Job vacancy statistics (jvs)

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: Czech Statistical Office (CZSO)

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: Eurostat user support


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Czech Statistical Office (CZSO)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

64 Labour Market and Equal Opportunities Statistics Department

1.5. Contact mail address

Czech Statistical Office

Na Padesatem 81 

100 82 Praha 10


2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

Job vacancy statistics (JVS) provide information on the level and structure of labour demand. The country transmits to Eurostat the quarterly data on the number of job vacancies and the number of occupied posts as well as provides the quality report under the JVS framework regulation and the two implementing regulations: the implementing regulation on the definition of a job vacancy, the reference dates for data collection, data transmission specifications and feasibility studies, as well as the implementing regulation on seasonal adjustment procedures and quality reports.

The source of Job Vacancies (JV) have been used since 2005 from the administrative registers of Labour Offices. Data on job vacancies are recorded in compliance with the Employment Act that allows the employers to notify job vacancies (JV) to the labour office. The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MLSA) is responsible for data collection.

Since 1st January 2012 it is no longer compulsory to report job vacancies to the Labour Office in Czechia. However, there has been no decline in reported job vacancies, so it remains a valid source of JVS.

The source of Occupied Posts (OP): labour force survey (LFS). The LFS is a household survey.

2.2. Classification system

The quarterly data are broken down by economic activity (at section level) in accordance with NACE Rev. 2 - Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community.

2.3. Coverage - sector

The data cover all the economic activities defined by NACE Rev. 2, except the activities of households as employers and the activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies.

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

A 'job vacancy' is defined as a paid post that is newly created, unoccupied, or about to become vacant:

(a) for which the employer is taking active steps and is prepared to take further steps to find a suitable candidate from outside the enterprise concerned; and

(b) which the employer intends to fill either immediately or within a specific period of time.


‘Active steps to find a suitable candidate’ include:

- notifying the job vacancy to the public employment services,

- contacting a private employment agency/head hunters,

- advertising the vacancy in the media (for example internet, newspapers, magazines),

- advertising the vacancy on a public notice board,

- approaching, interviewing or selecting possible candidates/potential recruits directly,

- approaching employees and/or personal contacts,

- using internships.


'Specific period of time’ refers to the maximum time the vacancy is open and intended to be filled. That period shall be unlimited; all vacancies for which active steps are continuing on the reference date shall be reported.


An 'occupied post’ means a paid post within the organisation to which an employee has been assigned.

2.5. Statistical unit


2.6. Statistical population

Enterprises with one and more employees

2.7. Reference area

The whole territory of the country

2.8. Coverage - Time

The quarterly data are available from 2008.

2.9. Base period

Not applicable

3. Statistical processing Top
3.1. Source data
Identification of the source of the data Job vacancies data come from administrative data registers of the Labour Office of Czechia. Data on occupied posts come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) performed by the CZSO.
- Geographical The quarterly data on job vacancies and occupied posts are compiled at country level (NUTS1). The annual data on job vacancies and occupied posts are compiled at country level (NUTS1) and regional level (NUTS2).
- NACE Data are available for all economic activities (Sections A to S) according to NACE Rev. 2.
- Enterprise size All size classes
Definition of the statistical unit For job vacancies: An entity recorded in the administrative data register (Statistical Business Register) classified by size and economic activity.

For occupied posts: A private household (according to the LFS).

Sampling design
Base used for the sample Not applicable
Sampling design Not applicable
Retention/renewal of sampling units Not applicable
Sample size Not applicable
Stratification Not applicable
Other sources
Maintenance agency Not applicable
Updating frequency Not applicable
Rules for clearance (of outdated information) Not applicable
Voluntary/compulsory reporting and sanctions Not applicable
3.2. Frequency of data collection
Reference dates
Monthly frequency (20th day of the current month)
3.3. Data collection
Brief description of the data collection method(s) Remarks
Reporting units provide their data electronically, via email, by mail, or deliver them in person. Then the data are entered into the database at the Labour Office regional branches. The Labour Office of Czechia is an institution established by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.
3.4. Data validation

Validation rules are not applied.

3.5. Data compilation
Brief description of the weighting method Weighting dimensions
Not applicable Not applicable
3.6. Adjustment

MLSA takes into account legislation changes.

4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance


4.2. Quality management - assessment


5. Relevance Top


5.1. Relevance - User Needs
Description of the national users and their main needs Remarks
There are no deviations from EU concepts and more detailed regional and activity analysis can be provided relatively easily. All Eurostat´s needs as expressed in Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 are regarded as completely met.

The use of administrative source would in theory also permit further analysis as it provides more information relating to the type of vacancy rather than just occupation. Czech Statistical Office has the ability to join data from MLSA with the characteristics/parameters from the Business Register.

For each vacancy the following is declared:

  • Identification number
  • Size coverage
  • Sector in the national economy
  • Activity coverage
  • Regional breakdown (place of employer, working place)
  • Occupational coverage
  • Permanent or temporary post
  • Full time or part time post
  • Date the employment begins
5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction
Extent to which the needs of national users are satisfied (voluntary) Remarks
5.3. Completeness
Description of missing variables and missing breakdowns of the variables Report progress on the implementation measures regarding quarterly job vacancies statistics of Regulation (EC) No 453/2008, including

- a detailed plan and timetable for completing implementation

- a summary of the remaining deviations from EU concepts

Data source fully complies with requirements given by Regulation (EC) No 453/2008. There is no plan and no timetable because in our quarterly job vacancies statistics is no deviation from the EU concepts, already.
5.3.1. Data completeness - rate


6. Accuracy and reliability Top

JV: exhaustive data source. Administrative data source. Data source is continuously updated by responsible units.

6.1. Accuracy - overall


6.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators
Coefficient of variation (taking into account the sampling design) or estimated sampling error for the number of job vacancies (see guidelines).
Not applicable
6.3. Non-sampling error
Information on variables with non-negligible measurement and processing errors Information on main sources of (non-negligible) measurement and processing errors and, if available, on methods applied for correction Estimation bias: An assessment of the non-sampling errors, in terms of the absolute number of vacant posts,  for the total number of job vacancies and, where possible, for aggregation level of NACE Rev. 2 specified in Annex 1 to this Regulation and size classes (1-9, 10 + employees). Remarks
Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable  
6.3.1. Coverage error
Description of any difference between the reference population and the study population Description of classification errors Description of any difference between the reference dates and the reference quarter Any other relevant information
Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Over-coverage - rate

Optional Common units - proportion


6.3.2. Measurement error


6.3.3. Non response error

See below. Unit non-response - rate
Unit response rate
Not applicable Item non-response - rate


6.3.4. Processing error

See below. Imputation - rate
Item imputation rate and methods and, where possible, the effect of imputation on the estimates for the variables transmitted
Not applicable
6.3.5. Model assumption error
If modelling is used, include a description of the models used. Particular emphasis should be given to models for imputation or grossing-up to correct for unit non-response.
Not applicable
6.4. Seasonal adjustment
Brief description of seasonal adjustment procedures, in particular with regard to the European Statistical System guidelines on seasonal adjustment which have been endorsed and supported by the SPC.
As per Article 3(3) of Regulation (EC) No 453/2008, the transmission of seasonally adjusted data began when 16 observed quarterly periods were available at the aggregation level of NACE Rev. 2.

Figures (for both vacancies and posts) have been seasonally adjusted since the first quarter 2012 using software Demetra 2.2. Automated Module, Tramo/Seats, by the direct method.

Coverage 1+, 10+












QR for SA data
6.5. Data revision - policy


6.6. Data revision - practice
Provide a revision history, including the revisions in the published number of job vacancies and a summary of the reasons for the revisions.
Nature of the data employed (administrative data source) excludes any revision to be carried out.
6.6.1. Data revision - average size


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top

The CZSO obtains administrative data on the 20th day of each month from the MLSA database. After the data is obtained, it is connected with the Business Register and process into required categories.

7.1. Timeliness

15 days

7.1.1. Time lag - first result
Information on the time span between the release of data at national level and the reference period of the data.
According to Commission Regulation (EC) No 19/2009 of 13 January 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 453/2008, Article 3, member states will provide data within 70 days of the end of the referenced quarter. Those Member States whose number of employees represents more than 3 % of the total number of employees in the EU provide their data within 45 days.

The target for finalising the CZSO's results nationally is 45 days after the end of the reference quarter for quarterly data and 90 days after the end of the reference year for annual data: these targets are set in order to provide data to Eurostat rather than for national purposes.

7.1.2. Time lag - final result


7.2. Punctuality

By respecting user's expressed needs, and doing so consistently, the CZSO's data on the number of job vacancies can be considered as perfectly timely and punctual.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication
Deadlines for the respondents to reply, also covering recalls and follow-ups Period of the fieldwork Period of data processing Dates of publication of first results Remarks
Job vacancies data come from administrative data registers of the Labour Office of Czechia. Data on occupied posts come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) performed by the CZSO. Therefore this question is not applicable. Job vacancies data come from administrative data registers of the Labour Office of Czechia. Data on occupied posts come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) performed by the CZSO. Therefore this question is not applicable. t +45 t +90  

Job vacancy rate by CZ-NACE section

8. Coherence and comparability Top

A single methodology is used within the whole country. No methodology change has been introduced. The statistics is comparable since 2005. No interruption of the time series since 2005.

An in-depth one-off comparison was made with the results of the large scale pilot survey that was carried out in August 2005. A more complete presentation of the results of that pilot survey, and of the comparison of the administrative and statistical survey data was provided in the final report of the PHARE 2003 project on job vacancies.

8.1. Comparability - geographical
Information on differences between national and European concepts, and — to the extent possible — their effects on the estimation.
No difrerences between national and European concepts. The CZSO has fully implemented the recommendations of Eurostat with respect to the definitions of concepts, the use of standard classifications, the coverage of the compiled results, the choice of type of statistical unit, and the choice of a quarterly and annual frequencies, the resulting data are believed to be largely comparable with that of other EU Member States.
8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient


8.2. Comparability - over time
Information on changes in definitions, coverage and methods in any two consecutive quarters, and their effects on the estimation. Remarks
There are no changes in definitions, coverage and methods in any two consecutive quarters.  
8.2.1. Length of comparable time series


8.3. Coherence - cross domain
Comparisons of data on the number of vacant jobs from other relevant sources when available, in total and broken down by NACE at section level when relevant, and reasons if the values differ considerably.
The Beveridge Curve reflects the relationship between vacancies and unemployment (see annex).

Regarding the comparision of employees (LFS data) and occupied posts (JVS data), the differences are only slight and inconsequential.

CZ Beveridge Curve 2021
CZ Comparison of JVS with LFS data 2021
8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics


8.5. Coherence - National Accounts


8.6. Coherence - internal

Statistics are fully consistent.

9. Accessibility and clarity Top

The CZSO publishes the quarterly JVS data in the publication “Indicators of Social and Economic Development of Czechia” 90 days after the end of a reference quarter.

9.1. Dissemination format - News release


9.2. Dissemination format - Publications
Dissemination scheme, including to whom the results are sent Periodicity of national publication  References for publications of core results, including those with commentary in the form of text, graphs, maps, etc.  Information on what results, if any, are sent to reporting units included in the sample 
The CZSO publishes the quarterly JVS in the publication of Social and Economic Development of Czechia 90 days after the end of a reference quarter. quarterly  Indicators of Social and Economic Development of Czechia - 4. quarter of 2021 Job vacancies data come from administrative data registers of the Labour Office of Czechia. Data on occupied posts come from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) performed by the CZSO. Therefore this question is not applicable.

Indicators of social and economic development of Czechia - 4th quarter of 2021
9.3. Dissemination format - online database


9.3.1. Data tables - consultations


9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access


9.5. Dissemination format - other


9.6. Documentation on methodology


9.7. Quality management - documentation
Description of and references for metadata provided References for core methodological documents relating to the statistics provided Description of main actions carried out by the national statistical services to inform users about the data Remarks
Metadata are sent to Eurostat in each referenced period together with relevant data. Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 The publication is available in both Czech and English at the following address:


Ukazatele sociálního a hospodářského vývoje České republiky
Indicators of Social and Economic Development of the Czech Republic
9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate


9.7.2. Metadata - consultations


10. Cost and Burden Top


11. Confidentiality Top

Data on JVS are not considered confidential in Czechia and data transmitted to Eurostat are not marked as confidential.

11.1. Confidentiality - policy


11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment
Disclosure rules: Brief description of when data have to be deleted for reasons of confidentiality
It does not appear.

12. Comment Top
Special remarks

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top