Out of the total energy available in the EU, around two thirds are consumed by end users, for example EU citizens, industry, transport etc. The difference – around one third – is mainly used for electricity generation and in other energy transformation processes. An example of a transformation process is crude oil being refined at refineries to become petroleum products.
Almost half of the electricity consumed in the EU comes from power stations burning combustible (renewable and non-renewable) fuels. Around 23 % of the final energy we consume is electricity and it comes from different sources.
For medium size household consumers, electricity prices including taxes and levies were the highest in the second semester of 2018 in Denmark (EUR 0.31 per kWh), Germany (EUR 0.30 per kWh) and Belgium (EUR 0.29 per kWh), while the lowest prices were recorded in Bulgaria (EUR 0.10 per kWh), Lithuania and Hungary (both EUR 0.11 per kWh).