Structural business statistics (sbs)

National Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (SURS)

Time Dimension: 2015-A0

Data Provider: SI1

Data Flow: SBS_ESMS_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (SURS)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Annex I: Business Statistics Section, Structural and Global Business Statistics Division;

             National Accounts Section, Macro-Economic Statistics Division fo Section K

Annex II: Business Statistics Section, Structural and Global Business Statistics Division;

              Environment and Energy Statistics Section, Environmental Statistics Division for environment statistics

Annex III: Business Statistics Section, Structural and Global Business Statistics Division

Annex IV: Business Statistics Section, Structural and Global Business Statistics Division

1.5. Contact mail address

Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, Litostrojska cesta 54, 10000 Ljubljana, Slovenia

Email: gp.surs@gov.si


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 26/04/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 26/04/2018
2.3. Metadata last update 09/04/2019


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Structural business statistics (SBS) describes the structure, conduct and performance of economic activities, down to the most detailed activity level (several hundred economic sectors).

SBS covers all activities of the non-financial business economy with the exception of agricultural activities and personal services. Limited information is available on banking, insurance and pension funds.

 Main characteristics (variables) of the SBS data category:

  • Business demographic variables (e.g. Number of enterprises)
  • "Output related" variables (e.g. Turnover, Value added)
  • "Input related" variables: labour input (e.g. Employment, Hours worked); goods and services input (e.g. Total of purchases); capital input (e.g. Material investments)
3.2. Classification system

Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE): NACE Rev.1 was used until 2001, NACE Rev. 1.1 since 2002, and NACE Rev 2 is used from 2008 onwards. Key data were double reported in NACE Rev.1.1 and NACE Rev.2 for 2008. From 2009 onwards, only NACE Rev.2 data are available.

The regional breakdown of the EU Member States is based on the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). Detailed information about the consecutive NUTS Regulations can be found at Eurostat's website

The product breakdown is based on the Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) as stated in the Regulation establishing CPA 2008 and its amending  Commission Regulation (EU) No 1209/2014  (from reference year 2015 onwards)

3.3. Coverage - sector

The SBS coverage was limited to Sections C to K of NACE Rev.1.1 until 2007. Starting from the reference year 2008 data is available for Sections B to N and Division S95 of NACE Rev.2. With 2013 as the first reference year information is published on NACE codes K6411, K6419 and K65 and its breakdown.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The statistical characteristics are defined in Annex I of Commission Regulation (EC) No 250/2009

3.5. Statistical unit

Enterprises are used (legal units that have turnover or labor costs during the reference year).

3.6. Statistical population

Target population is fully covered (all required NACE activity codes, size classes and statistical units). The frame for identifying units for the population is Statistical Business Register. No cut-off threshold was applied.

3.7. Reference area

The country or geographic area are fully covered, no data are excluded. The branches of foreign enterprises are included in the results relating the activities abroad of enterprises of the reporting country. In the results is included all the activities of the resident enterprises and branches.

3.8. Coverage - Time

1995-2015

3.9. Base period

Not applicable.


4. Unit of measure Top
  • Number of enterprises and number of local units are expressed in units.
  • Monetary data are expressed in millions of €.
  • Employment variables are expressed in units.
  • Per head values are expressed in thousands of € per head.

Ratios are expressed in percentages.


5. Reference Period Top

SBS data refer to the annual results and rarely data refer to fiscal year. We do not applie special method when there is mismatch between the calander and the actual reference period.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Year 1995 was the first year for the implementation of the Council Regulation No 58/97 (SBS Regulation).

The Council Regulation No 58/97 has been amended three times: by Council Regulation No 410/98, Commission Regulation No 1614/2002 and European Parliament and Council Regulation No 2056/2002. As a new amendment of the basic Regulation it was decided to recast the Regulation No 58/97 in order to obtain a new "clean" legal text. The European Parliament and Council Regulation No 295/2008 was adopted on 14/02/2008 and the provisions of this Regulation are applicable from the reference year 2008. Regulation No 295/2008 has been amended by Commission Regulation (EU) No 446/2014.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not applicable.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

National Statistics Act (OJ RS., No. 45/99 and 9/2001)

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment
Restricted from publication


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

We have advance notice of release dates published on our web page (Products/Release calander).

8.2. Release calendar access

http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/en/releasecal

8.3. Release policy - user access

All data are available in the published on-line databases.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Annual


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

SURS publishes Release calendar till the end of the year for the next year. Preliminary results are available within 10 months following the end of the reference period (T+10) and final data within 18 months (T+18).

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

SBS data for Annexes I-IV for reference year 2015 were published: 10/25/2016 (preliminary data) and 05/26/2017 (final data). Publications are also available in english.

Preliminary data

http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/News/Index/6171

http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/en/News/Index/6171

Final data

http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/News/Index/6658

http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/en/News/Index/6658

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

With the press release data are also available on online SI-Stat Database with detailed statistics in tables.

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Statistical Office Slovenia (SURS) also enables access to microdata for statistical analyses and scientific research purpose. It is an option to get access to microdata which can be obtained by registered research institutions, registered researchers and researchers in the general government sector.
The request to access microdata must be submitted on the prescribed form: (more information you can find on link http://www.stat.si/StatWeb/en/StaticPages/Index/For-Researchers). The requests are given to further consideration to the Data protection Committee at SURS.

If the request is in line with the rules of providing access to microdata, a contract is signed with the research institution and the researcher that will access the data signs a declaration on data protection.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Data are sent to Eurostat and are publically available in their database. Data are used for the calculation of EU aggregates.

Nationally data are published in the news releases (First release and E-release) and in on-line SI-Stat database.

Data are also available in special publications (STAT’O’BOOK, Business Statistics Kaleidoscope and other).

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Methodological explanations are available on our website.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

The last annual quality report in english is available for the reference year 2014 and published on our website.


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Quality Statement of the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia and other explanations about quality in our national statistics you can find on our website.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Since statistics are calculated on the base of full coverage from administrative or existing sources we do not have specific problems with quality.


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

The main users of SBS data are public sector, business entities, research and education sector (researchers and students), media. Most interested are in turnover and employment data.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

We do not organize survey related to the user`s satisfaction regarding the availability and the quality of the data.

12.3. Completeness

All data required with the regulation is disseminated except not available regional data on investment.

Data for number of employees in full time equivalent units and number of hours worked by employees are of low quality and used only for calculating  Community totals which cannot be disseminated at national level.

Enterprise statistics with the breakdown of turnover by type of activity is missing because of missing source.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

We do not have problems with the coverage bias because we have full coverage for structural business statistics.

Approximately 6 months after first release the results are normaly final.

13.2. Sampling error

Since in principle there is complete coverage, the sampling error is not calculated.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Since statistics are calculated on the basis of full coverage from the administrative or existing sources, the non-response rate is assumed to be 0. That is to say, for each unit of the observed population, we have data on at least one variable (from administrative sources).

In certain cases the applied administrative sources are not sufficiently broken down, or do not contain all the necessary variables. For example, the missing variable is Purchase value of goods and materials sold in the Prepayment of income taxes for the income realised upon the pursuit of activities. For the calculation of this variable we look at the lowest level of the Standard Classification of Activity (SKD) (5th level of SKD or appropriate higher level) and consider the share of this variable (Purchase value of goods and materials sold) in Cost of goods, materials and services (this variable exists in the declaration) from annual accounts for self- employed persons.
 

The share of variable Purchase value of goods and materials sold obtained from the source Prepayment of income taxes for the income realised upon the pursuit of activities can be calculated.

The item non-response occurs also for those variables, the data for which are obtained from existing sources or surveys. For example, for the set of variables obtained from the investment survey, the item non-response rate is the same as the unit non-response rate for this survey.


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

According to the Regulation, the results of the First Release should be prepared within 10 months following the end of the reference period (T+10). At the same time, data should also be communicated to Eurostat and published at SURS.

First release of the data for the refernce year 2015 was 25th October 2016.

14.2. Punctuality

We do not have any delay in transmission of data to Eurostat.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

The same statistical concepts are applied in the entire national territory.

15.2. Comparability - over time

The length of comparable time series is 2005-2015.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Data are comparable with other statistical domains. The differences can occur because of different methodology for calculation of variables or observed units.

Differences between structural business statistics (SBS) and business demography (BD) arise  due to a different definition of activity, different methods of imputation and  the additional source for data on the main activities from the Business Services Survey in SBS.

15.4. Coherence - internal

The aggregates are consistent with their main sub-aggregates.


16. Cost and Burden Top

We do not have special statistical survey for SBS and for that reason no burden on respondents.


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

Data revision is planned. Due to the needs of users for timely information, data are published that meet the criteria of the quality of official statistical data. 

Regular revisions include a more complete data source. Data are revised when newer and more quality data respectively can significantly contribute to the quality of data-based decision-making and when due to publication deadlines determined by the European legislation less accurate data are published.
Methodological explanations about data revision at SURS are published on the website http://www.stat.si/dokument/5299/RevisionOfStatisticalDataMEgeneral.pdf .

17.2. Data revision - practice

In a long period we did not revise the data transmitted to Eurostat. Preliminary and final data differ in some minor extent because when preparing final data we have more time for checking and some additional sources are available.


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

SBS data are based on Statistical Business register with data on units and employment. For all other variables we use administrative sources. Only data on investments are used from statistical survey.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual data collection

18.3. Data collection

We do not have statistical survey for SBS and special questionnaires. Data collection base are administrative sources.

18.4. Data validation

Before the data are transmitted to Eurostat we check out data with EDIT Tool (intra-dataset check, inter-dataset checks).

We also check if data are consistent with Business Demography and Investment.

We compare data with National Accounts and Employment statistics within our institution.

We have different methodology and observation units so we can not check consistency between the data available in the Institution and the data available outside the Institution but we look at releases in other institutions.

18.5. Data compilation

In certain cases the applied administrative sources are not sufficiently broken down, or do not contain all the necessary variables. For example, the missing variable is Purchase value of goods and materials sold in the Prepayment of income taxes for the income realised upon the pursuit of activities. For the calculation of this variable we look at the lowest level of the Standard Classification of Activity (SKD) (5th level of SKD or appropriate higher level) and consider the share of this variable (Purchase value of goods and materials sold) in Cost of goods, materials and services (this variable exists in the declaration) from annual accounts for self- employed persons.

The item non-response occurs also for those variables, the data for which are obtained from existing sources or surveys. For example, for the set of variables obtained from the investment survey, the item non-response rate is the same as the unit non-response rate for this survey.

For the time being, there is no estimate on the missing values. A certain estimate is being made for individual sources which are insufficiently broken down. For example, the micro variable Net sales revenue is missing in the turnover tax declaration. To calculate this variable at the lowest level of SKD (5-digit SKD or an appropriate higher level) the share of such a variable should be considered in the whole turnover in the final accounts for individual entrepreneurs. When calculating the variable Net sales revenue, the right shares are multiplied by all turnover from the turnover tax declaration.

18.6. Adjustment

No corections are applied in case the refernce period differs from the calender year. Data differ in some minor extent.


19. Comment Top

No additional comments.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top