Regions in Europe

2022 interactive edition

European Union (EU) Member States are often compared with each other, but in reality it can be difficult to contrast small countries like Luxembourg or Malta with larger ones such as France or Germany. Analysing data at a regional level can highlight disparities either across the EU or within Member States, such as an east–west divide in Germany or a north–south divide in Italy.

Regions in Europe — 2022 interactive edition is a publication that presents data for 242 EU regions, as well as 16 regions of the EFTA countries . At the heart of regional statistics is the NUTS classification which is designed such that regions can be compared with each other. This classification is composed of three sub-national hierarchical levels; this interactive publication is based primarily on NUTS level 2.

Have a closer look at the map to see the borders and names of the regions that are covered.

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and a range of associated containment measures at the start of 2020 had a profound and lasting impact on a wide range of social, economic and environmental issues both within the EU and further afield. At the time of writing, the pandemic is still on-going although most containment measures have been lifted. The impact of the crisis is visible for many of the indicators presented in this edition.

Regions in Europe – 2022 interactive edition offers a selection of visualisations accompanied by short texts that make it possible for you to get a deeper understanding of the social, economic and environmental situation across European regions. The publication is divided into three principal sections: people and society, economic activities, the environment and natural resources.

Scroll down, play around with the visualisations and select information for specific regions, for example where you live, study or work … or perhaps would like to live in the future.

People and society


Population change

Median age

Population density


Health is a priority for most people living in the EU and can literally be a matter of life and death. How is the situation in your region? What is the average life expectancy and what impact did the COVID-19 pandemic have?

Life expectancy at birth

Weekly deaths


Alongside health, education is often considered as one of the most important services. What is the most common level of educational attainment in your region and how easy is it for recent graduates with at least an upper secondary level of education to find employment?

Educational attainment

Employment rate of recent graduates

Labour market

Employment provides, among other benefits, the opportunity to gain independence, financial security and a sense of belonging. What is the situation in the region where you live, study or work? Is there a difference in employment rates between men and women?

Employment rate

Unemployment rate

Digital society

Internet use affects people’s everyday lives in many ways, both at work and at home. This has been particularly evident during the COVID-19 crisis, as pupils and students made increased use of online studying while many in the workforce experienced a shift towards making greater use of digital technologies while working and spending more of their leisure time at home.

Note that data from household surveys of information and communication technology usage generally refer to the first quarter of each reference year and often concern activities during the previous 3 or 12 months.

Daily internet users

Making use of the internet

Economic activities


The central measure of economic output is gross domestic product (GDP) . It provides information on the monetary value of all goods and services that are produced within a country or a region. What level of economic output was recorded in the region where you live, study or work? Which part of the economy contributed the most value added in your region?

Gross domestic product

Agriculture, industry and services

Research and development

Research and development (R&D) has the potential to improve the daily lives of millions of people, both within the EU and elsewhere, by helping to solve some of the world’s largest societal and generational challenges. How does the region where you live, study or work compare in terms of its R&D expenditure ? What share of your region’s workforce is employed as R&D personnel?

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D

R&D personnel by sector


Tourism was one of the economic activities most impacted by the COVID-19 crisis and associated containment measures. Across the EU, there were 1.42 billion nights spent in tourist accommodation in 2020, a fall of 50.5 % compared with 2019. This figure refers to the total number of nights spent in hotels, holiday and other short-stay accommodation, camping grounds, and recreational vehicle parks and trailer parks by tourists for a variety of purposes (such as business, leisure or visiting family and friends).

The pandemic had a considerable impact on the economies of the most frequented tourist destinations in the EU. This was particularly notable for those destinations that are popular with foreign tourists or typically reached by air transport. By contrast, there were some regions that benefitted from an increase in domestic travellers. How did the number of nights spent in tourist accommodation develop during the crisis within your home region or regions you (would) like to visit?

Nights spent

Developments between 2019 and 2020

Environment and natural resources

Environmental challenges affect everyone. Climate change is transforming the world, with more frequent, extreme weather events such as heatwaves, forest fires and floods. Transport, agriculture, energy transformation and many other aspects of society affect the environment. Have a look below to see how the situation is in your region.


The environmental impact of transport in the EU may be linked, among other factors, to widespread ownership of motor vehicles, a large and increasing share of freight being transported by road, and the rapid growth (pre-pandemic) of air transport.

Air transport

Road safety


The effects of certain phenomena – for example, the rapid disappearance of vast areas of forest – have contributed towards a growing awareness and recognition that land is a finite resource and its use constitutes one of the principal drivers of environmental change.

Share of forest area


In 2016, there were 10.3 million farms in the EU; together they used 157 million hectares of land for agricultural production. This means that approximately two fifths of the EU’s land was farmed. This section looks at two specific topics: regional patterns of livestock and cereal farming.

A majority of the animals farmed in the EU are reared for slaughter, whilst others are raised for breeding or, in the case of some cows, sheep and goats, to be milked. The livestock sector can have a considerable environmental impact, for example through enteric fermentation, the management of manure, or indirectly through the conversion of land from other uses, for example to grow crops to be processed as feed for livestock.

Alongside permanent grassland for livestock rearing, the other main use of agricultural land in the EU is for arable farming (which is dedicated to growing crops). The production of cereals is one of the most important outputs of the EU’s agricultural sector.


Harvested cereal production

Further information