Quality and relevant vocational education and training, or VET, can provide people, and especially youth, with the knowledge, skills and competencies required for the jobs of today or tomorrow. The provision of relevant job skills can therefore be a robust means of empowering people to seize employment opportunities or equip them for self-employment.
Better skills training can help support decent work, more equitable and inclusive growth and be the bridge between education and the labour market, supporting the transition from youth into adulthood. The world’s population is younger than ever, with 1.2 billion people aged 16-24. Therefore, providing pathways into the world of work for young people is one of the greatest development challenges of our era.
Recognising the pivotal role of skills training, especially for young people, to increase their chances for employment, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has set a number of ambitious targets under Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 on quality education and SDG 8 on decent work and economic growth.
SDG 4 – Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
- Target 4.3: By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university
- Target 4.4: By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
SDG 8 – Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
In many countries, VET is undervalued and the integration of effective VET strategies into wider employment policies is still a work in progress. The EU is currently supporting the reform of VET systems in many partner countries worldwide, providing knowledge, technical capacity and financial support.
As VET does not create employment, the close-involvement of the private sector is necessary to ensure that training is in line with labour market needs and opportunities. The best VET model and type of skills training will depend on the country context. Special attention should also be paid to the specific needs of girls and women and vulnerable groups.
In order to support this approach, a new VET Toolbox, offered jointly with Member States, delivers, rapidly and on-demand, high quality expertise and capacity building to public and private stakeholders with a view to enhance labour market intelligence, enhance the involvement of the private sector in VET as well as to foster inclusion of women and of vulnerable groups in VET programmes.
- A Stronger Role of the Private Sector in Achieving Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Countries - COM(2014)263
- A decent life for all: from vision to collective action - COM(2014)335 Education pages 6 and 7
- European Report on Development 2013 Post-2015: Global Action for an inclusive and sustainable future
- Rethinking Education: Investing in skills for better socio-economic outcomes - COM(2012)669
- Increasing the impact of EU development policy: an Agenda for Change - COM(2011)637
Other uselful documents
- DEVCO Reference Document - Vocational education and training for inclusive growth in development cooperation, Tools and Methods series n. 24
- DEVCO Concept note on Vocational Education and Training in European Development Cooperation
- DEVCO study (2013): TVET and skills development in EU development cooperation
- DEVCO study (2013): Etude sur le dévelopment des compétences dans l'économie informelle
- ILO (2016) - The Future of Work Centenary Initiative, The Future of Labour Supply: Demographics, migration, unpaid work
- ETF, CEDEFOP, ILO (2016) - Using Labour Market information- Guide to anticipating and matching skills and jobs, Volume 1
- ETF, CEDEFOP, ILO (2016) - Developing Skills, Foresights, Scenarios, and Forecasts - Guide to anticipating and matching skills and jobs, Volume 2
- ETF, CEDEFOP, ILO (2016) - Working at Sectoral Level - Guide to anticipating and matching skills and jobs, Volume 3
- UNESCO (2015) - Unleashing the Potential: Transforming Technical and Vocational Education and Training
- UNESCO, ETF, CEDEFOP (2017) - Global inventory of regional and national qualifications frameworks. Volume I: Thematic chapters
- World Bank (2016) - Accounting for Mismatch in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Measurement, Magnitudes, and Explanations