EUROCLIMA is a European Commission programme which aims to encourage cooperation between Latin America and the EU on climate change issues.
In May 2008, one of the key themes of the 5th EU-LAC Summit in Lima was “Sustainable Development: Environment, Climate Change and Energy” establishing climate change as a new area for regional cooperation. The European Commission responded with the approval of the EUROCLIMA programme, on the 18th of December 2009, with a total foreseen EU contribution of €5 million for a 3-year duration.
Considering the importance of the EUROCLIMA programme and the confirmed interest of the beneficiary countries, the European Commission decided in October 2012 to extend the programme into a second phase (with a total foreseen EU contribution of €10 million for an additional 3-year duration) to continue and build on the achieved results, strengthening a process reinforcing resilience of the Latin American region to climate change and developing low-emission strategies.
The 1st EU-CELAC Summit that took place in January 2013 confirmed in the Santiago Declaration, that climate change is a key priority for the EU-LAC relations and welcomed the extension of the EUROCLIMA programme.
EUROCLIMA 2010 - 2013
During this period the aim was to provide Latin American decision-makers and the scientific community with better knowledge of climate change and its consequences, particularly in view of integrating these issues into sustainable development strategies.
The Programme's objective was to improve the knowledge of decision-makers and scientists in Latin America regarding the impact of climate change in the region in order to strengthen sustainable development strategies.
Through its actions, the programme aimed to:
- Reduce people's vulnerability to climate change.
- Reduce social inequalities caused by global warming.
- Reduce the socio-economic impacts of climate change.
- Reinforce regional integration dialogue.
EUROCLIMA was implemented by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and by EuropeAid (DG Development and Cooperation) supported by the Technical Assistance.
Both JRC and ECLAC carried out research on environmental and socio-economic issues on climate change and its impacts. The Technical Assistance aimed to support structured dialogue, and ensuring coordination, visibility and communication of the Programme.
The total foreseen budget for this phase of the programme was €5 175 000, of which €5 000 000 from EU contribution. The implementation period of the first phase of EUROCLIMA ended in 2013.
National EUROCLIMA Focal Points designated by Latin American governments facilitate and guide the implementation of the programme and promote the application of the results generated in the context of EUROCLIMA in decision–making at national and regional level. Actions are defined in a participatory manner based on the needs of the region, identified through the National Focal Points who guarantee synergies and complementarities with other initiatives and represent the position of their governments.
EUROCLIMA 2014 – 2016
The programme facilitates the integration of climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies and measures into Latin American public development policies and plans at national and (sub) regional levels. During the period of 2014 – 2016 the foreseen EU contribution reaches €11 450 000 in a total of €12 587 500.
The general objective is to contribute to poverty reduction of the Latin American population by reducing their environmental and social vulnerability to climate change and to reinforce resilience of the Latin American region to climate change and promote opportunities for green growth.
The programme consists of 3 components, which are implemented by 5 partners:
- EU-Latin American policy dialogue on climate change. The activities are implemented by EuropeAid with Technical Assistance support and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in order to improve exchange of experiences and information on climate change in Latin America, increase political awareness and strengthen institutional capacity, knowledge and visibility of climate change at national, sub-regional and regional levels.
- Adaptation and mitigation “no-regrets” measures and/or with co-benefits. There is broad consensus that at the global level, the climate is changing, and that anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases are responsible for it. The exact impact on local communities however is more difficult to estimate, given the complexity of the climate system. To cope with this uncertainty, “no-regrets” adaptation and mitigation measures can be prioritized for implementation, which are beneficial in any of the climate change scenarios. Technical Assistance and Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) carry out the activities aiming that such measures would be identified and prioritised and implementation plans would be elaborated through pilot cases.
- Sustainable agriculture, food security and climate change. The activities of Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) and Joint Research Centre (JRC) should result in reinforced food security contributing to a sustainable agriculture with a higher capacity to mitigate the effects and adapt to climate change, including desertification and soil degradation measures.
- EUROCLIMA Brochure
- EUROCLIMA Poster
- Synthesis of Results 2010 – 2013
- Brochure "Climate Change, Renewable Energy and Water"
- Folleto "Cooperación regional para el desarrollo en cambio climático, energías renovables y agua con América Latina"