Structural business statistics (sbs)

National Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: National Institute of Statistics

Time Dimension: 2015-A0

Data Provider: RO1

Data Flow: SBS_ESMS_A

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

National Institute of Statistics

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Structural Business Statistics Directorate

1.5. Contact mail address

Romania, 050706, Bucharest, 16 Libertatii Avenue

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 23/04/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 23/04/2018
2.3. Metadata last update 23/04/2019

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Structural business statistics (SBS) describes the structure, conduct and performance of economic activities, down to the most detailed activity level (several hundred economic sectors).

SBS covers all activities of the non-financial business economy with the exception of agricultural activities and personal services. Limited information is available on banking, insurance and pension funds.

 Main characteristics (variables) of the SBS data category:

  • Business demographic variables (e.g. Number of enterprises)
  • "Output related" variables (e.g. Turnover, Value added)
  • "Input related" variables: labour input (e.g. Employment, Hours worked); goods and services input (e.g. Total of purchases); capital input (e.g. Material investments)
3.2. Classification system

Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE): NACE Rev.1 was used until 2001, NACE Rev. 1.1 since 2002, and NACE Rev 2 is used from 2008 onwards. Key data were double reported in NACE Rev.1.1 and NACE Rev.2 for 2008. From 2009 onwards, only NACE Rev.2 data are available.

The regional breakdown of the EU Member States is based on the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). Detailed information about the consecutive NUTS Regulations can be found at Eurostat's website

The product breakdown is based on the Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) as stated in the Regulation establishing CPA 2008 and its amending  Commission Regulation (EU) No 1209/2014  (from reference year 2015 onwards)

3.3. Coverage - sector

The SBS coverage was limited to Sections C to K of NACE Rev.1.1 until 2007. Starting from the reference year 2008 data is available for Sections B to N and Division S95 of NACE Rev.2. With 2013 as the first reference year information is published on NACE codes K6411, K6419 and K65 and its breakdown.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The statistical characteristics are defined in Annex I of Commission Regulation (EC) No 250/2009

3.5. Statistical unit

Enterprise which is equal to legal unit

3.6. Statistical population

All enterprises are included but activity abroad of the enteprises is excluded. The frame population is based on Statistical Business Register

3.7. Reference area

whole country

3.8. Coverage - Time


3.9. Base period

Not applicable.

4. Unit of measure Top
  • Number of enterprises and number of local units are expressed in units.
  • Monetary data are expressed in millions of €.
  • Employment variables are expressed in units.
  • Per head values are expressed in thousands of € per head.

Ratios are expressed in percentages.

5. Reference Period Top

calendar year

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Year 1995 was the first year for the implementation of the Council Regulation No 58/97 (SBS Regulation).

The Council Regulation No 58/97 has been amended three times: by Council Regulation No 410/98, Commission Regulation No 1614/2002 and European Parliament and Council Regulation No 2056/2002. As a new amendment of the basic Regulation it was decided to recast the Regulation No 58/97 in order to obtain a new "clean" legal text. The European Parliament and Council Regulation No 295/2008 was adopted on 14/02/2008 and the provisions of this Regulation are applicable from the reference year 2008. Regulation No 295/2008 has been amended by Commission Regulation (EU) No 446/2014.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not applicable.

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Confidentially is stated in the Statistical Law 226/2009

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Less than 4 enterprises or turnover of one or two enterprises dominate (more than 80% of the total turnover) one aggregate

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

The Press Release calendar

8.2. Release calendar access

8.3. Release policy - user access

Addional data aggregates which are not published in the publication are provided by the dissemination department upon request.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

Regular press release

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications


10.3. Dissemination format - online database

TEMPO online database

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

No micro-data dissemination

10.5. Dissemination format - other

Statistical Yearbook

10.6. Documentation on methodology

Structural Business Statistics Methodological Guide

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Internal Procedures

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

The administrative sources of data are used in order to reduce the burden on respondents

11.2. Quality management - assessment

The quality of the data is assesed based on quality indicators

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

The main users are National Accounts Department

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

User satistifaction survey was not carried out

12.3. Completeness

The data for NACE classes which are not published is caused by confidentiallity issues.

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

The main sources of errors is the incomplete data provided by the enterprises

13.2. Sampling error

The enterprises with 20 and more employed persons are included exhaustively in the data collection. The enterprises below are selected using sampling method

13.3. Non-sampling error

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

provisional data are available T+10 months and final data are available T+18 months (as requested by SBS regulation)

14.2. Punctuality

There is no lag between

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

15.2. Comparability - over time

Comparable data for 2008-2015. Data before 2008 are according to Nace Rev

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

The coherence between variables number of persons emplyed, turnover is checked between SBS and STS.

15.4. Coherence - internal

16. Cost and Burden Top

Not available

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

The National Institute of Statistics Romania adopted revision policy which defines the standard rules and the principles for statistical data revision. This revision policy complies with: the European Statistics Code of Practice, adopted by the European Statistical System Committee (ESSC) in 2011; the European Statistical System Guidelines on the revision policy of the Principal European Economic Indicators, as well as with its annexes which comprise the principles of a common policy on European statistics revision; and with the Quality Guidelines.

17.2. Data revision - practice

Data are revised in case error are detected. The revision policy is applied.

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Statistical survey combined with administrtive data (financial statments of the enteprises).

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual data collection

18.3. Data collection

Paper and electronic (Excel) questionnaires

18.4. Data validation

Validation rules applied before the data are transmitted to Eurostat: intra-dataset checks, inter-dataset checks, intra-source checks; consistency checks between statistical domains

18.5. Data compilation

Data for non-respondent units are imputed using adminstrative sources (financial statments of the enterprise)

18.6. Adjustment

No differences between reference yera and calendar year

19. Comment Top

No additional comments

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top