The EU’s most comprehensive development cooperation partnership is with African (sub-Saharan), Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) nations. It dates back to the founding of the European Community in 1957.
Successive agreements have been revised to meet new challenges. Poverty eradication and sustainable development are at the core of the ACP-EU Cotonou Agreement (2000-20) with 79 ACP nations. The main features of this partnership are development cooperation – at national, regional and multi-regional levels – the promotion of economic links and trade exchanges and political cooperation. It incorporates civil society, the private sector, trade unions and local authorities.