Pesticide use in agriculture (aei_pestuse)

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: Statistical Service of Cyprus (CYSTAT)


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Statistical Service of Cyprus (CYSTAT)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Agriculture Statistics Section 

1.5. Contact mail address

Statistical Service of Cyprus

Michael Karaoli str. 1444 Nicosia

Cyprus


2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

See the sub-categories below.

2.1.1. Main characteristics of statistics

A complete catalogue of crop holders of pesticides and a catalogue of the substances placed in the market in Cyprus is provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment. A survey is conducted on an annual basis with telephone interviews to agricultural holders.

The data reported are the quantity of each active substances listed in Annex III of Regulation (EC) No. 1185/2009 contained in plant protection products used on a selected crop, expressed in kg. The area treated for each substance are expressed in hectares.

The active substances are classified according to the revised Annex III of Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017 and amending Regulation (EC) No. 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides.

2.1.2. Reference period of data collection

The data collection refers to the five-year period 2015-2019.

2.1.3. National legislation
Yes
2.1.3.1. Name of national legislation

The legal basis for the collection and publication of official statistics in Cyprus is provided by the Statistics Law No. 15(I) of 2000. This Law, which repealed the previous one of 1968, is fully harmonised with the relevant statistical acquis and the patterns of European Statistical Laws. It forms the legal basis for the collection, production and dissemination of statistical information and includes general provisions governing the statistical system in Cyprus. It also specifies the tasks of the Statistical Service and redefines its role and function as the agency responsible for the production of official statistics.

2.1.3.2. Link to national legislation

http://www.cystat.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/legislation_en/legislation_en?OpenDocument 

2.1.3.3. Responsible organisation for national legislation

CYSTAT 

2.1.3.4. Year of entry into force of national legislation

The Statistics Law No. 15(I) of 2000.

2.1.3.5. Coverage of variables required under EU regulation

The survey on pesticide use covers all the variables required by the Regulation (EC) No. 1185/2009 of 25 November 2009 concerning statistics on pesticides.

2.1.3.6. Divergence national definitions from EU regulation

Not applicable

2.1.3.7. Legal obligation for respondents
Yes
2.1.4. Additional comments data description
2.2. Classification system

The classification for pesticides use is based on the Annex III of the Regulation (EC) No. 1185/2009 and the classification for crops based on the annual crop statistics Handbook 2019.

2.3. Coverage - sector

The data cover the agricultural sector. The crops selected are according to the importance for Cyprus because of they cover most of the utilised agricultural area.

2.3.1. Crops covered by the statistics

See the attached Excel file in the Annexes.

2.3.2. Commercial non-agricultural uses of pesticides

No information on commercial non-agricultural uses of pesticides are gathered.

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The data reported are the quantity of each active substances listed in Annex III of Regulation (EC) No. 1185/2009 contained in plant protection products used on a selected crop, expressed in kg. The area treated for each substance are expressed in hectares.

The active substances are classified according to the revised Annex III of Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017 and amending Regulation (EC) No. 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides.

2.5. Statistical unit

Agricultural holdings.

2.6. Statistical population

The statistical population is different from year to year according to the survey and the crops covered. 

2.7. Reference area

See sub-categories below.

2.7.1. Geographical area covered

Republic of Cyprus.

2.7.2. Inclusion of special territories
2.8. Coverage - Time

Data are available as from 2011 on an annual basis. 

2.9. Base period

Not applicable. 


3. Statistical processing Top
3.1. Source data

See the attached Excel file in the Annexes.

3.2. Frequency of data collection

Every year.

3.3. Data collection

See the attached Excel file in the Annexes.

3.4. Data validation

The Agricultural Statistics Section of CYSTAT collects annual data from the agricultural holders on the quantity of the substances used in Cyprus. Validations are preformed for possible coding errors and volume errors. Also manual checks are carried out and, where necessary, contacts with the holders are taking place for the verification of data. 

3.4.1. Data validation measures
Manual
Automatic
3.4.2. Target of data validation measures
Completeness
Outliers
Aggregates
Consistency
3.4.3. Specification target of data validation
3.5. Data compilation

The total amount of kilograms and/or litres used of every product is collected. Then by using the composition in weight, the total amount of active substance used for each product is compiled.

3.6. Adjustment

No adustments are perfomed.


4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance

Statistics are produced in accordance with the provisions of the European Statistics Code of Practice and in line with the principles governing its implementation.

4.1.1. Quality management system in organisation
Yes
4.1.2. Specification of implementation

The quality of statistics is assessed according to five quality criteria: relevance, accuracy, timeliness and punctuality, accessibility and clarity, coherence and comparability. The data are assessed taking into account Eurostat defined methodology and recommendations. On the basis of the above criteria, the data is assessed as being of good quality. CYSTAT endorses the Quality Declaration of the European Statistical System. In addition, CYSTAT is guided by the requirements provided for in Article 12 of the Statistics Law No. 15(I) of 2000 as well as Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 on European statistics, which sets out the quality criteria to be applied in the development, production and dissemination of European statistics.

4.1.3. Peer review
No
4.1.4. Main conclusions peer review

Not applicable.

4.1.5. Future quality improvements
Improve data validation
Further automation
4.1.6. Specification of quality improvements
4.1.7. Additional comments quality assurance

No additional comments.

4.2. Quality management - assessment
The survey was conducted on the basis of the Regulation (EC) No. 223/2009 on European statistics, thereby complying with the requirements of Article 12, which sets out the quality criteria to be applied in the european statistics.
4.2.1. Overall quality
Improvement
4.2.2. Relevance
Improvement
4.2.3. Accuracy and reliability
Improvement
4.2.4. Timeliness and punctuality
Improvement
4.2.5. Comparability
Improvement
4.2.6. Coherence
Improvement
4.2.7. Additional comments quality assessment

No additional comments.


5. Relevance Top
5.1. Relevance - User Needs

Eurostat, Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment, researchers, enterprises, media.

5.1.1. Unmet user needs

Not applicable.

5.1.2. Plans for satisfying unfilled user needs

All user needs are fulfilled.

5.1.3. Additional comments user needs

No additional comments.

5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

No user satisfaction survey has been conducted for the purpose of the pesticides use statistics.

5.2.1. User satisfaction survey
No
5.2.2. Year of user satisfaction survey
5.2.3. Satisfaction level
5.2.4. Additional comments user satisfaction
5.3. Completeness

 It is not applicable for Pesticide Use Statistics as there is no target on the number of data.

5.3.1. Data completeness - rate

It is not applicable for Pesticide Use Statistics as there is no target on the number of data.


6. Accuracy and reliability Top
6.1. Accuracy - overall

It is based on a sample survey, so errors from sampling are likely to occur. Coverage errors, measurement errors, non-response errors, processing errors are considered to be small but nevertheless actions are undertaken to reduce these different types of errors as much as possible.

6.1.1. Grading of accuracy
High
6.1.2. Factors lowering accuracy
Coverage error
Measurement error
Non-response error
6.1.3. Specification of factors
6.1.4. Additional comments overall accuracy
6.2. Sampling error

See the attached Excel file in the Annexes.

6.3. Non-sampling error

See sub-categories below.

6.3.1. Coverage error

Non-sampling error is not quantified, but is considered to be small. Cystat tries to reduce non-sampling error through continuous methodological improvements and survey process improvements. In particular,

  • The Agricultural Register is of fundamental importance to the compilation of the pesticides use statistics. The register is updated every year from administrative sources. 
  • A complete cataloque of crop holders of pesticides and a cataloque of substances placed in the market is provided by the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment.
  • The personnel working at the collection stage is well experienced and properly guided. 
  • The respondents are well informed about the concepts and the items that are generally to be included /excluded. Guidance is provided to the holders for providing the correct information.
  • Considering the respondent’s burden and cost, the questionnaire is designed to be clear and simple. 
  • There are many ways of trying to encourage response and minimise refusals, including reminders to the non responding units by various media (fax, telephone or e-mail). 
  • Validation checks and analyses of the information provided are being performed at all stages of the process. Errors at micro level and inconsistencies or large deviations are checked, resulting in high levels of statistical reliability. Data entry errors are often recognized with automated checks during the data editing process.
6.3.2. Measurement error

See the attached Excel file in the Annexes.

6.3.3. Non response error

See the attached Excel file in the Annexes.

6.3.4. Processing error

See the attached Excel file in the Annexes.

6.3.5. Model assumption error

Not applicable.

6.4. Seasonal adjustment

Seasonal adjustment is not applicable to pesticide use statistics since all plant protection treatments associated directly or indirectly with the crop during the reference period are reported.

6.5. Data revision - policy

There is a formal revision policy at Cystat. Cystat publishes its Revision Policy on its website, describing the general rules and principles governing the procedure of revising data published by Cystat. The policy is based on the guidelines of the European Statistical System (ESS) regarding revision policies for principal European economic indicators, also taking into account the Quality Assurance Framework of the ESS and the European Statistics Code of Practice. The policy is of a general nature, applicable to revisions in all statistical domains. Domain specific policies are described in the relevant quality reports. Any changes to such policies are pre-announced, well-documented and communicated to users appropriately.

http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/dissemination_en/dissemination_en?OpenDocument

The same practice is applied both to data released nationally and to data transmitted to Eurostat. When revised data are transmitted to Eurostat, these are flagged accordingly and accompanied by the necessary explanations.

Cystat maintains and releases a revision calendar for scheduled revisions on its website, so that users are informed in advance when revised data are released.

 http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/releasecalendar_en/releasecalendar_en?OpenDocument

6.6. Data revision - practice

If data are revised, an informative e-mail message is sent to Eurostat Unit E-1. No qualitative assessment on the average size of revisions has been performed.

6.6.1. Data revision - average size

No revision analysis have been carried out.

6.6.2. Data revisions - conceptual changes
No
6.6.3. Reason for revisions

No revision analysis have been carried out.

6.6.4. Impact of revisions
6.6.5. Additional comments data revisions

No additional comments.


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top
7.1. Timeliness

See sub-categories below.

7.1.1. Time lag - first result

 t+12 months.

7.1.2. Time lag - final result

 t+12 months.

7.1.3. Reasons for possible long production times?
7.2. Punctuality

See sub-categories below.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication

Eurostat deadlines are respected.

7.2.2. Data release according to schedule
YES
7.2.3. Data release on target date
YES
7.2.4. Reasons for delays

Deadlines are respected. No delays.


8. Coherence and comparability Top
8.1. Comparability - geographical

Data are comparable across European countries since pesticides use statistics are compiled according to harmonised quidelines.

8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient

Not applicable.

8.2. Comparability - over time

Not applicable.

8.2.1. Length of comparable time series

Not applicable.

8.3. Coherence - cross domain

Comparisons are performed on data for pesticides use and pesticides placed on the market during the five-year period. No such information is available to the public; it is only for internal use. 

8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

Not applicable.

8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

Not applicable.

8.6. Coherence - internal

No inconsisteny issues are reported.


9. Accessibility and clarity Top
9.1. Dissemination format - News release

Not applicable.

9.1.1. Publication of news releases
No
9.1.2. Link to news releases

Not applicable.

9.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Not applicable.

9.2.1. Production of paper publication
No
9.2.2. English paper publication
No
9.2.3. Production of electronic publication
No
9.2.4. English electronic publication
No
9.2.5. Link to publications

Data on pesticides use are not published at Cystat web site.

9.3. Dissemination format - online database

Not applicable.

9.3.1. Data tables - consultations

Not available

9.3.2. Accessibility of on-line database
No
9.3.3. Link to on-line database
9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Not applicable.

9.4.1. Accessibility of micro-data
No
9.4.2. Link to micro-data
9.5. Dissemination format - other

None.

9.6. Documentation on methodology

None.

9.6.1. Availability of national reference metadata
No
9.6.2. Link to national reference metadata

No available.

9.6.3. Availability of methodological papers
No
9.6.4. Link to methodological papers

Not applicable.

9.6.5. Availability of handbook
No
9.6.6. Link to handbook

Not applicable.

9.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.

9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate

Not applicable.

9.7.2. Metadata - consultations

None.

9.7.3. Availability of quality report
NO
9.7.4. Link to quality report

Not applicable.


10. Cost and Burden Top

No cost and burden has been elaborated especially for the purpose of pesticides use statistics.

10.1. Efficiency gains
Further automation
10.2. Specification efficiency gains
10.3. Measures to reduce burden
Less frequent surveys
Less variables surveyed
10.4. Specification burden reduction


11. Confidentiality Top
11.1. Confidentiality - policy
Under the provisions of the Statistics Law, all the information collected is treated as confidential and is used solely for statistical purposes. No data for any individual enterprise is published or disclosed to either public bodies or private individuals.
11.1.1. Transmission of confidential national data to Eurostat
Yes
11.1.2. Confidentiality according to Regulation
Yes
11.1.3. Data confidentiality policy

National Statistics Law No. 15(I) of 2000

http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/legislation_en/legislation_en?OpenDocument

Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics and its later amendments                                               

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:02009R0223-20150608&qid=1504858409240&from=EN

European Statistics Code of Practice 

http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-manuals-and-guidelines/-/KS-32-11-955

CYSTAT's Code of Practice for the Collection, Publication and Storage of Statistical Data.

http://www.mof.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/dmlquality_en/dmlquality_en?OpenDocument

11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

Data are flagged as confidential when transmitted to Eurostat. Confidentiality rules are followed.

11.2.1. Procedures for confidentiality

Under the provisions of the Statistics Law, all the information collected is treated as confidential and is used solely for statistical purposes. No data for any individual enterprise is published or disclosed to either public bodies or private individuals.

11.2.2. Additional comments confidentiality - data treatment

No comments.


12. Comment Top


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
ESQRS_ANNEX_PESTUSE_2015-2019