Pupils and students - enrolments (educ_uoe_enr)

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: State Statistical Office of the Republic of North Macedonia

Time Dimension: 2019-A0

Data Provider: MK1

Data Flow: EDUCAT_ESQRS_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

State Statistical Office of the Republic of North Macedonia

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Sector of Social Statistics

Department for Education and Science

1.5. Contact mail address

State statistical office, Dame Gruev 4, 1000 Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia


2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

A general description of the statistical process and its outputs, and their evolution over time.

 

NATIONAL EDUCATION SYSTEM
The following documents provide general information on the educational system; please add the relevant links for your country.

General link to Eurydice:
https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/former-yugoslav-republic-macedonia_en
National system broad overview:
https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/former_Yugoslav_Republic_of_Macedonia:Overview
National Education System Description:
https://webgate.ec.europa.eu/fpfis/mwikis/eurydice/index.php/former_Yugoslav_Republic_of_Macedonia:Overview
National Education System - Provisions regarding language learning:
ANNEX II
Structure of Education and Training Systems:
 

 

Please, use the box below if you wish to complement or amend the information provided by Eurydice:
 

 

Link to the ISCMAP programme and qualification:
ANNEX I
National link to programmes and qualifications:
 

 

Further information on data flagged ‘d’ in the database is available to download from the Annex of the Metadata page for Education administrative data from 2013 onwards (ISCED 2011):
https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/cache/metadata/en/educ_uoe_enr_esms.htm


Annexes:
ISCMAP_MK_2018
2.2. Classification system

Not available.

2.3. Coverage - sector

Not available.

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Not available.

2.5. Statistical unit

Not available.

2.6. Statistical population

Not available.

2.7. Reference area

Not available.

2.8. Coverage - Time

Not available.

2.9. Base period

Not available.


3. Statistical processing Top

For UOE purposes, a request for data is sent to all institutions offering tuition and to the Ministry for education and science

3.1. Source data

For each UOE table, please list the source(s) used to compile information: UOE table, name, type, date of availability and responsibility.

 

Sources used for data on enrolments
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
For all levels of education from ISCED 0 to ISCED8 All data provided in the set ENROLMENT (data by type of institution, age, mobility, field of education, etc.)      survey     SSO

 

Sources used for data on entrants
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
For all levels of education from ISCED 0 to ISCED8 All data provided in the set ENTRANS (data by type of institution, age, mobility, field of education, etc.      survey     SSO

 

Sources used for data on personnel
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
For all levels of education from ISCED 0 to ISCED8 All data provided in the set PERSONNEL (data by type of institution, age, mobility, field of education, etc.  Survey and estimations     SSO

 

Sources used for data on enrolments at regional level
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
 For all levels of education from ISCED 0 to ISCED8  All data provided in the set REGIO (data by type of institution, age, mobility, field of education, etc.      survey     SSO

 

 

Sources used for data on foreign languages learning
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
 For all levels of education from ISCED 0 to ISCED8  All data provided in the set LANG (data by type of institution, age, mobility, field of education, etc.      survey     SSO

 

 

Sources used for data on graduates
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
 For all levels of education from ISCED 0 to ISCED8  All data provided in the set GRAD (data by type of institution, age, mobility, field of education, etc.      survey     SSO

 

Sources used for data on education expenditure
Detailed variables concerned Name of the source Type (Survey / Register / Estimation / Other) Responsible of the source (UOE data provider / Other: which-one?)
  For all levels of education from ISCED 0 to ISCED8  All data provided in the set  FIN (data for goverment institucions)  Ministry of education and science   Ministry of education and science
3.2. Frequency of data collection

UOE questionnaire is filled on yearly basis.

3.3. Data collection

Postal survey.

3.4. Data validation

Throughout the years, Statistical Office's been having a succesfull cooperation with educational institutions at every level. Their data and reports goes through comprehensive analisys and validation and can be considered highly reliable.

Data reported in UOE questionnaire are validated for each national statistical report or first release.

3.5. Data compilation

Operations performed on data to derive new information according to a given set of rules.

 

Weighting methods
Weighted figures for differing reference periods Weighted figures for differing theoretical ages Conversion factors from part-time to full-time equivalent (FTE) data
  No weights were used.   No weights were used.   No weights were used.

 

 

Estimations methods used in the UOE questionnaires
Type of data Detailed variables concerned ISCED level Reference year(s) Data source (internal to UOE or not) Data type (sample-based or not) Data source name in English Reason Description of the estimation method
 Personell  general/ vocational split            breakdown unavailable
Estimation made for the age of the teachers according to the orientation:general and professional.
3.6. Adjustment

Not available.


4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance

Not available.

4.2. Quality management - assessment

The UOE methodological manual supplied by Eurostat is constantly being consulted in order to ensure full conformity with Eurostat definitions.

Consistency checks are carried out with data provided from previous academic years and coherence tests are made with other auxiliary sources.


5. Relevance Top

At European level: Commission (DGs, Secretariat General), Council, European Parliament, other European Agencies.

At national level: Ministries of Education, Science and Technology development, other ministries, NSIs, etc.

Media: National public services: newspapers, radio and TV

Researches, students...

5.1. Relevance - User Needs

At European level: Commission (DGs, Secretariat General), Council, European Parliament, other European Agencies.

At national level: Ministries of Education, Science and Technology development, other ministries, NSIs, etc.

Media: National public services: newspapers, radio and TV

Researches, students...

5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

According to the Survey of user's satisfactory which conducts annualy, users has expressed a high degree of satisfaction with our overall data, which includes data from UOE survey.

5.3. Completeness

The extent to which all statistics that are needed are available.

 

ISCED levels not covered
  Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional enrolments Graduates Education expenditure
Data not covered ISCED 3 and 4: Students in combined school and work-based programme;ISCED 3 and 4:Number of srudents by age and sex; ISCED 6, 7 and 8: Number of mobile students of which - homecoming students ISCED 3 and 4:Number of srudents by age and sex          
Reasons for unavailable data and, planned actions to improve coverage Some data collection are not up to Statistical Office. At the moment, we are conducting the negotiations with Ministry of Education, Science and Technology in order to obtain the missing data. Hopefully, some of these data will be available for next round of UOE survey Data for age of students in ISCED 3 is not available because the same are not collecting          
5.3.1. Data completeness - rate

Not available.


6. Accuracy and reliability Top

SSO has full coverage of all education institutions. Micro data is collected in sufficient detail to cater for a variety of users' request. Furthermore the collection covers all mandatory information requested by Eurostat for UOE data transmission.

6.1. Accuracy - overall

High level.

6.2. Sampling error

Not applicable.

6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators

Not applicable.

6.3. Non-sampling error

See below.

6.3.1. Coverage error

Divergence between the frame population and the target population.

 

Vocational training Programmes shorter than one semester
(or Implementation of the semester rule)
Are vocational and technical training programmes in enterprises included in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If Yes, how is the 10% school based component over the whole length of the programme assessed? Do (formal) programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally, exist (YES/NO)? If Yes, how their duration (shorter than one semester) is assessed? Are all programmes of shorter duration than one semester, full time equivalent duration as defined nationally excluded from the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If NO, how does the coverage deviate from the UOE Manual recommendation?
NO   NO e.g. not applicable YES  

  

Early childhood education programmes
ISCED 01 programmes Reporting of Age in ISCED 0 Personnel in ISCED 0 What is the starting age of compulsory Primary education (ISCED 1)? This is needed for the calculation of ECE indicators such as 'Pupils aged between 4 years old and the starting age of compulsory education, by sex - as % of the population of the corresponding age group'
Do Early Childhood Educational Development programmes (ISCED 01) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?
If Yes, are these programmes included in the UOE data collection
(YES/NO)?
Are children under the age of 3 reported as participating in ISCED 02 Pre-primary education programmes? (YES/NO) If YES, please explain why. Are Classroom Teachers and Teacher Aides reported separately in the UOE data collection? (YES/NO) If NO, why? How are they reported? What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Classroom Teacher at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level. What is the minimum level of qualification required to become a Teachers’ Aide at ISCED 01 and 02? Please give ISCED level.
 YES  YES  YES Pre-primary education programmes are from 0-6 years  NO

The Classroom Teachers and Teachers Aides are not shown separately in the UOE questionnaire,  because the table of the questionnaire requires their age and number of educators employed in early childhood educational development and pre-primary.

Employe data by age is only available as a total number of employes in all programs.

Separately, data is not available by age, but it can be given as a total number of all programs.

 ISCED 6  ISCED 3  6 Years

 

Special education needs (SNE) programmes

Are students in special education included in the data provided on enrolments, entrants, graduates and regional data
(YES/NO)?
If NO, could you please specify for which questionnaires and explain why?
 YES  

 

Adult education programmes and "continuing education"

Are adult education programmes included in the data? (YES/NO)  If NO, why?  If YES, does the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual? If the national definition of “adult” or “continuing” education programmes does not fully comply with the category as defined by the UOE manual, how it is assessed that the national “adult” or “continuing” programmes are similar or equivalent to corresponding initial education? 
 YES    Yes it is fully comply with the category defined by UOE manual  

 

Students enrolled in educational institutions organised by ministries other than ministry of education

Do educational programmes organised by Ministries other than Ministry of education exist in the country (YES/NO)?  If Yes, what is the coverage of these programmes in the UOE data collection?  If Yes, and if relevant,which of those programmes are excluded from the UOE data collection?
 NO    

 

Domestic educational activities Distance learning / e-learning programmes
Are all country’s domestic educational activities reported in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)? If NO, which domestic educational activity (e.g. for example Distance learning/e-learning involving two countries, commuting students, foreign campus, European administration schools, etc.) are not reported and why? Are distance learning programmes data reported in the UOE questionnaires? (YES / NO / Partially / Not relevant) If NO, please explain why. If Partially, which ones are excluded and for what reasons? If distance students are included in the data, are national distance learners in programmes organised by institutions outside your country excluded?
YES   NO Data for distance learning programmes not collected    

 

Students participating in exchange programmes (credit mobile students) Foreign languages learning
Are students in short term postings (i.e. exchange programmes (credit mobility)) excluded from the population of students in the data collection (YES/NO)? If Yes, how the length of their stay abroad is assessed? If NO, why they are not excluded? Are students with SNE (Special Needs Education) enrolled in special schools excluded from the data on foreign languages? (YES/NO) Apart from SNE pupils, is the scope of the population the same as the total of students enrolled? (YES/NO) If NO, which pupils are not included?
NO      NO    

 

National programmes not covered by the UOE data collection, by ISCED level - Reasons why they are not covered
Programmes not covered at ISCED 0-Early childhood education Programmes not covered at ISCED 1-primary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 2-lower secondary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 3-upper secondary level of education Programmes not covered at ISCED 4-post-secondary non-tertiary education Programmes not covered at ISCED 5-short-cycle tertiary education Programmes not covered at ISCED 6– Bachelor's or equivalent level Programmes not covered at at ISCED 7 – Master's or equivalent level Programmes not covered at ISCED 8 – Doctoral or equivalent level  
                   

 

Graduates: unduplicated count
Is the method of unduplicated count used for calculation of Graduates in the UOE data collection
(YES/NO)?
If YES, please explain the method.
 NO  

 

Tertiary education programmes (ISCED Levels (5-8)
Orientation of programme in tertiary education Personnel in tertiary education, Academic staff
Does the orientation (general/academic, vocational/professional) in tertiary education (ISCED levels 5 to 7) exist in the country
(YES/NO)?
If YES, what is the national definition of the programme orientation? Are PhD candidates who are employed and hold titles such as teaching assistant, teaching associate, teaching fellow, research assistant reported as academic staff in the UOE data collection (YES/NO)?
 YES  General education programmes are designed to develop learners’ general knowledge, skills and competencies, as well as literacy and numeracy skills, often to prepare participants for more advanced education programmes at the same or a higher ISCED level and to lay the foundation for lifelong learning.

General education includes education programmes that are designed to prepare participants for entry into vocational education but do not prepare for employment in a particular occupation, trade or class of occupations or trades, nor lead directly to a labour market-relevant qualification.

Vocational education programmes are designed for learners to acquire the knowledge, skills and competencies specific to a particular occupation, trade, or class of occupations or trades. Such programmes may have work-based components.

Successful completion of such programmes leads to labour market-relevant, vocational qualifications acknowledged as occupationally-oriented by the relevant national authorities and/or the labour market.

For the  UOE 2015 data collection tables, we can not provide data according to programm orientation (Academic or Professional) for ISCED 6 but in future we'll have data for them separately.

At ISCED 7 we proved data with  programm orientation -Academic or Professional. Academic programs involve advanced research and comprehensive knowledge in scientific subjects and fields of study - advanced academic studies with more complex and specialized content.   Typically duration is 1-2 years (full time or part time) and it is finalized with submittion of a thesis or dissertation. After completion, the students continue their education at ISCED 8 level.

Professional programs involve advanced research and comprehensive knowledge in scientific subjects and fields of study advanced professional studies with more complex and specialized content.   Typically duration is 1 years (full time or part time) and it is finalized with submittion of a thesis or dissertation. After completion, the students continue their education at the same level on master's study, after completion of that the students can continue their education at ISCED 8 level.

 YES
6.3.1.1. Over-coverage - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.1.2. Common units - proportion

Not applicable.

6.3.2. Measurement error

Not applicable.

6.3.3. Non response error

Not applicable.

6.3.3.1. Unit non-response - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.3.2. Item non-response - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.4. Processing error

Not applicable.

6.3.4.1. Imputation - rate

Not applicable.

6.3.5. Model assumption error

Not applicable.

6.4. Seasonal adjustment

Not applicable.

6.5. Data revision - policy

Not available.

6.6. Data revision - practice

Any change in a value of a statistic released to the public.

 

Type of data reviewed Detailed variables concerned Reference time period Year when the revision was made Reason having led to the revision Consequences on accuracy
           
6.6.1. Data revision - average size

Not available.


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top

Not available.

7.1. Timeliness

Length of time between data availability and the event or phenomenon they describe. Typically includes:

 

Information related to the latest reference year (academic year t-t+1, or financial year t)
Data collection Post-collection phase Dissemination/publication in your country Additional comments on deadlines and timeliness
Type of data Start date End date Start date End date Start date End date
 annually  2015-09-01  2016-08-31      2017-03-26  2017-06-24  
7.1.1. Time lag - first result

Not available.

7.1.2. Time lag - final result

Not available.

7.2. Punctuality

All data were delivered respecting the given deadline.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication

The number of days between the delivery/release date of data and the target date on which they were scheduled for delivery/ release.

 

Submission dates for the latest reference year (academic year t-t+1, or financial year t)
Deadline for transmission of data: 30 September t+2 Deadline for transmission of data: 30 November of t+2
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure
 2016-09-30   2016-09-30   2016-09-30   2016-09-30   2016-09-30  2016-11-21  

 

If relevant,reasons for late delivery and action taken or planned for improving punctuality
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure
             


8. Coherence and comparability Top
8.1. Comparability - geographical

The extent to which statistics are comparable between countries.

A. Deviations between the national methodology and the UOE Manual: non financial data

Reference period Data collection period Reference date for student and personnel ages
There are not statistical differences between the process and the relevant regulations and standards There are no statistical differences between the process and the relevant regulations and standards  

 

Enrolment: data collection period Enrolment in multiple fields of education Count of students: if relevant, detailed list of variables for which double counting are significant and why. Regional enrolment Foreign languages learning
There are not statistical differences between the process and the relevant regulations and standards There are not statistical differences  There are statistical differences,

but it is not double counting of students actually can not separate certain fields (e.g.physical sciences with manufactoring and procesing; busines and administration with low in ISCED3)

not available There are differences in the variables of age

 

Entrants New entrants by field of education Graduates from specific programmes Graduates by field of education
There are not statistical differences between the process and the relevant regulations and standards There are differences in the variables, We have data for total number of gen+vocational students by field of educaton for ISCED 3 There are not statistical differences There are not statistical differences

 

Educational personnel in work- and school-based combined programmes Educational personnel taxonomy: classroom teachers (ISCED 0-4) and academic staff (ISCED 5-8) Educational staff at ISCED level 0 Educational personnel at ISCED levels 5-8 Educational personnel and temporary replacements
 not available There are not statistical differences  not available There are differences, because we can't prove data for general and vocational programmes  not available

 

B. Deviations between the national methodology and the UOE Manual: financial data

Expenditure at the pre-primary level - the childcare component
Reference period Expenditure at the pre-primary level: is the childcare component excluded (yes/no/partially)? If yes, which is exactly the share of "day care component" to be excluded from the data on the pre-primary level? If no, which estimation method is used to determine the share? Expenditure for teaching/academic hospitals Ancillary services expenditure Evening child care
           

 

Cost of a dual-system programme to the employer. Adjustment of enrolments in case there is no data on expenditure at the workplace Expenditure for contributions on pension schemes Households' payments for private tutering Student living costs Ancillary services coverage
           
8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient

Not applicable.

8.2. Comparability - over time

The extent to which statistics are comparable or reconcilable over time.

 



Main changes compared to data transmitted for the previous reference period
Enrolments Entrants Personnel Foreign languages learning Regional data Graduates Education expenditure
Changes in the educational system  not available   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available
Changes in the coverage   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available
Changes in the methodology   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available
Other changes   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available   not available

 

Main changes over time
Type of data Detailed variables concerned Reference year(s) Changes in the educational system Changes in the coverage Changes in the methodology Other changes
Data for Doctoral or equivalent level
(ISCED 8)
All variables for doctors 2010 Break in series due to changes in the legislation, transition of the mentoring system in Bologna program      
8.2.1. Length of comparable time series

Not available.

8.3. Coherence - cross domain

The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources or statistical domains.

 

Name of the national publication Coherence issues
 We have not made any analysis in terms of the coherence of the data  
8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

Not available.

8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

The extent to which statistics are reconcilable with National Accounts.

 

Calculation method Scope of education
E.g. The UOE educational expenditure data are compiled on a cash accounting rather than an accrual accounting basis as recommended by the national accounts framework. e.g. In the UOE data collection, ministries and administrative bodies should also be regarded as "education" and their expenditures counted, whereas in the national account such bodies are part of government administration.
8.6. Coherence - internal

Not available.


9. Accessibility and clarity Top

During of 2015, two new  publicatons  containing UOE data were published, on Macedonian and English, in electronic version.

News releases focused on student enrolments and graduates respectively

http://makstat.stat.gov.mk/PXWeb/pxweb/en/MakStat/?rxid=46ee0f64-2992-4b45-a2d9-cb4e5f7ec5ef

http://makstat.stat.gov.mk/PXWeb/pxweb/en/MakStat/?rxid=46ee0f64-2992-4b45-a2d9-cb4e5f7ec5ef

 

Education statistics are also included in Statistical yearbook  which is available in paper and electronic publication

http://www.stat.gov.mk/PrikaziPublikacija_en.aspx?id=34&rbr=674

9.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not available.

9.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Not available.

9.3. Dissemination format - online database

Not available.

9.3.1. Data tables - consultations

Not available.

9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not available.

9.5. Dissemination format - other

Not available.

9.6. Documentation on methodology

Not available.

9.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.

9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate

Not available.

9.7.2. Metadata - consultations

Not available.


10. Cost and Burden Top

Indication of the cost associated with the collection and production of a statistical product and burden on respondents.

 

Time spent (in working days) Comments
   


11. Confidentiality Top

All information collected by the State Statistical Office are protected by the Law on State Statistics (Official Gazette No. 54/97, 21/07, 51/11, 104/13, 42/14 and 192/15) and the Programme of Statistical Surveys 2013 -2017 (Official Gazette No. 20/13, 24/14, 13/15 and 7/16).

Тhe law states that the data collected will be used internally only for statistical purposes and will not be disclosed or disclosed to third parties in any form.

Data obtained from reporting units represents an official secret and can be used exclusively in statistical researches.

11.1. Confidentiality - policy

Not available.

11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Not available.


12. Comment Top

Supplementary descriptive text can be attached to data or metadata.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
ANNEX II
Annex 1 ISCED Mapping North Macedonia