African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries are among those most heavily affected by climate change which has become a major threat to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The EU is addressing climate change related issues – which are not confined to national or regional borders – throughout ACP regions.
Climate change leads to an increased incidence of droughts, desertification, floods, heat stress and water management problems in ACP countries. This in turn affects other areas such as agriculture and livestock, health and migration. Geographical factors and a lack of capacity to adapt to the new challenges make ACP countries particularly vulnerable to climate change. This is where the EU can provide targeted support.
Climate change adaptation and mitigation are priorities within the EU’s respective strategies for the Caribbean and the Pacific. The Africa-EU climate change partnership is a framework for dialogue and cooperation on the issue.
The EU is providing targeted support to help ACP states protect themselves against climate change-related external shocks.
Programmes and projects
- Support to the Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA)
The GCCA is a platform for dialogue between the EU and developing countries supporting adaptation strategies, capacity-building and participation in the global carbon market with a view to poverty reduction. It provides financial support to mitigate climate change and adapt to its negative effects.
- Mainstreaming the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in Africa
The UNCCD was put in place to fight desertification in those countries experiencing serious drought or desertification, particularly in Africa. The EU supports the initiative and works to mainstream its principles into various geographical and thematic instruments.
The EU jointly funds TerrAfrica with Norway and the Netherlands. The TerrAfrica partnership provides a collective vehicle for unlocking and increasing efficiency of financial and non-financial resources, to create an enabling environment for mainstreaming and financing effective nationally-driven SLM (Sustainable Land Management) strategies. The partnership work program has three mutually reinforcing lines of action: Coalition Building; Knowledge Management and Investments.
- The capacity-building for Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)
It enhances the capacity of ACP countries to comply with the multilateral environmental agreements and related commitments, thereby improving how they manage their environmental and natural resources.
Specifically, it provides support to enable ACP countries to participate in the carbon market via the Clean Development Mechanism. Known as the ACP-CD4CDM project, it is implemented by the Denmark-based United Nations Environmental Programme Risø Centre (URC) which addresses climate change mitigation and adaptation and the efficient use of clean energy.
- ACP-EU Natural Disaster Risk Reduction programme (NDRR)
The programme addresses prevention, mitigation and preparedness to natural hazards in ACP countries. It will improve countries’ resilience and the preparedness by mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction, risk identification and assessment, early warning systems and communications, risk transfer and integration of DRR (Disaster Risk Reduction) into recovery.
- ACP-EU Building Safety and Resilience in the Pacific
The European Commission is working to strengthen the capacity of Pacific Island Countries to address existing and emerging challenges with regard to the risks posed by natural hazards and related disasters, while maximising synergies between Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) strategies and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA). These efforts respond to the region’s Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Management Framework for Action (RFA 2005-2015) endorsed by Pacific leaders
- ACP-EU Natural Disaster Risk Management in the CARIFORUM
This programme aims at strengthening regional, national and community level capacities for disaster risk reduction, preparedness, management and coordinated response to natural hazards and the effects of climate change. The action will be aligned with the Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) for the Caribbean region.
- Building Disaster Resilience to Natural Hazards in Sub-Saharan African Regions, Countries and Communities
This programme provides the analytical basis and accelerates the effective implementation of an African comprehensive Disaster Risk Reduction and Rrisk Management (DRR and DRM) framework, i.e. the “Extended Programme of Action for the Implementation of the Africa Regional Strategy for DRR (PoA), as adopted by African governments and Regional Economic Communities (REC), under the aegis of the African Union Commission (AUC).