International trade in goods (ext_go_agg)

National Reference Metadata in Euro SDMX Metadata Structure (ESMS)

Compiling agency: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia

Time Dimension: 2000-A0

Data Provider: RS1

Data Flow: COMEXT_ESMSXTC_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Metadata update
3. Statistical presentation
4. Unit of measure
5. Reference Period
6. Institutional Mandate
7. Confidentiality
8. Release policy
9. Frequency of dissemination
10. Accessibility and clarity
11. Quality management
12. Relevance
13. Accuracy
14. Timeliness and punctuality
15. Coherence and comparability
16. Cost and Burden
17. Data revision
18. Statistical processing
19. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
1.2. Contact organisation unit G5: International trade in goods
1.5. Contact mail address 2920 Luxembourg LUXEMBOURG


2. Metadata update Top
2.1. Metadata last certified 12/09/2013
2.2. Metadata last posted 12/09/2013
2.3. Metadata last update 12/09/2013


3. Statistical presentation Top
3.1. Data description

Information not provided by Serbia.

3.2. Classification system

Country:

Geonomenclature 2-alpha

Product:

Combinated Nomenclature CN8++

3.3. Coverage - sector

External trade data.

3.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

STATISTICAL CONCEPT:

Serbia compiles its external trade statistics in accordance with the United Nations recommendations contained in the International Merchandise Trade Statistics: Concepts and Definitions, published in 2010, as well as Statistics on the trading of goods-User guide (methods and nomenclatures), European Commission, Eurostat, 2006.

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia compiles External Trade Statistics according to the General and Special trade system from January 2010 for both flows (imports and exports). Data are publishing by general trade system and sending to Eurostat by special trade system.

Special trade system in the Republic of Serbia covers:

- on export, goods leaving the statistical territory in accordance with one of the following customs procedures or Customs-approved treatment or use, laid down in the Customs Code i.e. exports flows come from free circulation area, premises for inward processing or industrial free zones:

a) exports of domestic goods originating in the free circulation area or industrial free zones directly to the rest of the world;

b) exports of domestic goods on outward processing;

c) re-exports following either inward processing procedure or processing under Customs control procedure.

- on import, goods entering the statistical territory in accordance with one of the following customs procedures laid down in the Customs Code i.e. imports flows come from the rest of the world or customs transit (goods redirected from customs transit to remain in the statistical territory), premises for customs warehousing or commercial free zones:

a) imports of foreign goods into free circulation area;

b) imports of foreign goods on inward processing;

c) re-imports following outward processing procedure or processing under customs control.

General trade system in the Republic of Serbia covers:

- on export, goods leaving the statistical territory, with the exception of goods in transit, in accordance with one of the following customs procedures or Customs-approved treatment or use, laid down in the Customs Code i.e. exports flows come from free circulation area, premises for inward processing or industrial free zones; premises for customs warehousing or commercial free zones:

(a) exports of domestic goods from any part of the statistical territory, including free zones and customs warehouses;

(b) re-exports of foreign goods from any part of the statistical territory, including free zones and customs warehouses.

- on import, goods entering the statistical territory, with the exception of goods in transit, in accordance with one of the following customs procedures laid down in the Customs Code i.e. imports flows come from the rest of the world or from customs transit (goods redirected from customs transit to remain in the economic territory):

(a) imports of foreign goods;

(b) re-imports of domestic goods.

Following goods are excluded from Republic of Serbia's External Trade Statistics:

(a) monetary gold (The exclusion is based on CN commodity code 71082000);

(b) means of payment which are legal tender and securities, including means which are payments for services such as postage, taxes, user fees (The exclusion is based on CN 49070010, CN 49070030 codes);

(c) goods for or following temporary use (e.g. hire, loan, operational leasing), provided all the following conditions are met:

- no processing is or was planned or carried out,

- the expected duration of the temporary use was or is not intended to be longer than 24 months,

- no change of ownership took place or is intended to take place;

(The exclusion is based on asked customs procedure code: 53)

(d) goods used as carriers of customised information including software,

(not recorded by Customs);

(e) software downloaded from the Internet (not recorded by Customs);

(f) goods supplied free of charge which are themselves not the subject of a commercial transaction, provided that their movement is with the sole intention of preparing or supporting an intended subsequent trade transaction by demonstrating the characteristics of goods or services such as: — advertising material — commercial samples (The exclusion is based on Customs procedure codes 2300 and 5300);

(g) goods for and after repair and replacement parts that are incorporated in the framework of the repair and the replaced defective parts (The exclusion based on codes of Nature of Transaction 42, 43 52 and 53 );

(h) means of transport travelling in the course of their work, including spacecraft launchers at the time of launching (not recorded by Customs);

(i) goods declared orally to Customs Authorities which are either of a commercial nature provided that their value does not exceed the statistical thresholds in terms of value and/or quantity, or of a non-commercial nature(oral declarations are not allowed by Customs Authorities );

(j) goods released for free circulation after being subject to the customs procedures of inward processing or processing under Customs control (The exclusion is based on customs procedure 4051 and 4091).

3.5. Statistical unit

Information not provided by Serbia.

3.6. Statistical population

Information not provided by Serbia.

3.7. Reference area

Information not provided by Serbia.

3.8. Coverage - Time

The data are available in COMEXT from January 2005.

3.9. Base period

Information not provided by Serbia.


4. Unit of measure Top

VALUATION:

Serbia values its imports on a cost, insurance and freight (CIF-type) valuation while exports are valued on a free on board (FOB-type) valuation. Valuation is consistent with the WTO Agreement on valuation, and weights are determined on a net weight basis in kilogram. As Customs provide the invoice value and the delivery terms the conversion to statistical value is made by the Statistical Office.


5. Reference Period Top

The date of submission of the customs declaration is used as an approximation for the time when goods enter/leave your territory.


6. Institutional Mandate Top
6.1. Institutional Mandate - legal acts and other agreements

Information not provided by Serbia.

6.2. Institutional Mandate - data sharing

Information not provided by Serbia.


7. Confidentiality Top
7.1. Confidentiality - policy

Council Regulation (CE) No 322/97 of 17 February 1997 (OJ No L 52/1) and Council Regulation (EURATOM, EEC) no 1588/90 of 11 June 1990 on the transmission of the data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities (OJ No L 151/ 1) stipulates the detailed rules used for receiving, processing and disseminating the confidential data.

At national level:

The statistical confidentiality is guaranteed by national legislation: The Official Statistics Law (Official gazette of RS, number 104/2009), in Chapter IX, Articles 44-49, stipulates the issue of data confidentiality. Current practices with regards to disclosure and confidentiality are broadly consistent with EU legislation. Confidentiality is applied to some CN codes using recommendations given in DOC MET 400. This data is included in Chapter 99.

Passive confidentiality is in use at SORS for external trade statistics but there is the possibility of using active confidentiality as it is specified in Serbian law.

Company/individual trader detail is not made public.

7.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

The Official Statistics Law of 2009 is the mandate for the production and dissemination of official statistics.

The SAD was introduced in 1995. It is completely harmonized with the EU SAD since 2004.


8. Release policy Top
8.1. Release calendar

There is no release calendar for the dissemination of Serbia data in Comext.

At national level, there is a release calendar and the data are published monthly at an aggregate level on the internet.

8.2. Release calendar access

Information not provided by Serbia.

8.3. Release policy - user access

Data are disseminated simultaneously to all interested parties through the Comext database.

Only the Eurostat Unit G5 “International Trade ” has access to data before Comext release.

At national level, no state institutions are supplied with data before the official release.


9. Frequency of dissemination Top

Monthly data.


10. Accessibility and clarity Top
10.1. Dissemination format - News release

News releases on line.

10.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Statistical Yearbook of Serbia, section 14 of which is dedicated to external trade statistics Monthly Statistical Review.

These publications are also available on internet in the form of PDF files.

News releases are available on internet in the form of excel and PDF files.

10.3. Dissemination format - online database

On-line, publications, supply to order.

The on-line data is available at an aggregate level broken down by country and chapter: http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/public/ReportView.aspx

10.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Data are transmitted by e-Damis to Eurostat.

10.5. Dissemination format - other

There are no Eurostat official comments on the occasion of the release of the data.

10.6. Documentation on methodology

The methodology is available for the public on Internet in English: http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/WebSite/Public/PageView.aspx?pKey=260

10.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.


11. Quality management Top
11.1. Quality assurance

Information not provided by Serbia.

11.2. Quality management - assessment

Information not provided by Serbia.


12. Relevance Top
12.1. Relevance - User Needs

Information not provided by Serbia.

12.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Information not provided by Serbia.

12.3. Completeness

Information not provided by Serbia.


13. Accuracy Top
13.1. Accuracy - overall

Information not provided by Serbia.

13.2. Sampling error

Information not provided by Serbia.

13.3. Non-sampling error

Information not provided by Serbia.


14. Timeliness and punctuality Top
14.1. Timeliness

Data available at Eurostat 40 days after reporting month.

At national level, 30 or 31 days following reporting month.

14.2. Punctuality

Information not provided by Serbia.


15. Coherence and comparability Top
15.1. Comparability - geographical

Information not provided by Serbia.

15.2. Comparability - over time

Information not provided by Serbia.

15.3. Coherence - cross domain

Information not provided by Serbia.

15.4. Coherence - internal

Information not provided by Serbia.


16. Cost and Burden Top

Information not provided by Serbia.


17. Data revision Top
17.1. Data revision - policy

REVISION POLICY:

Corrections to errors in customs declarations detected by the Customs are regularly included in monthly data deliveries to statistics. Errors detected by the NSI and the National Bank are regularly (monthly) sent to Customs but are corrected and included at least by the time the final annual data are delivered.

No revisions are made to data published monthly.

For data sent to Eurostat and some other institutions (e.g. UN, National Bank of Serbia), the new data replaces that previously transmitted.

Final data for the previous year are available in the mid of July.

17.2. Data revision - practice

No revisions are made to data published monthly.


18. Statistical processing Top
18.1. Source data

Only Customs data.It is planned to introduce additional data sources as postal system for the data of goods that is without economic importance accompanied by an invoice with a total value up to 1000 EUR or in another currency of the same value and Public Enterprise “Serbian Transmission System and Market Operator” (EMS) for the data about electricity.

18.2. Frequency of data collection

Information not provided by Serbia.

18.3. Data collection

TECHNIQUES OF DATA COLLECTION:

Data are received from Customs.

18.4. Data validation

Validity Checks:

On product, office, country, supplementary units, currency, company and customs procedure codes.

Logic comparison checks:

Gross and net weights; Net weight and SU quantity; SU quantity and value; Net weight, SU quantity and statistical value.

Gross and net weights (kg): a 'coefficient' (normal/average ratio between SU quantity and net weight) is determined for each tariff position that requires a SU Quantity. When data is received from Customs the ratio is calculated and compared to the expected coefficient. If the expected and calculated coefficients are too different, investigation is made and possible correction is brought to the data.

Less than 1% of records are found with a correction to be made.

Checking the statistical value:

1. The value is provided;
2. If the statistical value is the same as the invoice value (in respective currency) it is an error that shall be corrected by recalculating the invoice value (in RSD);
3. The statistical value is checked against a price basis. A system of parity place code is in use.

Note that these checks are made for import and export separately.

For exports, the following criteria are checked:
4. After inward processing, the statistical value shall be higher than invoice value;
5. When parity code is 3 (place of parity (delivery) is outside territory of Serbia) statistical value shall be lower than invoice value, however not less than 70% of invoice value;
6. When parity code is 1 (place of parity (delivery) is inside territory of Serbia), the statistical value shall be higher than invoice value, however not more than 30% above;
7. When parity code is 0 (place of parity (delivery) is at the Serbian border), the statistical value shall be equal to the invoice value.

For imports, the following criteria are checked:
4. For goods imported after outward or inward processing, the statistical value shall exceed the invoice value;
5. For imports without customs debts appearing, when parity code is 1, the statistical value may be lower than or equal to invoice value, however not less than 30% of it;
6. For imports exempted from customs duties, when parity code is 3, statistical value can be higher than or equal to invoice value, however not more than 70% above;
7. For imports exempted from customs duties, when parity code is 0, statistical value shall be equal to invoice value;
8. When customs duties apply, statistical value shall be equal to the value which represents the customs base.

Price Control:

It is based on a benchmark using the average price for each tariff number in the last five years.
It ensures that the invoice value / quantity ratio remains within certain limits. For each individual tariff number, minimum and maximum prices are defined. The relation between values (customs, invoice, statistical), related purchase costs (insurance, freight) and parity (price basis) place is also checked.

High/Low Value Control:

There is an absolute maximum and minimum value within which the value must be found.

REVISION POLICY:

Corrections to errors in customs declarations detected by the Customs are regularly included in monthly data deliveries to statistics. Errors detected by the NSI and the National Bank are regularly (monthly) sent to Customs but are corrected and included at least by the time the final annual data are delivered.
No revisions are made to data published monthly.
For data sent to Eurostat and some other institutions (e.g. UN, National Bank of Serbia), the new data replaces that previously transmitted.
Final data for the previous year are available in the mid of July.

18.5. Data compilation

Original data are transmitted to Eurostat at the maximum level of product detail (10-digits HS2012).

Eurostat is responsible for making aggregates at the lower levels of detail.

18.6. Adjustment

Estimations are made when quantities are missing in certain cases.
No estimations are made for low value trade. It is recommended that this type of below threshold trade is estimated at least at an aggregate level.
No other adjustments are made to external trade statistics data.


19. Comment Top

Not available.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top