Structural business statistics (sbs)

National Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Statistics Poland (former Central Statistical Office of Poland)

Time Dimension: 2015-A0

Data Provider: PL1

Data Flow: SBS_ESMS_A

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Statistics Poland (former Central Statistical Office of Poland)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Enterprises Department

1.5. Contact mail address

Główny Urząd Statystyczny

00-925 Warszawa, al. Niepodległości 208

2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 30/04/2018
2.2. Metadata last posted 30/04/2018
2.3. Metadata last update 08/04/2019

3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Structural business statistics (SBS) describes the structure, conduct and performance of economic activities, down to the most detailed activity level (several hundred economic sectors).

SBS covers all activities of the non-financial business economy with the exception of agricultural activities and personal services. Limited information is available on banking, insurance and pension funds.

 Main characteristics (variables) of the SBS data category:

  • Business demographic variables (e.g. Number of enterprises)
  • "Output related" variables (e.g. Turnover, Value added)
  • "Input related" variables: labour input (e.g. Employment, Hours worked); goods and services input (e.g. Total of purchases); capital input (e.g. Material investments)
3.2. Classification system

Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE): NACE Rev.1 was used until 2001, NACE Rev. 1.1 since 2002, and NACE Rev 2 is used from 2008 onwards. Key data were double reported in NACE Rev.1.1 and NACE Rev.2 for 2008. From 2009 onwards, only NACE Rev.2 data are available.

The regional breakdown of the EU Member States is based on the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS). Detailed information about the consecutive NUTS Regulations can be found at Eurostat's website

The product breakdown is based on the Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) as stated in the Regulation establishing CPA 2008 and its amending  Commission Regulation (EU) No 1209/2014  (from reference year 2015 onwards)

3.3. Coverage - sector

The SBS coverage was limited to Sections C to K of NACE Rev.1.1 until 2007. Starting from the reference year 2008 data is available for Sections B to N and Division S95 of NACE Rev.2. With 2013 as the first reference year information is published on NACE codes K6411, K6419 and K65 and its breakdown.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The statistical characteristics are defined in Annex I of Commission Regulation (EC) No 250/2009

3.5. Statistical unit

legal unit

3.6. Statistical population

target population: in terms of NACE sections B to N and S95 excluding K, legal units, frame for identifying units for the population: statistical business register.

3.7. Reference area


3.8. Coverage - Time


3.9. Base period

Not applicable.

4. Unit of measure Top
  • Number of enterprises and number of local units are expressed in units.
  • Monetary data are expressed in millions of €.
  • Employment variables are expressed in units.
  • Per head values are expressed in thousands of € per head.

Ratios are expressed in percentages.

5. Reference Period Top

The data refers to calendar year.

6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Year 1995 was the first year for the implementation of the Council Regulation No 58/97 (SBS Regulation).

The Council Regulation No 58/97 has been amended three times: by Council Regulation No 410/98, Commission Regulation No 1614/2002 and European Parliament and Council Regulation No 2056/2002. As a new amendment of the basic Regulation it was decided to recast the Regulation No 58/97 in order to obtain a new "clean" legal text. The European Parliament and Council Regulation No 295/2008 was adopted on 14/02/2008 and the provisions of this Regulation are applicable from the reference year 2008. Regulation No 295/2008 has been amended by Commission Regulation (EU) No 446/2014.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Not applicable.

7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Confidentiality policy is based on the statistical law: Law of the 29 June 1995 on Official Statistics.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Primary confidentiality rules:

An aggregate can not be published if the number of units is less than 3 (flag A)

An aggregate can not be published if share of one dominant unit exceed 75 % (flag B)

Variables V11110 and V11210 are non-confidential.

T-Argus tool is used to put statistical confidentiality.

8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

SBS data for 2015 year were released only on EUROSTAT websites. There is no advance notice of release dates.

8.2. Release calendar access

SBS data for 2015 year were released only on EUROSTAT websites. General calendar access for Polish statistics:

8.3. Release policy - user access

SBS data for 2015 year were released only on EUROSTAT websites.

9. Frequency of dissemination Top


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

SBS data for 2015 year were released only on EUROSTAT websites. There is link on Statistics Poland website to Eurostat release news:



10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

SBS data for 2015 year were released only on EUROSTAT websites.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

only for local units:

link to BDL database:

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable

10.5. Dissemination format - other

SBS data are sent to Eurostat

10.6. Documentation on methodology

For local units methodological notes are accessible  in on-line BDL database.

10.7. Quality management - documentation

no quality management documentation is disseminated

11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

the European Statistics Code of Practice are applied.

11.2. Quality management - assessment
Restricted from publication

12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

External users:

-          Eurostat, ECB, international organisations etc.

Internal users:

-          Other departments in our institutions: Trade and Services Department.

SBS data only for local units are published for the national needs. National users are interested in the extended scope of data than data sent to Eurostat: profit and lost statement or balance sheet position for legal units.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction
Restricted from publication
12.3. Completeness
Restricted from publication

13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

The sources of errors which are significant: coverage errors - difference between business demography data and SBS data.

The period from the first release of the results to the final: 8 month


13.2. Sampling error
Restricted from publication
13.3. Non-sampling error
Restricted from publication

14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

 the time period that elapses between the end of the reference period, and the first release of the data: 10 months

14.2. Punctuality

15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

not aplicable

15.2. Comparability - over time

2002-2007 for NACE rev.1.1;

2008-2015 for NACE rev.2

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Number of enterprises, number of persons employed, number of employees in Business demography is higher.

15.4. Coherence - internal

The aggregates for series 3H are not consistent with their main sub-aggregates:the total aggregates are different for 2-digits NACE aggregates and for 3-digits NACE aggregates, because aggregates for NACE groups do not contain values for local units with less than 10 persons employed. reason: there is no data for 3-digit level aggregates of NACE for micro local units.

16. Cost and Burden Top
Restricted from publication

17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

The compiled preliminary data could be later revised if it is required. There are not planned revisions.

17.2. Data revision - practice

The series 2A, 2B, 1E, 1F for reference year were revised (variables 12110 and 12150) because the additional sources of data.

18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

The sources of errors which are significant: coverage errors - difference between business demography data and SBS data.

The period from the first release of the results to the final: 8 month

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual data collection

18.3. Data collection

The type of questionnaires used in the survey: electronic format, but for microunits using the paper format also possible.

18.4. Data validation

The validation rules are applied before the data are transmitted to Eurostat by using EDIT tool: a) Intra-dataset checks, b) inter-dataset checks, c) intra-domain.

18.5. Data compilation

For grossing-up for micro units the reweighting and calibration are used.

For other units the survey is exhaustive.

For dealing with item and unit non-response the information from short-term surveys data is used.

The hot deck imputation is also applied. 

18.6. Adjustment

reference period = calendar year, corrections are not required

19. Comment Top

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top