passed on to the customer, even if these charges are listed separately in the invoice.

Turnover excludes VAT and other similar deductible taxes directly linked to turnover as well as all duties and taxes on the goods or services invoiced by the unit.

Detailed definition of turnover is described in Commission Regulation No.1503/2006.

3.5. Statistical unit


3.6. Statistical population

The target population covers economically active enterprises from NACE Rev.2  Divisions  45, 46, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, Section H, I, J, L, N.

The sampling frame is made from Statistical Business Register and consists of economically active enterprises during the year 2016. The sampling frame is updated for every reference period by adding new enterprises.

The number of enterprises surveyed for year 2017 – 4380 enterprises.

Sampling frame size
3.7. Reference area


3.8. Coverage - Time

Time series for this indicator according to NACE Rev. 2 are available from 2000.

3.9. Base period

Year 2015=100.

4. Unit of measure Top

Indices (%).

5. Reference Period Top

Month (from 2015)

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Official Statistics Law adopted by Saeima on 4 June 2015, is the legal base of all statistics.

The questionnaire is adopted by the Rules of Cabinet of Minister of the Republic of Latvia No 922 of 6 November 2006.

Rules of Cabinet of Minister of the Republic of Latvia No 750 of 22 December 2015 concerning to National Statistical Information program for the year 2016.

COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 1165/98 of 19 May 1998 concerning short-term statistics.

REGULATION (EC) No 1158/2005 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 6 July 2005 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1165/98 concerning short-term statistics.

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1503/2006 of 28 September 2006 implementing and amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1165/98 concerning short-term statistics as regards definitions of variables, list of variables and frequency of data compilation.

REGULATION (EC) No 1893/2006 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 20 December 2006 establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3037/90 as well as certain EC Regulations on specific statistical domains.

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 472/2008 of 29 May 2008 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 1165/98 concerning short-term statistics as regards the first base year to be applied for time series in NACE Revision 2 and, for time series prior to 2009 to be transmitted according to NACE Revision 2, the level of detail, the form, the first reference period, and the reference period.

REGULATION (EC) No 223/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 11 March 2009 on European statistics and repealing Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1101/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities, Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 on Community Statistics, and Council Decision 89/382/EEC, Euratom establishing a Committee on the Statistical Programmes of the European Communities.

The business units are obliged to provide the data according to the Statistics Law. Fines can be given in case of non-response.

Statistics Law
6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

No data transmitted to other international organizations, except EUROSTAT.

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Confidentiality of the information provided by respondents is protected by Section 17 of the Official Statistics Law stipulating rights and obligations of the Central Statistical Bureau and other state authorities producing official statistics.

From January 2016  the new Statistics Law entered into force, which is adopted by Saeima on 4 June 2015. Statistics Law is available on CSB homepage (only in Latvian now).

The policy of data protection and dissemination has been described in Section 5 of „Quality Guidelines of the CSB”, available at CSB homepage.

Statistics Law (English version)
Quality guidelines
7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Data are published only at a level of activity at which it is not confidential. Confidential data is not given to users.

Data are confidential if (primary criteria for determining confidentiality):

  • A summary score derived from one two or three statistical units (enterprises);
  • Share of the one statistical unit (enterprise) is 80% or more;
  • Share of the summary from two statistical units (enterprise) is 90% or more.

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

Release calendar is publicly accessible on the CSB website. The data are published within one month after the end of the reference period. The data are released simultaneously to all interested parties by issuing a press release at 13.00 o'clock of the local time. 

Turnover indices of service enterprise of the 1st quarter 2017 are published at 30.05.2017.

Turnover indices of service enterprise of the 2nd quarter 2017 are published at 30.08.2017.

Turnover indices of service enterprise of the 3rd quarter 2017  are published at 30.11.2017.

Turnover indices of service enterprise of the 4th quarter 2017 are published at 28.02.2018.

8.2. Release calendar access

Release calendar is available on the CSB's Internet website.

Release calendar
8.3. Release policy - user access

The users are informed in homepage about latest information published in the database.

Data is transmitted to Eurostat on the same day that the data are published in CSB databases, 60 days after the reference period.

Latest news on CSB homepage

9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Divisions 55 and 56 (month)

Divisions 45 and 46 (month in internet database of CSB Latvia; quarter for Eurostat)

Other NACE divisions (quarter)

10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Not available.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Information on turnover indices of service enterprises is available on the CSB homepage database under section Industry, Construction, Trade and Services.

Data are comparable since 2000. Turnover indices are at current prices and calculated in the form of non-adjusted, seasonally adjusted and calendar adjusted data.

The indexes are calculated every quarter:

- Against previous quarter;

- Against corresponding period of previous year;

- Against average quarterly turnover of 2015;

CSB Database
10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not available.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Information on turnover indices of service enterprises is available in the homepage of Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) in section: Database/Short-term business statistics/Trade and Services.

Eurostat database
10.6. Documentation on methodology

A methodological description of the survey and data is available on the web site under section Trade and Services.

Methodology of turnover indices of service enterprises
10.7. Quality management - documentation

The CSB has developed and introduced Project Documentation System where all statistical products - surveys and calculations are described by its production processes. These national standartized quality reports are published in CSB webpage only in Latvian.

National standartized quality reports
Project Documentation System

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Peer review is an assessment of the statistical systems of the EU Member States in compliance with the principles of the European Statistics Code of Practise (hereinafter – the Code).

In September 2014 group of the EU experts (representatives from EU countries and Eurostat, the Statistical Office of the European Communities) visited Latvia with the aim to investigate the situation in the statistical domain in the country and to evaluate the performance of the CSB in particular.

During the course of the peer review experts met with management and staff of the CSB, representatives of other institutions, as well as key data users, mass media and respondents. The outcome of the mission is a report that gives an evaluation in the following principles of the Code: professional Independence, mandate for data collection, adequacy of resources, quality commitment, statistical confidentiality, impartiality and objectivity, accessibility and clarity. The Peer Review reports and information on other Code practice activities is available on the CSB homepage.

Code of Practice Activities
11.2. Quality management - assessment

The quality of statistics is assessed according to five quality criteria: relevance, accuracy, timeliness and punctuality, accessibility and clarity, comparability.
The quality indicators are calculated taking into account Eurostat defined methodology for the calculation of the Quality indicators and documented into Project's Documentation System.

Every quarter on the documentation system for the survey and calculation are completed fields of relevance, accuracy and reliability, timeliness and punctuality, comparability, coherence. 

Project Documentation System

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Data of services turnover index for users is available on the CSB data base. The data are updated every quarter. The main users are: EUROSTAT, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finance, Bank of Latvia, European Central Bank, Students, Media, enterprises, Macroeconomic Statistics Department Quarterly National Account section (internal user).

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

The user satisfaction was conducted in 2012. More than 85% of the respondents had described CSB products and services positively and were satisfied with them. The more detailed information from the satisfaction survey could be found on the CSB website (see link).

There are also regular contacts with the main users, in order to indicate any specific information may be need.

User Satisfaction Survey
12.3. Completeness

Statistics on services turnover index is available on a quarterly basis in accordance with the Regulation No.1165/98 requirements.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

The sampling error in the data is small.

13.2. Sampling error

Cut-off survey with census stratum was used.
Smallest units (about 25% of population) with total yearly turnover contribution to the total turnover of the corresponding economic activity domain less than 0.2% and units with yearly turnover less than 4500 euro were cut off.
Coefficients of variation are calculated for the total turnover and for the main aggregates of turnover. 
Coefficients of variation are given as a percentage.
See attached annex – coefficients of variation.

Coefficients of variation
13.3. Non-sampling error

The response rate is around 91%.

Data can be submitted electronically (used by 90% of the respondents), and by phone, fax or mail.

At the time when data are provided to Eurostat and published nationally the response rate is the same.

For increasing the response rate there is an e-mail reminder of non-respondents as well as a telephone follow up.

Missing data imputation is used to compensate the non-response of the large enterprices. VAT data or the previous period data corrected with the average growth rate in the activity concerned are applied for imputation.

VAT data was used for about 24% of all enterprices in the sample for planned imputation in year 2017.

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

The services turnover index is published 60 days after the end of the reference quarter.

The monthly data for NACE Rev. 2 Division 45, 46 and Section I is ready 60 days after the reference month.

14.2. Punctuality

The data was published according to CSB working plan and sent to Eurostat in accordance with deadlines.

Data published according to schedule 100%.

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

For the whole Latvian territory the same statistical concepts are applied.

Statistical information is prepared according to requirements of short terms statistics regulations.

15.2. Comparability - over time

The index of services turnover is comparable since year 2000.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

When yearly statistics are available the cross-checking with the yearly data is done. Correction in STS is done only if the discrepancies with yearly data are significant. Comparisons are made with other quarterly surveys. Confrontation is made also with the administrative data from the State Revenue Service.

15.4. Coherence - internal

The aggregates are consistent with their main sub-aggregates each quarter.

16. Cost and Burden Top

In Latvia statistical questionnaires contain a question about the time it took respondents to fill in the questionnaire. According to the results in 2017, the annual average burden in hours worked is 1.17 hours per respondent or totally 7726 hours for all enterprises in. 

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

CSB Revision policy has been laid down in accordance with the European Union and international recommendations and good practice.

Basically, the CSB statistical data are revised in accordance with the scheduled revision cycle and plan, accumulating the information obtained after publication term regarding errors in data sources or calculations till the following scheduled data publication date, thus avoiding too frequent data revisions.

Exceptional data revisions are rare and only in cases when the revision volume according to the evaluation of the CSB experts affects the quality of other statistical data.

Within the context of trade and services statistics routine revisions of statistical data concern:

- Further revision of the published data, adding revised or more detailed information;

  • Example: when publishing the data on other services turnover in 2nd quarter indices on 1st quarter are revised, because respondents, reports received from which were imputed in 1st quarter, have submitted reports on or have made corrections in reports on previous period (1st quarter).

- Revision of the published data, using the seasonal adjustment method;

  • Example: as the data on new period are added, the seasonally or working day adjusted services turnover index may change every month, because mathematical programme recalculates all previous periods of the time series.

- Revision of the published data in accordance with the changes in methodology or classifications.

  • Example: Other services turnover index data series were changed in January 2009, due to the introduction of the NACE Rev. 2.

 Revision policy is available on the CSB website.

Data revision policy
17.2. Data revision - practice

Non-adjusted data could be revised in the next publication. In case of significant changes revision may be made for all previous periods.

Data of calendar adjusted, seasonally adjusted and trend are revised till year 2000.

Major methodological changes are discussed with all involved decision making bodies in advance and announced simultaneously.

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Data of other services turnover index are collected from Statistical surveys on turnover (2-apgrozijums and 4-apgrozijums).  Central Statistical Bureau Statistical Business Register (SBR) information is used for designing sampling frame.

A new sample's drawn every year.

The sample is constructed as a stratified simple random sample. In order to divide enterprises into strata the following criteriaare taken into account:

  • The enterprise turnover;
  • The activity of the enterprise (NACE Rev.2).

There are approximately 40700 enterprises in the sample frame after cut-off. The sample covers approximately 11% of the sample frame. The larger the enterprise is the greater the possibility for it to be included into the sample.

18.2. Frequency of data collection


18.3. Data collection

The monthly questionnaire on enterprise turnover “2-turnover” (2-apgrozijums) is used for data collection in NACE  Sections H (49, 50, 51, 52, 53), I (55, 56), J (58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63), L (68) and N (77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82) and Divisions 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74.

The monthly questionnaire on enterprise turnover “4-turnover (4-apgrozijums)” is used for services turnover data collection in NACE Divisions 45 and 46.

Data are collected mainly using electronic questionnaires (online survey). A small part of data is collected by phone or mail. 

Non-responding units are contacted by e-mail or phone and can be sanctioned.

The CSB has the main program used for data entering, processing with automatic control and validation tools -ISDMS (Integrated Statistical data management system). There is an opportunity in ISDMS system to send a reminder e-mail to all enterprises that haven’t submitted data.  As well for increasing response rate the respondents are re-contacted by e-mail or phone.

18.4. Data validation

The CSB has the main program used for data entering, processing with automatic control and validation tools - ISDMS (Integrated Statistical Data Management System). The electronic form of questionnaire contains built-in logical controls that draw respondent's attention to possible errors. Data received via electronic questionnaire are further validated by statisticians, using built-in logical controls. When the ISDMS software indicates a possible error, statistician request the respondent to confirme or to correct data.  

The data are compared with the previous period and the same period with the previous year. The data are compared also with available data (financial and other surveys), administrative data from State Revenue Service. The STS data are compared with SBS data as well.

18.5. Data compilation

The data for large non-respondent enterprises are imputed using administrative source from State Tax revenue service data, if available. VAT data was used for about 24% of all enterprices in the sample for planned imputation in year 2017. Non-response of other enterprises is treated by adjusting the weights for grossing-up.

The results are grossed up. The grossing up is made from the units having responded to the population. The grossing coefficients are calculated as the ratio of the number of enterprises in the population to the number of respondents in each stratum.
The grossed up data are used for the calculation of indices.

The indices are calculated from the turnover in current prices, non-adjusted, seasonally adjusted and working day adjusted, the trend is also calculated.

18.6. Adjustment

Description of the seasonally and working day adjusted data is attached as annex - Seasonal adjustment _other services turnover index.

SA _45_55_55
SA _other services

19. Comment Top


Related metadata Top

Annexes Top