Pesticide sales (aei_fm_salpest09)

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: Statistical Service of Cyprus (CYSTAT)

Time Dimension: 2017-A0

Data Provider: CY1

Data Flow: AEI_ESQRS_A

Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)

For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT


1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Statistical Service of Cyprus (CYSTAT)

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Agricultural Statistics Section 

1.5. Contact mail address

Michalaki Karaoli Street, 1444 Nicosia, Cyprus

2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

A complete catalogue of suppliers of pesticides and a catalogue of the substances that are in the market is provided by the Department of Agriculture of the Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Environment for the purpose of the survey conducted.

A questionnaire is prepared by the Agricultural Statistics Section as well as the software for the data entry and the statistical analysis. 

Meetings with all the suppliers are conducted to explain the purposes and the methodology of the survey. The questionnaire is sent to the suppliers to be filled in by e-mail or post.

2.2. Classification system

The official classification is specified in Annex III of Regulation (EC) No. 1185/2009 on statistics of pesticides is followed.

2.3. Coverage - sector

The survey covers all pesticide suppliers in Cyprus.

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

The quantities of active substances of pesticides' sales.

2.5. Statistical unit

Pesticides suppliers. 

2.6. Statistical population

 There are only 11 suppliers of pesticides in Cyprus, therefore there is a full coverage.

2.7. Reference area

Republic of Cyprus.

2.8. Coverage - Time

Data are available as from 2011 on an annual basis. 

2.9. Base period

Not applicable.

3. Statistical processing Top
3.1. Source data

The data set is based on a survey.

3.2. Frequency of data collection


3.3. Data collection

The data collection is undertaken  by the Agricultural Statistics Section of CYSTAT through postal or e-mail questionnaires addressed to the suppliers.

3.4. Data validation

The Agricultural Statistics Section of CYSTAT receives annual data from all pesticides suppliers regarding the quantity of the substances that are sold in Cyprus. Validations are preformed for possible coding errors and volume errors. Also manual checks are carried out and, where necessary, contacts with enterprises/suppliers are taking place for the verification of data. 


3.5. Data compilation

The data compilation is undertaken entirely by the Agricultural Statistics Section. Manual checks are carried out and, where necessary, contacts with enterprises/suppliers are taking place for the verification of data. 

3.6. Adjustment

No adjustments are made.

4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance

Statistics are produced in accordance with the provisions of the European Statistics Code of Practice and in line with the principles governing its implementation.

4.2. Quality management - assessment

The quality of statistics is assessed according to five quality criteria: relevance, accuracy, timeliness and punctuality, accessibility and clarity, coherence and comparability. The data are assessed taking into account Eurostat defined methodology and recommendations. On the basis of the above criteria, the data is assessed as being of good quality.

5. Relevance Top
5.1. Relevance - User Needs

Statistics on sales of pesticides are requested by Eurostat, the Department of Agriculture, individuals users.

5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction

Not applicable.

5.3. Completeness

The data are transmitted to Eurostat at the level of detail required by the Regulation (EC) No. 1185/2009 on statistics of pesticides.

5.3.1. Data completeness - rate


6. Accuracy and reliability Top
6.1. Accuracy - overall

The primary objective is the accurate and reliable data on pesticides. For this purpose, a multilevel checking system of the questionnaires is set up after the completion of the data collection. Results are evaluated after the data analysis and are compared with information received from administrative sources.

6.2. Sampling error

As there are only 11 suppliers of pesticides in the country, the survey is exhaustive. Data are not subject to sampling errors because they are based on a census.

6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators

Not applicable.

6.3. Non-sampling error

For the pesticides' sales data, non-sampling errors are not quantified. Cystat tries to reduce non-sampling errors through continuous process improvements which can help avoiding coding and typing errors.

  • The personnel working is very well experienced and properly guided in order to be able to deal with difficult cases.
  • At the stage of coding, basic checks are being performed regarding the contents of the filled questionnaires received. The common errors are measurement errors or incomplete information.
  • After the punching of the data, exhaustive checks are applied for quality purposes. 
  • Appropriate validation procedures are applied at micro level and the following actions are performed: 1) monitoring and analyzing the data completeness, 2) consulting with the reporting units to confirm data. 
  • Controls on aggregated data are also performed before their release. 
6.3.1. Coverage error

Full coverage is achieved. Over-coverage - rate

Not applicable. Common units - proportion

Not applicable.

6.3.2. Measurement error

Not applicable.

6.3.3. Non response error

Not applicable. Unit non-response - rate

No non-response units. Item non-response - rate

No non-response items.

6.3.4. Processing error

Appropriate validation procedures are applied at micro level and the following actions are performed: 1) monitoring and analyzing the data completeness, 2) consulting with the reporting units to confirm data.

Controls on aggregated data are also performed before their release. Imputation - rate

No imputation is applied.

6.3.5. Model assumption error

Not applicable.

6.4. Seasonal adjustment

No seasonal adjustments are made.

6.5. Data revision - policy

There is a formal revision policy at Cystat. Cystat publishes its Revision Policy on its website, describing the general rules and principles governing the procedure of revising data published by Cystat. The policy is based on the guidelines of the European Statistical System (ESS) regarding revision policies for principal European economic indicators, also taking into account the Quality Assurance Framework of the ESS and the European Statistics Code of Practice.

 The same practice is applied to data transmitted to Eurostat; when revised data are transmitted to Eurostat, these are flagged accordingly and accompanied by the necassary explanations.

6.6. Data revision - practice

When revised data are transmitted to Eurostat, an informative e-mail message is sent to the person responsible for pesticides statistics in Eurostat Unit E-1. Data on the sales of pesticides for the period 2011-2016 have been revised on 25 February 2019.

6.6.1. Data revision - average size

 The difference between a later and an earlier estimate was not calculated.

7. Timeliness and punctuality Top
7.1. Timeliness

Data are transmitted to Eurostat 12 months after the end of the reference year. 

7.1.1. Time lag - first result

The statistics on pesticides sales are published on  the website of Cystat 2 months after their transmision to Eurostat.

7.1.2. Time lag - final result

The statistics on pesticides sales are published on the website of Cystat 2 months after their transmision to Eurostat.

7.2. Punctuality

Eurostat deadlines are respected.

7.2.1. Punctuality - delivery and publication

Both Eurostat and national deadlines are respected. All releases are delivered on time, based on the scheduled release dates.

8. Coherence and comparability Top
8.1. Comparability - geographical

Since Cyprus is a NUTS1 region, comparability is possible only with other European countries. 

8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient

Not available.

8.2. Comparability - over time

Data are comparable over time.

8.2.1. Length of comparable time series

Data have been released as from 2011.

8.3. Coherence - cross domain

No statistical comparisons are carried out.

8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics

Not applicable.

8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

Not applicable. 

8.6. Coherence - internal

 The data are internally consistent.

9. Accessibility and clarity Top
9.1. Dissemination format - News release

No news release accompanies the tables published.

9.2. Dissemination format - Publications

No publication is produced; however summary tables are published on CYSTAT's website.

9.3. Dissemination format - online database

There is no online database available, instead a summary table is uploaded on the website of the Statistical Service of Cyprus. (Sales of pesticides, 2011-2017).

A summary  table is published with aggregated results of the substances of pesticides traded in the country.

9.3.1. Data tables - consultations

Not available.

9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access

There is no microdata access to outside users.

9.5. Dissemination format - other

A table in Excel format is available on Cystat website.

9.6. Documentation on methodology

Not available.

9.7. Quality management - documentation

Not available.

9.7.1. Metadata completeness - rate

Not applicable

9.7.2. Metadata - consultations

Not applicable

10. Cost and Burden Top

Overall the cost of the survey is minimal due to the small number of the surveyed suppliers. The cost and burden for each respondent is estimated at around 15 minutes to fill in the questionnaire. For this reason no cost and burden exercise was elaborated. 

11. Confidentiality Top
11.1. Confidentiality - policy

Under the provisions of the Statistics Law, all the information collected is treated as confidential and is used solely for statistical purposes. No data for any individual enterprise is published or disclosed to either public bodies or private individuals.


11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment

In order to implement the requirements of the above Law and taking into account the fact that the total number of suppliers is quite small, CYSTAT publishes aggregated results so as to ensure that individual information of the suppliers is not identified.

12. Comment Top

 The small number of pesticide suppliers and the specific substances that exist in the market guarantees to a large extent the accuracy of the collected data.

Related metadata Top

Annexes Top