The energy available in the European Union comes from energy produced in the EU and from energy imported from third countries. In 2018, the EU produced around 42 % of its own energy, while 55 % was imported.
The production of energy in the EU is spread across a range of different energy sources: solid fuels (largely coal), natural gas, crude oil, nuclear energy and renewable energy (such as hydro, wind and solar energy).
For its own consumption, the EU also needs energy which is imported from third countries. In 2018, the main imported energy product was petroleum products (including crude oil, which is the main component), accounting for almost two thirds of energy imports into the EU, followed by gas (24 %) and solid fossil fuels (8 %).
The energy flows are shown through a Sankey diagram, which is a graphic illustration displaying the whole energy process.
The Sankey diagram will be displayed in a new tab.