Economic accounts for agriculture (aact)

National Reference Metadata in ESS Standard for Quality Reports Structure (ESQRS)

Compiling agency: Swedish Board of Agriculture

Time Dimension: 2017-50

Data Provider: SE6

Data Flow: COSAEA_NEQ_5


Eurostat metadata
Reference metadata
1. Contact
2. Statistical presentation
3. Statistical processing
4. Quality management
5. Relevance
6. Accuracy and reliability
7. Timeliness and punctuality
8. Coherence and comparability
9. Accessibility and clarity
10. Cost and Burden
11. Confidentiality
12. Comment
Related Metadata
Annexes (including footnotes)
 



For any question on data and metadata, please contact: EUROPEAN STATISTICAL DATA SUPPORT

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1. Contact Top
1.1. Contact organisation

Swedish Board of Agriculture

1.2. Contact organisation unit

Statistics Division

1.5. Contact mail address

Jordbruksverket

SE- 551 82 JÖNKÖPING


2. Statistical presentation Top
2.1. Data description

Main characteristics

2.1.1 Describe shortly the main characteristics of the statistics  

The Economic Accounts for Agriculture (EAA) provide detailed information on income in the agricultural sector. The purpose is to analyse the production process of the agricultural industry and the primary income generated by this production. The accounts are therefore based on the industry concept. The EAA accounts are detailed data on value of output (producer prices and basic prices), intermediate consumption, subsidies and taxes, consumption of fixed capital, rent and interests, capital formation etc. The values are in current as well as in constant prices. Agricultural Labour Input (ALI) and Unit Values (UV) are an integrated part of the overall concept of Economic Accounts for Agriculture.


Reference period

2.1.2 Reference period of the data collection 

2017

2.1.3 Is the reference period based on the calendar year starting January 1st and ending December 31st? No
2.1.4 If No, please specify

For animal production and for costs the reference year is calender year 2017. But for crop output, the crop year (August-July) is the reference year.


National legislation

2.1.5 Is there a national legislation covering these statistics?  Yes
If Yes, please answer all the following questions.  
2.1.6 Name of the national legislation 

The Official Statistics Law (2001:99) and the Official Statistics Ordinance (2001:100)

There is no specific law or ordinance for EAA. 

2.1.7 Link to the national legislation 

The Official Statistics Law (2001:99): http://www.riksdagen.se/sv/dokument-lagar/dokument/svensk-forfattningssamling/lag-200199-om-den-officiella-statistiken_sfs-2001-99

 

The Official Statistics Ordinance (2001:100): http://www.riksdagen.se/sv/dokument-lagar/dokument/svensk-forfattningssamling/forordning-2001100-om-den-officiella_sfs-2001-100

2.1.8 Responsible organisation for the national legislation 

The Riksdag is responsible for the Official Statistical Law

The Swedish Government is responsible for the Official Statistcs Ordinance.

 

2.1.9 Year of entry into force of the national legislation 

Both the Law and the Ordinance entried into force in april 2001

2.1.10 Please indicate which variables required under EU regulation are not covered by national legislation, if any.

None

2.1.11 Please indicate which national definitions differ from those in the EU regulation, if any. 

None

2.1.12 Is there a legal obligation for respondents to reply?  No


Additional comments on data description

Comment to 2.1.5, 2.1.6 and 2.1.12:

The legal obligation for respondents to reply must be specified in a regulation from a national authority to reply on surveys. The national authorities can put a regulation in force according to the law and ordinance of official statistic. This is the case for some of the data sources in EAA but we have decided not to apply it on all variables.

2.2. Classification system

The EAA is an integral part of the European system of accounts and therefore for their compilation the Eurostat's general classification of economic activities, NACE Rev. 2, is used.

2.3. Coverage - sector

EAA cover the Agricultural sector.

2.4. Statistical concepts and definitions

One of the principal objectives of the EAA is to measure agricultural income and changes therein.
The three agricultural income indicators can be described as follows:
Indicator A: index of the real income of factors in agriculture per AWU
Indicator B: index of real net agricultural entrepreneurial income, per non-salaried AWU
Indicator C: net entrepreneurial income of agriculture

2.5. Statistical unit

In order to analyse flows generated by the production process and the use of goods and services, it is necessary to select units which emphasise relationships of a technico-economic kind. This requirement means that as a rule institutional units must be partitioned into smaller and more homogeneous units with regard to the kind of production. Local kind-of-activity units (local KAUs) are intended to meet this requirement as a first but practically-oriented operational approach

2.6. Statistical population

The agricultural holding, which is the unit currently used for statistical studies of agriculture (censuses, surveys of the structure of agricultural holdings), is the local KAU most appropriate to the agricultural industry.In addition to agricultural holdings, the agricultural industry comprises units made up of groups of producers (e.g. cooperatives) which produce wine and olive oil and specialised units which provide machines, material and labour for the performance of contract work.

2.7. Reference area
2.7.1 Geographical area covered

The entire territory of the country.

2.7.2 Which special Member State territories are included?
2.8. Coverage - Time

1990-2017

2.9. Base period

Base year 2010


3. Statistical processing Top
3.1. Source data

Overall summary

3.1.1 Total number of different data sources used

Over 30 sources are used.

EAA is compiled using many data sources. In this section, and in the annex dealing with datasources, the 14 most important datasources are described.   

The breakdown is as follows: 
3.1.2 Total number of sources of the type "Census"

3

3.1.3 Total number of sources of the type "Sample survey"

6

3.1.4 Total number of sources of the type "Administrative source"

7

3.1.5 Total number of sources of the type "Experts"

For minor crops and animal expert estimates are used for quantities and prices, for example goat milk production.

3.1.6 Total number of sources of the type "Other sources"

16


Census

If there is a specific census conducted in your country to collect data exclusively for the EAA please describe it in this part. For other data sources please use table 3.1 in the annexed Excel file. If metadata already exist just provide the name of the data source. 
3.1.7 Name/Title
3.1.8 Name of Organisation responsible
3.1.9 Main scope
3.1.10 List used to build the frame
3.1.11 Any possible threshold values
3.1.12 Population size
3.1.13 Additional comments


Sample survey

If there is a specific survey conducted in your country to collect data exclusively for the EAA please describe it in this part. For other data sources please use table 3.1. If metadata already exist just provide the name of the data source.(e.g. FSS, Crop production, Animal production, Prices in Agriculture) 
3.1.14 Name/Title

Investments in agricultural machinery and equipment

3.1.15 Name of Organisation responsible

Swedish Board of Agriculture

3.1.16 Main scope

Estimate the total yearly sales of new machines and equipment for the agricultural sector

3.1.17 List used to build the frame

Members of the Trade organization ("Maskinleverantörerna") for machinery and equipment.

3.1.18 Any possible threshold values

None

3.1.19 Population size

Etiamted to 105 operators

3.1.20 Sample size

52 operators with an estimated market share of 98 %.

3.1.21 Sampling basis Other
3.1.22 If Other, please specify

Trade organization membership

3.1.23 Type of sample design Other
3.1.24 If Other, please specify

All 52 operators which are members of the Trade organization are in the sample

3.1.25 If Stratified, number of strata
3.1.26 If Stratified, stratification criteria
3.1.27 If Other, please specify
3.1.28 Additional comments


Administrative source

If there is a specific administrative source in your country witch provide data exclusively for the EAA please describe it in this part. For other administrative sources please use table 3.1. If metadata already exist just provide the name of the data source. 
3.1.29 Name/Title
3.1.30 Name of Organisation responsible
3.1.31 Contact information (email and phone)
3.1.32 Main administrative scope
3.1.33 Geospatial Coverage
3.1.34 Update frequency
3.1.35 Legal basis
3.1.36 Are you able to access directly to the micro data?
3.1.37 Are you able to check the plausibility of the data, namely by contacting directly the units?
3.1.38 How would you assess the proximity of the definitions and concepts (including statistical units) used in the administrative source with those required in the EU regulation?
3.1.39 Please list the main differences between the administrative source and the statistical definitions and concepts
3.1.40 Is a different threshold used in the administrative source and statistical data?
3.1.41 If Yes, please specify
3.1.42 Additional comments


Experts

If there is a specific expert source in your country witch provide data exclusively for the EAA please describe it in this part. For other expert sources please use table 3.1. If metadata already exist just provide the name of the data source.
3.1.43 Name/Title
3.1.44 Primary purpose
3.1.45 Legal basis
3.1.46 Update frequency
3.1.47 Expert data supplier
3.1.48 If Other, please specify
3.1.49 How would you assess the quality of those data?
3.1.50 Additional comments


Other sources

If there is more than one other statistical activity, please describe the main one below and the additional ones in table 3.1 of the annexed Excel file 
3.1.51 Name/Title
3.1.52 Name of Organisation
3.1.53 Primary purpose
3.1.54 Data type
3.1.55 If Other, please specify
3.1.56 How would you assess the quality of those data?
3.1.57 Additional comments

 

3.2. Frequency of data collection

Annual

3.3. Data collection

Census

If there is a specific census conducted in your country to collect data exclusively for the EAA please describe the method of data collection in this part. For other data sources please use table 3.3. If metadata alredy exist just provide the name of the data source. 
3.3.1 Name/Title
3.3.2 Methods of data collection
3.3.3 If Other, please specify
3.3.4 If face-to-face or telephone interview, which method is used?
3.3.5 Data entry method, if paper questionnaires?
3.3.6 Please annex the questionnaire used (if very long: please provide the hyperlink)
3.3.7 Additional comments


Sample survey

If there is a specific survay conducted in your country to collect data exclusively for the EAA please describe the method of data collection in this part.For other data sources please use table 3.3. If metadata alredy exist just provide the name of the data source. 
3.3.8 Name/Title

Investments in agricultural machinery and equipment

3.3.9 Methods of data collection Other
3.3.10 If Other, please specify

Data is collected and compiled by the Trade organization, then sent by e-mail to the Swedish Board of Agriculture where data is processed further and used for total market development predictions.

3.3.11 If face-to-face or telephone interview, which method is used?
3.3.12 Data entry method, if paper questionnaires? Manual
3.3.13 Please annex the questionnaire used (if very long: please provide the hyperlink)

See Annex Machinery and equipment_questionnaire

3.3.14 Additional comments


Administrative source

If there is a specific administrative source in your country to collect data exclusively for the EAA please describe the metod of data collection in this part.For other data sources please use table 3.3. If metadata alredy exist just provide the name of the data source. 
3.3.15 Name/Title
3.3.16 Extraction date
3.3.17 How easy is it to get access to the data?
3.3.18 Data transfer method
3.3.19 Additional comments


Experts

If there is a specific expert source in your country witch provide data exclusively for the EAA please describe the metod of data collection in this part. For other expert sources please use table 3.3. If metadata alredy exist just provide the name of the data source.
3.3.20 Name/Title
3.3.21 Methods of data collection
3.3.22 Additional comments
3.4. Data validation
3.4.1 Which kind of data validation measures are in place? Manual
3.4.2 What do they target? Other
3.4.3 If Other, please specify

The data validation has several targets, for example:

- Completeness

- Aggregates

- Consistency

 

3.5. Data compilation
3.5.1 Describe the data compilation process

The compilations is done in an Excelsystem with many files and sheets linked to each other.

In the system there are 3 input files where basic data is inserterd manually. These files are linked to 2 elaborations tables, one for revenues and one for costs. The compilations in the elaboration tables are done automatically by formulas. The eloabration tables are linked to the output tables needed, that is EAA current, EAA constant prices (n-1), EAA unit values, and several files to compile the regional accounts. 

3.5.2 Additional comments
3.6. Adjustment

-


4. Quality management Top
4.1. Quality assurance
4.1.1 Is there a quality management system used in the organisation? Yes
4.1.2 If yes, how is it implemented?

The Swedish Board of Agriculture has implemented a statistical process used for all official statistics that is produced. The process follows in principle the statistical process of the UNECE but it is adapted to cover all parts of the European statistics Code of Practice.

Link to the statistical process:

http://www.jordbruksverket.se/download/18.702b572e163946f536ceca4f/1527578661753/JordbruksverketsStatistikProduktionsprocess.pdf

4.1.3 Has a peer review been carried out? No
4.1.4 If Yes, which were the main conclusions?
4.1.5 What quality improvements are foreseen? Other
4.1.6 If Other, please specify

The Swedish Board of Agriculture is continously working with quality improvements in different parts of the compilations. Before the final estimates for 2018 next year, the first priority will be the shift to base year 2015. 

4.1.7 Additional comments
4.2. Quality management - assessment

Development since the last quality report

4.2.1 Overall quality Stable
4.2.2 Relevance Stable
4.2.3 Accuracy and reliability Stable
4.2.4 Timeliness and punctuality Stable
4.2.5 Comparability Stable
4.2.6 Coherence Stable
4.2.7 Additional comments


5. Relevance Top
5.1. Relevance - User Needs
5.1.1 If certain user needs are not met, please specify which and why

Every year the Swedish Board of Agriculture arrange a meeting with users of official statistics produced by the Board. From the last meeting there were no unmet user needs mentioned for EAA

5.1.2 Please specify any plans to satisfy needs more completely in the future
5.1.3 Additional comments
5.2. Relevance - User Satisfaction
5.2.1 Has a user satisfaction survey been conducted? No
If Yes, please answer all the following questions 
5.2.2 Year of the user satisfaction survey
5.2.3 How satisfied were the users?
5.2.4 Additional comments

A user satisfaction survey has not been conducted. But as mentioned in 5.1.1, every year the Swedish Board of Agriculture arrange a meeting with users. From the last meeting there were no unmet user needs mentioned for EAA.

5.3. Completeness
5.3.1 Data completeness - rate

100 %

5.3.2 If not complete, which characteristics are missing?
5.3.3 Additional comments


6. Accuracy and reliability Top
6.1. Accuracy - overall
6.1.1 How good is the accuracy? Good
6.1.2 What are the main factors lowering the accuracy? Model assumption error
6.1.3 If Other, please specify
6.1.4 Additional comments

EAA is compiled using many data sources. The accuracy of EAA is therefore dependent on the accuracy of the data sources used. Some data sources has very good accuracy and some has less good. It's difficult to sum it up but the assessment is that overall accuracy is good.

6.2. Sampling error
6.2.1. Sampling error - indicators
6.3. Non-sampling error
6.3.1. Coverage error
6.3.1.1. Over-coverage - rate
6.3.1.2. Common units - proportion
6.3.2. Measurement error
6.3.3. Non response error
6.3.3.1. Unit non-response - rate
6.3.3.2. Item non-response - rate
6.3.4. Processing error
6.3.4.1. Imputation - rate
6.3.5. Model assumption error
6.4. Seasonal adjustment
6.5. Data revision - policy

Two cases:

1. In cases when incorrect data has been published: According to our statistical process (described in section 4.1.2) there is a process established for this. A form should be filled in where the problem is described and the incorrectness should be graded according to its severity. Based on this, decisions are taken on how to deal with revisions/corrections.

2.  Specifically for EAA the policy for revisions, in practise, is described in section 6.6.1 

6.6. Data revision - practice
6.6.1 Data revision - average size

Data revisions are done every year. The revisions are done for mainly two reasons.

1. Data is only partially available when final data are produced: For example, when final data for cereals are produced there is still information on prices for the full crop year missing (1 month is missing). That is, data is in some sence prelimnary.This is the most common revision and is done every year. In the normal case this type of revision only covers year n-1 and they are minor.

2. Change in method or data sources: In cases where we change method or data sources for an item we try to revise data as far back in time as possible. If the new method or data source leads to large revisions we inform the users about this in our publications.

A third case is when published data is incorrect. This happens very rarely. If this happens the publication is republished and the front page is marked with the text "Corrected version"

 

 

6.6.2 Were data revisions due to conceptual changes (e.g. new definitions)  carried out since the last quality report? No
6.6.3 What was the main reason for the revisions?

See 6.6.1

6.6.4 How do you evaluate the impact of the revisions? Not important
6.6.5 Additional comments


7. Timeliness and punctuality Top
7.1. Timeliness
7.1.1 When were  the first  results for the reference period published?

5th of December 2017

7.1.2 When were  the final results for the reference period published?

First of February 2018

7.1.3 Reasons for possible long production times?

The reason is that data, from important data sources, are not available until 7-8 months after the end of the reference period.

7.2. Punctuality
7.2.1 Were data released nationally according to a pre-announced schedule (Release Calendar)? Yes
7.2.2 If Yes, were data released on the target date? Yes
7.2.3 If No, reasons for delays?
7.2.4 Number of days between the national release date of data and the target date


8. Coherence and comparability Top
8.1. Comparability - geographical

To be assessed by Eurostat

8.1.1. Asymmetry for mirror flow statistics - coefficient
8.2. Comparability - over time
8.2.1 Length of comparable time series

28 years (1990-2017)

8.2.2 Have there been major breaks in the time series? No
8.2.3 If Yes, please specify the year of break and the reason
8.2.4 Additional comments
8.3. Coherence - cross domain
8.3.1 With which other national data sources have the data been compared?

FADN and Structural business statistics (SBS)

8.3.2 Describe briefly the results of comparisons

FADN has sample errrors so there are differences. FADN covers only 90 % of the sector. Comparisons between SBS is complicated due to different definitions of the concept of agricultural holdings.

8.3.3 If no comparisons have been made, explain why
8.3.4 Additional comments
8.4. Coherence - sub annual and annual statistics
8.5. Coherence - National Accounts

Use of EAA-data in NA calculations

Are EAA used by NA as data source for Group 01 Degree of implication Please describe briefly the reasons
Output Main source used

Some supplements for differences in the ESA and EAA

Intermediate consumption Main source used

Some supplements for differences in the ESA and EAA

Fixed capital consumption Not used

Source used: SBS Structural business statistics (FEK)

Compensation of employees Not used

Source: Income statement (KU)

Taxes Not used
Subsidies Only source used
Rents Not used

Rents are collected and published per institutional sector

Interest Not used

Interests are collected and published per institutional sector

Gross fixed capital formation Secondary source used

Source used: SBS Structural business statistics (FEK)

Labour input Not used

Source: LFS Labour force survey (AKU)


Use of NA-data in EAA calculations

Are NA used as data source for EAA Degree of implication  Please describe briefly the reasons 
Output Not used

NA is using EAA as major source. Not the other way around.

Intermediate consumption Secondary source used

Only used for the Item FISIM. For all other items NA is using EAA as major source. Not the other way around.

Fixed capital consumption Not used
Compensation of employees Not used
Taxes Not used
Subsidies Not used

NA is using EAA as major source. Not the other way around.

Rents Not used
Interest Secondary source used

Only used for compilations Intersts paid and received 'excluding' FISIM. The main source for Interests paid and received is that we are using data from an accountancy firm. 

Gross fixed capital formation Not used
Labour input Not used

More precise data on AWU is available from the FSS.

8.6. Coherence - internal

The data is consistent.


9. Accessibility and clarity Top
9.1. Dissemination format - News release
9.1.1 Do you publish a news release? Yes
9.1.2 If Yes, please provide a link

In Sweden there is only a news release for the first estimates

http://www.jordbruksverket.se/omjordbruksverket/pressochmedia/nyhetsrum.4.4e9a8c7a160cb216910c6a37.html#/pressreleases/stigande-mjoelkpris-hoejer-produktionsvaerdet-i-jordbruket-2335525

9.2. Dissemination format - Publications
9.2.1 Do you produce a paper publication? No
9.2.2 If Yes, is there an English version?
9.2.3 Do you produce an electronic publication? Yes
9.2.4 If Yes, is there an English version? Yes
9.2.5 Please provide a link

The publications are in html and there is also a possibility to download as PDF. The publications contains a summary in english and the headings in the tables are both in swedish and english. 

First estimates 2017

http://www.jordbruksverket.se/webdav/files/SJV/Amnesomraden/Statistik,%20fakta/Jordbrukets%20ekonomi/JO45/JO45SM1704/JO45SM1704_ikortadrag.htm

Second estiamtes 2017

http://www.jordbruksverket.se/webdav/files/SJV/Amnesomraden/Statistik,%20fakta/Jordbrukets%20ekonomi/JO45/JO45SM1801/JO45SM1801_ikortadrag.htm

Final data 2017

http://www.jordbruksverket.se/webdav/files/SJV/Amnesomraden/Statistik,%20fakta/Jordbrukets%20ekonomi/JO45/JO45SM1802/JO45SM1802_ikortadrag.htm

9.3. Dissemination format - online database
9.3.1 Data tables - consultations

The table below showes the number of database extractions from the online database 2015-2017

 

9.3.2 Is an on-line database accessible to users? Yes
9.3.3 Please provide a link

 

http://statistik.sjv.se/PXWeb/pxweb/sv/Jordbruksverkets%20statistikdatabas/?rxid=5adf4929-f548-4f27-9bc9-78e127837625

 

 

9.4. Dissemination format - microdata access
9.4.1 Are micro-data accessible to users? No
9.4.2 Please provide a link
9.5. Dissemination format - other

In addition to the dissemination on the webbsite of the Swedish Board of Agriculture (html, pdf and on-line database), the publications are also disseminated at the website of Statistics Sweden (only in pdf)

The data is transmitted to Statistics Sweden for use in National Accounts.

The data is also transmitted to Eurostat according to EAA regulation.

9.6. Documentation on methodology
9.6.1 Are national reference metadata files available? Yes
9.6.2 Please provide a link

http://www.jordbruksverket.se/webdav/files/SJV/Amnesomraden/Statistik,%20fakta/Jordbrukets%20ekonomi/JO45/JO45SM1802/JO45SM1802_kvalitet.pdf

 

9.6.3 Are methodological papers available? Yes
9.6.4 Please provide a link

http://www.jordbruksverket.se/webdav/files/SJV/Amnesomraden/Statistik,%20fakta/Jordbrukets%20ekonomi/JO45/JO45SM1802/JO45SM1802_kvalitet.pdf

 

 

9.6.5 Is a handbook available? No
9.6.6 Please provide a link
9.7. Quality management - documentation
9.7.1 Metadata completeness - rate

100%

9.7.2 Metadata - consultations

We do not know since it its available on our webbsite.

9.7.3 Is a quality report available? Yes
9.7.4 Please provide a link

http://www.jordbruksverket.se/webdav/files/SJV/Amnesomraden/Statistik,%20fakta/Jordbrukets%20ekonomi/JO45/JO45SM1802/JO45SM1802_kvalitet.pdf


10. Cost and Burden Top
10.1 Efficiency gains if compared to the previous quality report None
10.2 If Other, please specify
10.3 Burden reduction measures since the previous quality report None
10.4 If Other, please specify


11. Confidentiality Top
11.1. Confidentiality - policy
Restricted from publication
11.2. Confidentiality - data treatment
Restricted from publication


12. Comment Top


Related metadata Top


Annexes Top
The 2017 horticultural census questionnaire
Machinery and equipment questionnaire
Metadata for data sources