ABOUT THIS SECTOR
The EU attaches great importance to the highest standards of nuclear safety in Europe and beyond its borders. Through cooperation under the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC), the EU contributes to the improvement of nuclear safety levels and efficient and effective nuclear safeguards in non-EU countries.
The first INSC was established by Council Regulation (Euratom) N° 300 / 2007 of 19 February 2007, in a follow-up to the TACIS nuclear programme. Funds amounting to €524 million were allocated for the period 2007 to 2013 to support EU activities and promote the highest levels of nuclear safety, radiation protection and effective nuclear safeguards globally.
In 2013, a second INSC was established by Council Regulation (Euratom) No 237/2014 of 13 December 2013, covering the period 2014 to 2020, with a total budget of €225 million.
Through the INSC programmes, the EU supports joint projects with the International Atomic Energy Agency, and contributes towards completion of the Chernobyl projects through the Chernobyl Funds managed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. The EU is the largest donor to these Funds devoted to the completion of vital work at Chernobyl.
Armenia - Supporting the operator in enhancing nuclear safety at Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant
Major elements of INSC cooperation with non-EU countries include the promotion and development of effective regulatory frameworks, technical support to nuclear regulatory bodies, and national technical safety organisations. Activities are expanded to the field of nuclear safeguards, radioactive waste management and emergency preparedness. The EU support aims at ensuring that nuclear safety is the leading concept in regulatory and legal frameworks and operational decisions in non-EU countries.
Tajikistan - "yellow hill" containing uranium ore waste at Taboshar legacy site
Cooperation under the INSC is ongoing or planned with about 15 countries worldwide, on a bilateral and regional basis. The EU cooperates with countries in the Eastern European Neighbourhood and Central Asia region, Southern European Neighbourhood and Middle East, and expanding the nuclear safety cooperation to countries in Latin America, Asia and South-East Asia.
Individual projects are elaborated in detail in the Annual Action Programmes (further info under FUNDING).