Structural business statistics (sbs)

National Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic

Time Dimension: 2015-A0

Data Provider: SK1

Data Flow: SBS_ESMS_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Business Statistics Section

1.5. Contact mail address

Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, Mileticova 3, 824 67, Bratislava, Slovak Republic


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 30/04/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 30/04/2018
2.3. Metadata last update 09/04/2019


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Structural business statistics (SBS) describes the structure, conduct and performance of economic activities, down to the most detailed activity level (several hundred economic sectors).

SBS covers all activities of the non-financial business economy with the exception of agricultural activities and personal services. Limited information is available on banking, insurance and pension funds.

 Main characteristics (variables) of the SBS data category:

  • Business demographic variables (e.g. Number of enterprises)
  • "Output related" variables (e.g. Turnover, Value added)
  • "Input related" variables: labour input (e.g. Employment, Hours worked); goods and services input (e.g. Total of purchases); capital input (e.g. Material investments)
3.2. Classification system

Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE): NACE Rev.1 was used until 2001, NACE Rev. 1.1 since 2002, and NACE Rev 2 is used from 2008 onwards. Key data were double reported in NACE Rev.1.1 and NACE Rev.2 for 2008. From 2009 onwards, only NACE Rev.2 data are available.

The regional breakdown of the EU Member States is based on the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). Detailed information about the consecutive NUTS Regulations can be found at Eurostat's website

The product breakdown is based on the Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) as stated in the Regulation establishing CPA 2008 and its amending  Commission Regulation (EU) No 1209/2014  (from reference year 2015 onwards)

3.3. Coverage - sector

The SBS coverage was limited to Sections C to K of NACE Rev.1.1 until 2007. Starting from the reference year 2008 data is available for Sections B to N and Division S95 of NACE Rev.2. With 2013 as the first reference year information is published on NACE codes K6411, K6419 and K65 and its breakdown.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The statistical characteristics are defined in Annex I of Commission Regulation (EC) No 250/2009

3.5. Statistical unit

The statistical information system of the SO SR is based on three basic types of statistical units:

  • enterprise; In Slovak Republic the enterprise nearly always equals to one legal or physical unit in line with the practices mentioned in explanatory note mentioned in CR 696/93.
  • establishment; in our conditions it is a unit very similar to local kind-of-activity unit (defined in the file of large enterprises with 20 and more employees). Data series 2D and 4D are compiled using this statistical unit.
  • local unit; the definition is fully compatible with the definition in CR (EEC) No 696/93.
3.6. Statistical population

The reporting units are residents at the territory of the Slovak Republic and provide data on their domestic activities and activities abroad, if the activities carried out are of a subject of the tax and other duties in relation to Slovak legislation.

3.7. Reference area

All regions of the Slovak Republic are covered by the survey. 

3.8. Coverage - Time

1995-2015

For further details on length of comparable time series please refer to 15.2

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top
  • Number of enterprises and number of local units are expressed in units.
  • Monetary data are expressed in millions of €.
  • Employment variables are expressed in units.
  • Per head values are expressed in thousands of € per head.

Ratios are expressed in percentages.


5. Reference Period Top

Data refers to the calendar year, whih mostly corresponds to the fiscal year.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Year 1995 was the first year for the implementation of the Council Regulation No 58/97 (SBS Regulation).

The Council Regulation No 58/97 has been amended three times: by Council Regulation No 410/98, Commission Regulation No 1614/2002 and European Parliament and Council Regulation No 2056/2002. As a new amendment of the basic Regulation it was decided to recast the Regulation No 58/97 in order to obtain a new "clean" legal text. The European Parliament and Council Regulation No 295/2008 was adopted on 14/02/2008 and the provisions of this Regulation are applicable from the reference year 2008. Regulation No 295/2008 has been amended by Commission Regulation (EU) No 446/2014.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not applicable.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Confidentiality of statistical data is laid down in act No. 540/2001 Coll. On state Statistics, as amended, § 30.

Instructions and guidelines are provided in internal directive SME – 1/2015 - Directive on confidentiality data protection complemented by Methodological guideline MET-1/2013. Directive contains general issues related to the confidentiality, while the methodological guideline is focused on concrete methods and parameter values used in the phase of confidentiality treatment of particular statistical surveys results and data files.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

The primary and secondary confidentiality data treatment is applied. Confidential data are defined as follows:

- less than 3 enterprises in the aggregate
- dominance of one enteprise in the aggregate is more than 90%
 


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

The Catalogue of publications is released every year and contains information on particular publications, periodicity and dates of release.

8.2. Release calendar access

Catalogue of Publications

8.3. Release policy - user access

Internet portal and online databases of the SOSR are updated in accordance with Principles of Release Policy and Provision of Statistical Information.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Annual


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

The specific data on particular branch statistics coming out from annual structural surveys are disseminated in line with the Marketing plan and Catalogue of publications issued by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic (yearly around T +12 month). These disseminated data are mostly more detailed than the SBS variables

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

"Statistical Yearbook of the Slovak Republic"

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

Public databases:

Selected indicators of structural business statistics by economic activities 

 

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Micro-data are not disseminated.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

National Bank of Slovakia and other significant users define their on specific requests.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Metadata for selected indicators are disseminated in SDDS structure. Dissemination of metadata for other indicators will be solved by implementation of Methodical directive for production of harmonised metadata being in preparation.

Metadata are updated in public databases according to methodical directives for database Slovstat. The update of metadata disseminated in databases as well as of metadata on portal is conducted according to the annual time tables of updating; they are submitted to top management meeting for approval.

Each publication contains an introduction concerning methodological notes and contact for the information service. On the website of the SOSR there is available:

— Information on methodology is presented in SOSR portal in the section Metadata of particular statistical branches

— Statistical questionnaires forms in national version including methodological notes;

— Methodological sheets (descriptions of statistical indicators in detail) in national version

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Technical projects of statistical surveys and methodological directives on Quality indicators of statistical outputs and processes (MET-2/2012) and Application of mathematical-statistical methods for statistical surveys (MET-3/2012) are available for statistical data production.

The quality reports will be integrated into the new integrated stat. information system - ISIS (which is being implemented at present) and into the updated internal directives on value-adding processes, selfassessments of stat. surveys and methodological audits (in preparation), incl. analysis and reporting of the results are being integrated into the existing QMS system


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Quality policy is defined and made available to the public in documents:

Quality declaration and Quality policy.The SOSR high level statements highlight customer orientation and quality of the SOSR products and services; this is then reflected in the development strategy of the SOSR for the given period of time in: Vision, mission, common shared values.

Quality Manual is covering all elements of the ISO 9001:2008 standard.

There are defined internal directives related to the value adding processes supported by supporting managerial processes and by supporting resource processes.

European Statistics Code of Practice is the backbone of the whole QMS.

Quality policy of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic

Quality Declaration of SO SR

Quality objectives of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic

11.2. Quality management - assessment

At present the technical projects are elaborated for each statistical survey including all necessary issues related to data entry, data completeness and statistical controls. This process is organised by specialised regional offices of the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The cross-checking is done in the context of the statistical control process. A comparison with the development in previous periods is done.

The quality reports will be integrated into the new integrated stat. information system - ISIS (which is being implemented at present) and into the updated internal directives on value-adding processes, selfassessments of stat. surveys and methodological audits (in preparation), incl. analysis and reporting of the results are being integrated into the existing QMS system.

Regarding the results of particular data production processes the overall quality of the SBS indicators are considered to be very good.


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Each questionnaire contains an introduction concerning the reference to the statistical law and confidentiality issues. The Act 540 of November 29, 2001 on state statistics, Part 5 Dissemination of statistical information in Articles 29 and 30, institutes obligation to maintain confidentiality and confidentiality data protection. It is available also on the website in Slovak and in English, free of charge. The information service of the SOSR also provides users with this information on request, free of charge.

Users are consulted:

- In accordance with internal directives on Value adding processes, part Communication with users;

- Via Survey on satisfaction of users with products and services of the SO SR, in two-year periodicity;

- Via conduct of activities focussing on learning about expectations of key users and on supporting better interpretation and better use of statistical products (action programe defined by the development strategy of the SOSR and reflected in Marketing plan for respective year)); the activities are evaluated in annual Evaluation of Marketing plan; document Overview of activities focussing on learning about expectation of key users and on supporting better interpretation and better use of statistical products

-  Via  meetings with users conducted in accordance with the action programme defined by the development strategy of the SOSR and reflected in the Marketing plan for the respective year: to carry out activities focussing on learning about expectations of key users and on supporting better interpretation and better use of statistical data.

Description of users and their respective needs with respect to the statistical data.

Consultations with users are required by statistical act stressing the cooperation with other organisations (ministries and other state organisations) during preparation of the Programme of State Statistical Surveys.

An advisory body the Statistical Council consists of members representing main users (representatives of ministries, state organisation and public institutions).

The Council is the permanent expert advisory body for the President of the SOSR in the field of state statistics. The task of the Council is to draft /submit proposals and recommendations regarding state statistics concepts, to discuss the Programme of the state statistical surveys and other tasks according to the Status on the Statistical Council.

In practice the consultations with users run on bilateral bases as well as within activities covered by the action programme Activities focussing on learning about expectation of key users and on supporting better interpretation and better use of statistical products.

Key users of particular statistics products are listed in Marketing plan:

International organizations - Eurostat, OECD, United Nations

National institutions - Federation of Employers' Associations of the Slovak Republic, Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic and National Bank of Slovakia etc.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

User satisfaction is monitored via “Survey on satisfaction of users with products and services of the SO SR” conducted regularly with two-year periodicity.
Evaluation of the user satisfaction survey also includes satisfactions rate (overall and for specified areas as well as for groups of products) and it is submitted together with conclusions and suggestions for improvements to top management meeting for approval.

12.3. Completeness

All required SBS data are provided.

 


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

In general, the overall accuracy is considered as very good.

13.2. Sampling error

The required quality indicators are calculated and provided to Eurostat.  Calculation of standard quality indicators including sample error will be integrated in the new Integrated statistical information system (ISIS).

13.3. Non-sampling error

The basic step in the process of unit non-response calculation is the analysis of population with regard to the status of activity of reporting units. For this purpose we use the classification of special response and non-response cases. The particular codes describing active and non-active units are allocated to every reporting unit. Afterwards we define eligible units: they are all active responding and non-responding units. In some cases it is not possible to obtain any information about the unit. In this case we suppose there is the same share of active and non-active units as in the known population. The part corresponding to active units we consider to be non-responding units.


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Data collection is organized by specialised regional offices of the SO SR. After the deadline the non-responding units are contacted about their reporting duty again. There are no problems with reporting discipline in the case of big enterprises, nevertheless the situation in the area of small enterprises shows the decreased tendency in the last years.

14.2. Punctuality

All deadlines have been respected


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

All regions of the Slovak Republic are covered by the survey. The reporting units are residents at the territory of the Slovak Republic and provide data on their domestic activities and activities outside, if the activities carried out are of a subject of the tax and other duties in relation to Slovak legislation. 

In the frame of SBS 2009 data treatment we changed the compilation of data series in breakdown by size classes.  Employment size classes are since 2009 defined in terms of the number of employees filled in the survey (in previous years we used the information from register).

15.2. Comparability - over time

From reference year 1995 to 1999, the population covered is enterprises with 20 or more persons employed and enterprises with less than 20 persons employed which are considered statistically important, based on expert judgement (1995 and 1996) or with a turnover larger than 3,5 million €.

Starting from reference year 2000, the population covered is all enterprises without any size class threshold.

Since 2010 the population of small entrepreneurs (physical persons) is included in the SBS data. The impact of this population is considerable in terms of number of enterprises and employment data. However, the share of this population in economic variables is not significant.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Comparison of survey results with short-term statistics and  quarterly data surveyed for the purposes of national accounts.The analysis shows very good compliance level in case of parts of population surveyed exhaustively. Some differences appear when comparing data from monthly, quarterly and yearly sample surveys, which are the subject of further detailed data analysis

15.4. Coherence - internal

There are no problems with internal consistency


16. Cost and Burden Top

The cost estimation of the European statistical products (ESP)  on the ESS level is in mandate of the Resource Directors Group.

This day the costs of 53 products of the ESP were determined on the level of Member States and they are available at the Eurostat Directorate A


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

Revisions are in conformity with standards, time-tested and transparent. They are described in decision ROZ-3/2018 Revision Policy of the SOSR.

The same revision policy is applied to data released nationally and transmitted to Eurostat.

According to Revision Policy of the SO SR the revised data are accompanied by all necessary explanations (reasons, character, etc.), they are accessible via the SOSR Portal.

The Revision Policy and Calendar of Revisions of the SOSR as well as all necessary explanations are accessible via the SOSR Portal. 

The Revision Policy of the SO SR

We distinguish:

Routine revisions – regular revisions of data not influenced by change of methodology. In general, the monthly/quarterly data is considered to be preliminary.

Routine revisions of data may be necessary due to data available from new data received from reporting units or corrected data from reporting units. The publication of the revised data is done periodically in line with Calendar of revisions    

Extra-ordinary revisions – not scheduled in the Calendar of revisions. Extra-ordinary revisions include revisions of definitive data due to changes of methodology, changes of classifications, change of base year, changes of mathematical/statistical methods of data calculation. Those revisions may result in a break in time series of data. The users are informed via Press releases in advance.

At present, numeric information on the size of revisions of data is not available.

The policy on vintage database is laid down in the Revision Policy of SOSR. Practical implementation of the policy is being prepared in the statistical information system.       

Vintage database of raw data exists in source database and is not publicly accessible. Data and documents regarding the revision is kept. General information about revision and methodological explanation is published, if relevant.

Coherence of the revision policy is respected for the data released nationally and disseminated to Eurostat.

17.2. Data revision - practice

The primary source of routine revisions is the need of data revisions due to data new data received from reporting units or corrected data from reporting units. The publication of the revised data is done periodically in line with Calendar of revisions.


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Combination of exhaustive survey and sample survey combined with administrative information

Exhaustive survey of large enterprises - Questionnaire Roc 1-01

1/ the legal units with 20 and more employees registered in the Business register;

2/ the legal units with less than 20 employees registered in the Business register:

a) which were statistically important (the decision about including them into survey of big enterprises was done by expert of particular branch statistics, e.g. responsible for  branch statistics etc.);

b) or of which turnover exceeds 5 million €

Survey of small enterprises (sample) - Questionnaire Roc 2-01

1/ the legal units with less than 20 employees registered in the Business register the turnover of which does not exceed  5 million  €

In case of small enterprises the process of grossing up is based on the administrative sources used - tax forms: profit loss account, balance sheet 

Data on small entrepreneurs (physical persons) are included in SBS data files starting with the data transmission of preliminary 2010 SBS data files. We use the basic information on structures and relations of particular variables from small sample survey for small entrepreneurs to make estimations of missing data in administrative source for this population.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual data collection

18.3. Data collection

The electronic data collection of annual data is compulsory since the 1st January 2016 in line with the obligation laid down in the Slovak National Council law No 326/2014 (Digest) amending the Slovak National Council law No 540/2001 on the state statistics. 

 

18.4. Data validation

The data completeness and statistical controls are organised by SO SR in cooperation with the specialised regional offices of the SO SR. 

It has been distinguished between two levels of checking:

  1. formal checks, which are realised in the process of data entry automatically; (compatible with Validation level 0 and 1)
  2. informal checks aim of which is to control the complexity and relations among the variables ((compatible with Validation level from 2 to 5)

According to the importance there are classified 2 basic types of informal checks:

I –  informative check- this check gives the additional information, which is important for the following process of corrections. It informs also about some inconsistencies in the state of fulfilment of the questionnaire, about item non-response, exceeding stated limits etc. 

Z – check of great importance - it is mostly check indicating the exact error and it must  be always corrected or explained.

Most of the errors are directly consulted with the reporting units by our regional offices.

18.5. Data compilation

We apply an automatic procedure for data imputation for active units based on hot-deck. There are defined exact conditions for searching donors and acceptors using various systematic classification variables (SCV).

All data of donor is imputed to acceptor. Data of donors should be the most close to the variable Value added and Turnover data in particular stratum with regard to NACE and size category of the active unit.  

18.6. Adjustment

na


19. Comment Top

na


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top