Pesticide sales (aei_fm_salpest09)

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: Central Statistical Office

Time Dimension: 2016-A0

Data Provider: PL1

Data Flow: AEI_ESQRS_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Central Statistical Office

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Agriculture Department

1.5. Contact mail address

00-925 Warsaw, Al. Niepodległości 208


2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

The survey is adjusted to the statistical requirements of the Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2009 concerning statistics on pesticides and the Commission Regulation (EU) No 656/2011 of 7 July 2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards definitions and list of active substances.
The legal basis for the survey G-04 is provided by Article 30, Point 3 of the Law of 29 June 1995 on Official Statistics (Journal of Laws No. 88, Item 439, with later amendment), and the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 21 July of 2015 on on the programme of statistical surveys of official statistics for 2016 (Dz. U. item. 2015.1304, with later amendment).
The survey is conducted by the Central Statistical Office in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, and with the Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute, Branch in Sośnicowice. The sales of plant protection products cover sales by producers and sales by importers. This is a full-scale obligatory survey. Data is collected on a yearly basis using “The report
on trade of plant protection products” in an electronic questionnaire G-04. Data may also be submitted in paper format. The report file comprises a list of entities holding a marketing and use authorisation regarding plant protection products, granted by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development. The electronic questionnaire is accompanied by an updated list of plant protection products. It was established on the basis of “The Register of Plant Protection Products which may be marketed and used”, under an
authorisation granted by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development.
In 2016 this list included 1656 plant protection products.
Reporting entities provide data through a reporting portal (available on the internet website) to the Statistical Office in Olsztyn. The acquired data is processed through a Computer System for the G04C28 Survey, based on the Windows operating system, using the NET package. The Statistical Office in Olsztyn analyses data in terms of accuracy. The result tables compiled are submitted to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), which forwards them to the Institute of Plant Protection – National
Research Institute (IPP - NRI) where the sales of plant protection products are converted from natural units into active substances. IPP – NRI compiles the final result tables.
IPP – NRI aggregates and recalculate data according to the Eurostat classification (updated Annex III to the Regulation) and indicates classes, categories and groups of ppp to be confidencial (according to the principles of the Act on Public Statistics and taking into account secondary confidentiality)

2.2. Classification system

the data are disseminated in accordance with the classification given in Annex III.

currently Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/269 of 16 February 2017 amending Regulation (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning statistics on pesticides, as regards the list of active substances,  is  in force

2.3. Coverage - sector

Annual data on the sales of each plant protection products (carried out by importers and manufacturers) covered by an authorization for the placing on the market of plant protection products given by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

total weight (in kilograms) of active substance  as listed in ANNEX III of regulation 1185/2009 which are sold in Poland during the  reference year.

2.5. Statistical unit

Kg of pesticides active substances

2.6. Statistical population

All importers and producers of ppp holding an authorization for the placing on the market of plant protection products given by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

2.7. Reference area

the survey covers whole area of Poland. No further geographical distrinction is available

2.8. Coverage - Time

The coverage time is a 12 month period in the 2016 reference year.

Sales from 2011 onwards is available

2.9. Base period

Year 2016


3. Statistical processing Top
3.1. Source data

The source dataset originates from the reports on the sales of plant protection products based on the G-04 questionnaire. These reports are submitted by producers and importers of plant protection products. This is a full-scale obligatory survey.      

3.2. Frequency of data collection

Data is collected on a yearly basis.

3.3. Data collection

Data is collected using electronic questionnaires submitted to the CSO Reporting Portal. Data in paper format may only be submitted by entities employing 5 persons at the maximum. In 2016 data in paper format was acquired from 30 entities. The reason for providing paper questionnaires stemmed from exceeding the deadline for the portal or problems related to computer hardware.

3.4. Data validation

Data validation in terms of accuracy entails comparing the sales volumes of various products in relation to the previous year. Considerable differences are clarified with persons drawing up the report. Data validation takes into consideration the relationship between the sales volumes and the agro-meteorological conditions in a given growing season. Weather conditions conductive to the development of fungal diseases, and the occurrence of pests in agricultural crops increase the market demand for certain groups of plant protection products.

3.5. Data compilation

Collective data compilations in natural units (l, kg) are submitted to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in order to develop data on the sales of plant protection products by pesticide group, product category and chemical class of active substances.

3.6. Adjustment

not applicable


4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance

The processes of data collection and data processing  is under a constant control of each involving in the survey unit. In Statistics Poland,  the G-04 survey is annually evaluated by the Quality Review carried out by the Department of Methodology, Standards and Registers. The evaluation criteria (ex ante, ex post) of statistical surveys subject to quality reviews are:

- the statistical process from the point of view of: the accuracy of the study, the burden of respondents, the costs, punctuality;

- a statistical product in terms of: the suitability of the study, its comparability and coherence.

Quality review results from the principles of the European Statistics Code of Practice and the annual action plan in terms of quality and long-term directions included in the programming documents of Polish official statistics.

Furthermore the quality is assured by the data analyses and consultations with reporting units  carried out by workers  of regional office of Statistics Poland in Olsztyn. All data are checked in terms of completeness and consistency.

4.2. Quality management - assessment

STRENGTHS:
1) Data is based on trade documentation of reporting entities;
2) Data is submitted through electronic questionnaires;
3) The respondent burden is reduced by introducing a filtering question;
4) All entities which provided a positive response to the filtering question indicated sales of at least one plant protection product.
5) Personalization on CSO webform. Entities submitted the data on sale can see the list of ppp reported in previous year

WEAKNESSES:
1) Within the currently used method of data collection, there is the small possibility of omission in the survey companies with no statistical number REGON, but authorized by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development to the marketing and use of plant protection products. We obtain missing data from those entities, from the national distributors of plant protection products, who participate in the survey.
2) The list of plant protection products was established at the end of the calendar year and therefore might not include all plant protection products admitted to use in 2016;
3) In connection with the "weaknesses" results of the report G-04 may to a small extent not reflect the actual quantity of plant protection products placed on the domestic market.


5. Relevance Top

Data on the sales volume of plant protection products may be used to asses the agricultural production conditions, the outlays incurred on agricultural production and the environmental impact. The pesticide sales statistics will be a significant element in calculating the indicators of pesticide risk. Inspectorate of Plant Healt and Seed Inspection takes into account results in the planning of official controls. The data are used to shape the overall policy for the protection of plants as well. Comparison the statistics of sales and agricultural consumption  of plant protection products is an important element in the use of data.

5.1. Relevance - User Needs

Data users include central offices, scientific and research instututies, students and enterprises operating in the agricultural sector.

5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Users of information from the report of the G-04 did not report additional needs. On this basis, we believe that they are fully satisfied with the obtained data. They make full use of the information presented in the publications of the Department of Agriculture, that is. "Agriculture in the year", "The means of production in agriculture in the farming year" and "Statistical Yearbook of Agriculture." Data from G-04 report as well as from other CSO ppp surveys was asseseed by MARD as usefull in the context of settlement of the implementation of the SUD directive

5.3. Completeness

All variables provided in the Regulation are covered by the survey.

5.3.1. Data completeness - rate

R= A (number of active substances sold) / D (number of active substances surveyed) = 249 / 533 = 0,467


6. Accuracy and reliability Top
6.1. Accuracy - overall

The report does not cover all target enterprises because the reporting obligation does not apply to the entities not holding a REGON number, which have obtained the trade and use authorisation regarding plant protection products, granted by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development. The data missing for the aforementioned reasons is  supplemented through the reports obtained from domestic distributors of plant protection products participating in the survey. Another problem is posed by those reporting entities which provided a negative response to the filtering question (satisfying their reporting obligation) while they supposedly produced/imported plant protection products in 2016. It is difficult to assess. The above mentioned data gaps probably contributed to a small extent to the final volume of sales of plant protection products in Poland.

6.2. Sampling error

not applicable

6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators

not applicable

6.3. Non-sampling error

not applicable

6.3.1. Coverage error

The report fails to cover the entities not holding a REGON number, which have obtained the trade and use authorisation regarding plant protection products, granted by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development. Pursuant to Article 30 of the Law of 29 June 1995 on Official Statistics (Journal of Laws of 2012, Item 591, with later amendments), the obligation to submit statistical data applies to those entities of the national economy which hold an identification number  in the national official register of entities of the national economy (referred to as the REGON number).  Data on sales of plant protection products for which these entities are authorized, are obtained from domestic distributors of plant protection products, who participate in the survey.

6.3.1.1. Over-coverage - rate

A2=0,0%

Number of liquidated, inactive entities = 0 in relation to all entities 99

6.3.1.2. Common units - proportion

not applicable

6.3.2. Measurement error

There were infrequent errors resulting from careless reading of survey instructions, i.e. reporting entities indicated intermediate sales. There were also technical errors in the data registration process. In order to reduce them, the registration concerned total sales which had to correspond to the sum of production sold and imports sold.

6.3.3. Non response error

With a view to achieving the highest level of completeness, the following filtering question was introduced: “Did you deal with the production or importation of plant protection products with in the reporting period?” The response to this question allows for satisfying the reporting obligation (confirming negative reports).

6.3.3.1. Unit non-response - rate

A3=38,4%  (RA03 + RA24+ RA14 / with obligation = 37+1+0/99 * 100% = 38,4%)                                       

6.3.3.2. Item non-response - rate

A4=0.0%                All entities indicated sales of at least 1 plant protection product in relation to positive units

6.3.4. Processing error

With a view to avoiding errors, certain assumptions were made to the reports verification process in logical and accounting terms.
1. In columns 0, 1 and 2  (according to the attached list of plant protection products) the following information should be entered accordingly:
    0/ name of the plant protection product,
    1/ item code,
    2/ measurement unit (letter symbol)  
2. Columns 3 – 6 are filled in by the reporting entity
3. Columns 3, 4, 5 and 6 should provide quantity data concerning:
    3/ total sales of plant protection products (by producers and importers),
    4/ sales of plant protection products by producers,
    5/ sales of plant protection products by importers,
    6/ stock at the end of the reporting period, i.e. as at 31 December, both at producers and importers.
4. In each line total sales must correspond to the sum of production sold and imports sold, i.e. column 3 + column 4 = column 5.
5. Figures in all lines in columns 3, 4, 5 and 6  must be given in natural units, i.e. in litres, kilograms and pieces, according to the list of plant protection products.
6. The filling in the same line (the same preparation) in columns 4 and 5 simultaneously by the reporting entity should be treated as a hard error.

6.3.4.1. Imputation - rate

not applicable

6.3.5. Model assumption error

not applicable

6.4. Seasonal adjustment

not applicable

6.5. Data revision - policy

not applicable

6.6. Data revision - practice

not applicable

6.6.1. Data revision - average size

not applicable


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top

The timeliness and punctuality of the actions undertaken by and between the Central Statistical Office (CSO) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) is governed by the Statistical Survey Programme of Official Statistics for 2016. It stipulates the deadline and the place of data provision by reporting entities, the deadline for the provision of collective data in natural units (l, kg) by CSO to MARD, and the deadline for the provision of result tables of sales of plant protection products, converted into active substances, by MARD to CSO. Furthermore, the issues of submitting and compiling reports based on the G-04 questionnaire between SCO and SO Olsztyn are subject to the data processing timetable developed by the Survey Programming and Coordination Department.

7.1. Timeliness

The average data dissemination time-lag at the national level is two months. The provision of data to Eurostat was made in a timely manner.

7.1.1. Time lag - first result

not applicable

7.1.2. Time lag - final result

T2=9 month ; Final data was published on 28 September 2017 in the publication "Agriculture in 2016"

7.2. Punctuality

Data is submitted in a timely manner.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication

Data is submitted in a timely manner.


8. Coherence and comparability Top

 The data are comparable to the first set of data on pesticide sales for 2005.

There is no coherence of variables with other surveys.

8.1. Comparability - geographical

not applicable

8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient

not applicable

8.2. Comparability - over time

Until 2004 not complete set of plant protection products permitted to turnover and usage was covered by statistical surveys of sales of plant protection products. The list of plant protection products was established every year by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in consultation with Main Inspectorate of Plant Health and Seed Inspection; the choice was motivated by economic meaning and by value of sales. In 2003 statistical surveys covered the sales of 357 products and in 2004 - 321 products.  Since 2005 all plant protection products allowed for using and trading in Poland are surveyed. In 2016 it was 1656

8.2.1. Length of comparable time series

144 month or 12 year (2005-2016)

8.3. Coherence - cross domain

Comparability of variables from the sale and consumption of plant protection products statistics in the range:
- the method of converting the sales/consumption of plant protection products from natural units into active substances,
- aggregation of data by Harmonised Classification of Substances.

8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

not applicable

8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

not applicable

8.6. Coherence - internal

not applicable


9. Accessibility and clarity Top

Users have access to statistical data through CSO publications and the website of MARD. The CSO publications present the sales of plant protection products at various aggregate levels by trading volume and active substance. They also include data-related remarks and a short survey methodology. The MARD website provides access to all result tables. The paper CSO publications are available for a fee while their electronic versions can be accessed free of charge.


http://stat.gov.pl/obszary-tematyczne/rolnictwo-lesnictwo/rolnictwo/rolnictwo-w-2016-roku,3,13.html

http://stat.gov.pl/obszary-tematyczne/roczniki-statystyczne/roczniki-statystyczne/rocznik-statystyczny-rolnictwa-2016,6,10.html,      

http://stat.gov.pl/obszary-tematyczne/rolnictwo-lesnictwo/rolnictwo/srodki-produkcji-w-rolnictwie-w-roku-gospodarczym-20162017,6,14.html

9.1. Dissemination format - News release

not applicable

9.2. Dissemination format - Publications

Means of production in agriculture in farming year; Agriculture in year; Statistical yearbook of agriculture

9.3. Dissemination format - online database

Currently the online database on the Ministry website is no longer available

9.3.1. Data tables - consultations

not applicable

9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Micro-data are not also disseminated.

9.5. Dissemination format - other

not applicable

9.6. Documentation on methodology

The list of plant protection products: The list of plant protection products is established using the database referred to as “The register of authorized plant protection products on the market and use”, kept by MARD. It comprises all plant protection products which have been admitted to marketing and use, together with products that could be marketed and used but have been removed from the register. While establishing the list, the following items from the database were taken into consideration: whether a given plant protection product is included in the updated register, the product authorisation date and the date of authorisation for the products which have been withdrawn from the market.
The list of producers and importers (the survey file): The list of producers and importers is established using the information included in the database referred to as “The register of authorized plant protection products on the market and use” and other information available to MARD, regarding the entities dealing with the placing of plant protection products on the market. The list of producers and importers is limited to enterprises marketing only such products that could be sold in the surveyed year. The following key was applied while selecting the enterprises to be surveyed on the sales of a give product: 1) In the case of domestic producers, the domestic producer is surveyed; 2) In the case of foreign producers, the importer is surveyed; 3) In the case of domestic importers, the domestic importer is surveyed; 4) In the case of foreign importers, or when there is no importer, the questionnaire goes to the distributor; 5) In the case of domestic distributors, the domestic distributor is surveyed; 6) In the case of foreign distributors, or when there is no distributor, the questionnaire goes to the applicant; 7) In the case of domestic applicants, the applicant is surveyed; 8) If the data base contains no information on the applicant, the data on the parallel trade permit holder, or on the marketing entity, is searched for; 9) If the parallel trade permit holder, or the marketing entity, is a foreign entity, the questionnaire should go to this foreign entity. The sales information can be requested through a representative of this entity in the Republic of Poland.
The method of converting the sales of plant protection products from natural units into active substances: The list of sales of plant protection products in natural units, established by CSO in Excel format, provides the source data. The said list is imported to the SQL Server database in IPP – NRI. The conversion into active substances entails calculating the content of active substances in each preparation and then multiplying the sales value or the preparation stock by the obtained content index. The resultant values are then aggregated by active substance. The index reflecting the active substance content in a given preparation is calculated as follows:

1) If the active substance content is in grams per 1 litre of the preparation, the formula is:         

wzsa = zsagl [g/l] / 1000

2) If the active substance content is in grams per 1 kilograme of the preparation, the formula is:     

wzsa = zsagkg [g/kg] / 1000

3) If the active substance content is given as percent of the preparation mass, the formula is:    If in this case the natural unit corresponds to litres, the sales value is additionally multiplied by the plant production product density.  

wzsa = zsa [%] / 100

wzsa – the index of the active substance content in the preparation;         

zsagl – the active substance content per 1 litre of the preparation in grams;

zsagkg – the active substance content per 1 kilogram of the preparation in grams;     

zsa – the active substance content in the preparation

9.7. Quality management - documentation

Quality control is carried out on an ongoing basis during the reporting by the rapporteurs by the means of verification process in logical and accounting terms. Next step is creation of control tables. Analysis of correctness of data is based on a comparison of the volume of sales of each pesticides compared to the previous year.



Annexes:
tables - 2013
9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate

not applicable

9.7.2. Metadata - consultations

not applicable


10. Cost and Burden Top

Labour input in the Department of Agriculture amounted to ap.1200 hours. The time spent by the Statistical Office staff on gathering and compiling data amounted to 270 hours. The respondent burden, i.e. the time spent on preparing the questionnaire data, amounted to 52 hours while the time spent on filling in the questionnaires reached 27 hours (a total of 79 hours).
The cost of the administrative respondent burdens totalled PLN 1998,31.
The burden calculations were made on the basis of an average monthly wage and salary in the national economy in 2016 (according to the announcement of the CSO President dated 9 February 2017).
Institute of Plant Protection in the Multi-Year Programme IPP-NRI for 2016-2020 leads work on the calculations, data aggregation, operation and maintenance of databases. The annual cost of these tests is about 45 thousand PLN. Please note that this amount is estimated.


11. Confidentiality Top
11.1. Confidentiality - policy

The CSO confidentiality policy is governed by the Law of 29 June 1995 on Official Statistics (Journal of Laws No. 88, Item 439, with later amendment) and by the Internal Regulation No.12 of the CSO President of 2 April 2014 – the Principles of Statistical Data Processing. The notion of statistical confidentiality is defined in the Law of 29 June 1995 on Official Statistics (Journal of Laws No. 88, Item 439, with later amendment) and, in particular, in Article 10 thereof which stipulates that “The individual and personal data collected and gathered in the statistical surveys of official statistics shall be confidential and subject to particular protection; the data shall be used exclusively for statistical calculations, compilations and analyses, and for the creation by the statistical services of official statistics sampling frames for statistical surveys conducted by those services; provision or use of individual and personal data for other purposes than specified above shall be prohibited”. Article 12 of the said Law also refers to statistical confidentiality. It provides a detailed list of staff members of the official statistical services. Having direct access to individual and personal data, they shall be obliged to observe statistical confidentiality without exceptions. They may be allowed to perform statistical activities only after delivering an oath in a written form in a statistical office. The content of the oath, as included in the final paragraph of Article 12, is as follows:
“I promise that I will carry out my tasks on behalf of the official statistics dutifully, in accordance with the professional ethics of a statistician and that I shall keep secret from third parties the individual data known to me while performing those tasks”.

11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

The principles of treating datasets are governed by Internal Regulation No. 7 of the CSO President of 16 February 2012 – the Principles of Statistical Data Treatment. Article 38 of the Law on Official Statistics is another important provision regarding statistical confidentiality. Paragraph 1 thereof stipulates that “It shall not be allowed to publish or disseminate individual data obtained in the statistical services of official statistics”, which refers to any statistical information which can be linked to, or which can identify, a natural person.
The reference article, in connection with Article 10, obliges the staff of the official statistical services to comply with statistical confidentiality in such a way that no personal or individual data, or data characterising economic results of entities in the national economy conducting business activity, can be disseminated, especially if the aggregated data consists of less than three entities or the share of one entity in the compilation is higher than the three-fourths of the total.  In 2016, in the issue of secrecy of categories and groups of active substances of plant protection products, expertise method was applied. It involved an individual analysis of the records indicated to secrecy by the IOR Sośnicowice in terms of purposefulness.  Additionaly IPP developed a database scipt to identify cells to make confidential, stating as well the justification for secrecy.


12. Comment Top

no comments



Annexes:
control tables - 2015
G-04 form


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
Control tables - 2011
G-04 The report on trade of plant protection products - 2011
control tables - 2012
G04 - 2013
G04 form - 2014
control tables - 2014