Pesticide sales (aei_fm_salpest09)

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: Ministry of Environment and Food of DenmarkEnvironmental Protection Agency

Time Dimension: 2016-A0

Data Provider: DK7

Data Flow: AEI_ESQRS_A


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark
Environmental Protection Agency

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Pesticides & Biocides

1.5. Contact mail address

Haraldsgade 53

2100 - København Ø


2. Statistical presentation Top

The harmonized classification of active substances, presented in the Annex III of Regulation 1185/2009 was used.

2.1. Data description

According to the Order of pesticides, holders of biocide and plant protection product authorizations are obliged to report annual sales in kilograms or liters sold to the Danish market. Only products for which the company has an authorization from the EPA should be included in the report. Danish authorisation holders must submit data electronically and foreign authorisations by email.

The sale on biocide and plant protection product has changed dramatically over the last years. A new pesticide tax was introduced in 2013, the tax increases the cost of the pesticides causing the highest load and motivates farmers to reduce their use and load.  The farmers bought pesticides to stock in 2012 and 2013, where the sale peaked. Therefore the sale for 2014 has been very low. In 2015 and 2016, the sale has increased again but is still to some extent affected by the stock piling in 2012 and 2013.

2.2. Classification system

The harmonized classification of active substances, presented in the Annex III of Regulation 1185/2009 was used.

2.3. Coverage - sector

Authorisation holders of plant protection products.

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

Concepts and definitions of Regulation 1185/2009 are applied

2.5. Statistical unit

Kilogram

2.6. Statistical population

Authorisation holders: 146

Plant protection products: 642

2.7. Reference area

Denmark

2.8. Coverage - Time

Annual

2.9. Base period

Year 2016


3. Statistical processing Top

See below

3.1. Source data

Only few authorisation holders have not reported the sale, and this includes only authorisation holders with an assumed minor or no sale at all.

3.2. Frequency of data collection

Data are collected once a year.

3.3. Data collection

The Danish EPA sends a letter or email to all Danish and foreign authorisation holders in December to request for information on the sales of plant protection and biocidal products in Denmark. Holders of biocide and plant protection product authorizations are obliged to report annual sales in kilograms or liters sold to the Danish market. Only products for which the company has an authorization from the EPA should be included in the report. The Danish EPA enclose a list of the products that are approved by the Danish EPA. The filled in form must be returned.  In the letter is also stated that for liquids sold, the amounts must be reported in liter product, and for solids sold, amounts must be reported in kg product and if no amount is sold, a zero must be reported. Final is mentioned the infringement procedure. Reminders are sent in February.

 

Danish authorisation holders must submit data electronically (at www.virk.dk), when they are submitting a list of their products is shown to ease the entering.

3.4. Data validation

The data are being examined in order to identify possible mistakes - e.g. a wrong decimal separator resulting in unrealistic orders of magnitude.

3.5. Data compilation

Spread sheets and a new IT systems with at database.

3.6. Adjustment

See above


4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance

Not available.
New concept added with the migration to SIMS 2.0.
Information (content) will be available after the next collection.

4.2. Quality management - assessment

Because the reporting of sales is obligatory to all authorisation holders, we believe the data to be very reliable - as far as sales are concerned.

However, with respect to interpreting them in terms of consumption, the reliability is quite limited.

The sale on biocide and plant protection product has changed dramatically over the last years. A new pesticide tax was introduced in 2013, the tax increases the cost of the pesticides causing the highest load and motivates farmers to reduce their use and load.  The farmers bought pesticides to stock in 2012 and 2013, where the sale peaked. Therefore the sale for 2014 has been very low. In 2015 and 2016, the sale has increased again but the data are still affected by the stock piling in 2012 and 2013.

In order to increase the interpretation possibilites, we always calculate 3-year averages, which allows us to draw some conclusions regarding the development of the pestiicde consumption based on the sales statistics, we believe.


5. Relevance Top

The need for sales statistics is met, while we still need reliable consumption data.

5.1. Relevance - User Needs

Users are politicians, agriculture, NGOs and citizens.

The data are used for following the target in the Danish Pesticide strategy 2013-2016 (yet under negotiation). The overall goal in the strategy is to reduce the pesticide load by 40 % by the end of 2015 compared with 2011. The target is in pesticide load and not amount of sold products. This goal has been met in 2015 and 2016 and the pesticide load tax is now being evaluated to set the new target in the Danish Pesticide strategy 2017-2021.

5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Missing

5.3. Completeness

See above.

5.3.1. Data completeness - rate

We receive reliable information, from far more than 90% of the authorisation holders.


6. Accuracy and reliability Top

See below

6.1. Accuracy - overall

See above.

6.2. Sampling error

All of the authorisation holders are obliged to report the annual sale.

6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators

We are not sampling

6.3. Non-sampling error

Not relevant.

6.3.1. Coverage error

No frame population is used since all authorisation holders are asked for reporting their sale.

6.3.1.1. Over-coverage - rate

Not relevant.

6.3.1.2. Common units - proportion

Not relevant.

6.3.2. Measurement error

Not relevant

6.3.3. Non response error

The amount of missing values is close to zero because of the obligatory sales reports.

6.3.3.1. Unit non-response - rate

Next to nothing

6.3.3.2. Item non-response - rate

Next to nothing

6.3.4. Processing error

See below

6.3.4.1. Imputation - rate

Next to nothing

6.3.5. Model assumption error

Not relevant.

6.4. Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

6.5. Data revision - policy

We do not publish preliminary data.

However, it sometimes happens that authorisation holders realise that they made mistakes in their reports, when they see the published statistics.

See below

6.6. Data revision - practice

In case of errors, we publish a "correction sheet" on the same link as the published statistics, so that people can see it.

6.6.1. Data revision - average size

Usually, we have a single correction each year. In the publisehd correction sheet, we estimate the magnitude of the change that correction of the error results in.


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top
7.1. Timeliness

The data for 2016 were collected in January 20176 with a deadline of the 15th of February 2017. However, a full data set is received mid April.

The publication “The pesticide statistics” include both sale and use of pesticides (reported by the farmers), therefore the report is published in the autumn. For 2016 the pesticide statistics was delayed and published 1th of December 2017.

7.1.1. Time lag - first result

No "first" results are published. See above for further information on publication.

7.1.2. Time lag - final result

See above for further information on publication.

7.2. Punctuality

See above.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication

See above.


8. Coherence and comparability Top

Not relevant.

8.1. Comparability - geographical

Our statistics are national.

8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient

Not relevant.

8.2. Comparability - over time

We believe, that we can compare the statistics from year to year and that we are able to do that for a period of about 20 years

8.2.1. Length of comparable time series

20 years

8.3. Coherence - cross domain

Not relevant.

8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

See above

8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

See above

8.6. Coherence - internal

See above


9. Accessibility and clarity Top

See below

9.1. Dissemination format - News release

When we publish the annual report with pesticide sales statistics, we make a press release.

9.2. Dissemination format - Publications

A report from the Danish EPA.

http://mst.dk/virksomhed-myndighed/bekaempelsesmidler/sproejtemidler/statistik/landbrug-mv/

9.3. Dissemination format - online database

The database with the numbers is not online

9.3.1. Data tables - consultations

Not relevant

9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

Only aggregated data on active subtance level are published.

9.5. Dissemination format - other

None

9.6. Documentation on methodology

In each report, the methodology is described.

9.7. Quality management - documentation

We have a Standard Operation Procedure for production of the annual report.

9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate

Not relevant.

9.7.2. Metadata - consultations

Not relevant


10. Cost and Burden Top

Time spent in the EPA: 20% of one man year

Time spent for the authorisation holders:  1 – 7 hours

Costs for the EPA time: DKK 200.000

Costs for the EPA IT-solution: DKK 150.000

Costs for the authorisation holders to the EPA: DKK 500 per products, in total to the EPA: DKK 577.000


11. Confidentiality Top

The information regarding sales sf the individual products are not published but the sales of each active ingredient are.

11.1. Confidentiality - policy

As mentioned above only the non-confidential data are published.

11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

The sales data for every product is only availbale in the Danish EPA to the people that work specifically with producing the yearly reports.


12. Comment Top

No further comments.


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top