4.3 What is the share of renewable energy in the EU?

The share of renewable energy in energy consumption iincreased continuously between 2004 and 2018, from 9.6 % to 18.9 %. The Europe 2020 target is 20 % by 2020 and the Europe 2030 target is 32 % by 2030.

The share of renewable energy in the Member States was highest in Sweden (54.6 % of energy consumption) followed by Finland (41.2 %) and Latvia (40.3 %). This share was lowest in the Netherlands (7.4 %), Malta (8.0 %) and Luxembourg (9.1 %). Differences stem from variations in the endowment with natural resources, mostly in the potential for building hydropower plants and in the availability of biomass. All Member States increased their renewable energy share between 2004 and 2018, fourteen have at least doubled their share.

Share of energy from renewable energy sources in the EU member states
Share of energy from renewable energy sources in the EU member states