West Africa

West Africa


  • The EU-funded PESCAO programme helps to fight illegal fishing in the Gulf of Guinea

    The Sub Regional Fisheries Commission (SRFC) and the European Fisheries Control Agency join forces against illegal Fishing in Western Africa

    Since 2018, the EU supports the Sub Regional Fisheries Commission in organising join campaigns at sea to control fishing vessels and fight illegal fishing.
  • Liberia Cocoa Sector Improvement Programme (LICSIP)

    Revival of cocoa as an economic sector and source of livelihood for Liberians

    The objective of this project is to create a vibrant, competitive and profitable cocoa economy driven by farmer groups/associations and private cocoa supply chain companies.


Video: The EU and West Africa: A Partnership that Counts


The EU and West Africa have a strong and long-standing relationship of partnership and cooperation, with the EU standing as West Africa’s primary trade partner and major donor of development aid.

The Regional Indicative Programme under the 11th EDF

The Regional Indicative Programme (RIP) for West Africa is a programme funded by the European Union under the European Development Fund (EDF), the overall objective of which is to contribute to reducing poverty through supporting better growth and regional economic integration among countries of the region.

Through the current Regional Indicative Programme (2014-2020) under the 11th EDF, the EU will make available to the region, €1.15 billion, with priorities centred on regional integration.

These priorities are:

  • Peace, security and regional stability
  • Regional economic integration and support for trade and private sector
  • Resilience, food and nutritional security and natural resources

Two regional organisations – the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) –and the Economic Community of West Africa (ECOWAS) , as well as Mauritania – have a mandate in the field of economic integration in West Africa and are therefore responsible for the implementation of the 11th EDF.

10th European Development Fund

The 10th EDF Regional Indicative Programme (RIP) for West Africa was allocated a budget of €595 million and focuses on two main focal sectors:

  • Regional integration, competitiveness and the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)
  • Political Governance and regional stability.
  • In addition, a non-focal sector includes the environment and capacity building to regional organisations.

The entire envelope of the 10th EDF RIP (€595 million) has been committed. This funds projects in areas such as food security, poverty reduction in rural areas and natural resource protection; transport and infrastructure development; conflict prevention and peace building. They also support economic integration, establishment of an effective common market and improvement to regional private sector competitiveness, and consolidation of good governance in the region.

Within the 10th EDF RIP, a specific envelope of €141.5 million has been allocated to the EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund (AITF) for supporting renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in West Africa.

The EU-West Africa Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA):
A Trade and Development Agreement

The EU-West Africa Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), a trade and development agreement developed with the West African regional organisations, is now in the final phase of negotiations. The EU committed at least €6.5 billion in support of West Africa's Economic Partnership Agreement Development Program (PAPED) for the 2015-2020 period. Find out more about the EPA and EU Trade and Development projects: EU-West Africa Trade and Development: A Partnership That Counts

Areas of support:

EU support to the region covers a wide range of sectors, with some examples found below.

EU Support to Food Security and Resilience in West Africa - AGIR

EU-West Africa Trade and Development

EU Support to West Africa Energy Sector

EU Support to Mobility and Migration within West Africa