2. what energy is available in the EU?

2.1 Where does our energy come from?

The energy available in the European Union comes from energy produced in the EU and from energy imported from third countries. In 2018, the EU produced around 42 % of its own energy, while 55 % was imported.

2.2 What do we produce in the EU?

The production of energy in the EU is spread across a range of different energy sources: solid fuels (largely coal), natural gas, crude oil, nuclear energy and renewable energy (such as hydro, wind and solar energy).

2.3 From where do we import energy and how dependent are we?

For its own consumption, the EU also needs energy which is imported from third countries. In 2018, the main imported energy product was petroleum products (including crude oil, which is the main component), accounting for almost two thirds of energy imports into the EU, followed by gas (24 %) and solid fossil fuels (8 %).

2.4 From source to use - what are the energy flows?

The energy flows are shown through a Sankey diagram, which is a graphic illustration displaying the whole energy process.
The Sankey diagram will be displayed in a new tab.