North of Africa Window

North of Africa Window

The North of Africa region of the EU Emergency Trust Fund comprises five countries: AlgeriaEgyptLibyaMorocco and Tunisia. These are important countries of transit and destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa and the Horn of Africa. Ongoing instability in some countries in North Africa, particularly the crisis in Libya, continues to generate increasing numbers of persons seeking international protection, as well as irregular movements to Europe. At a time when some countries are at risk of instability and others are undergoing a period of transition, managing mixed migration flows is the key challenge for the region. It is made harder by the absence of national or regional strategies for managing mixed migration movements and of national asylum systems consistent with international standards in some countries.

The EU, as reflected in the reviewed European Neighbourhood Policy, seeks to promote security, stability and prosperity, and thus contribute to the effective management of migration throughout North Africa. Countries in the region are primarily countries of destination and transit rather than of origin for migrants. For this reason, the actions undertaken in the North of Africa region through the Trust Fund will focus on Pillar III: improved migration management in countries of origin, transit and destination.

This Trust Fund support to the North of Africa region is managed by the Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR). The Trust Fund envisages actions on a country, regional and cross-regional basis in close consultation and co-ordination with the relevant national authorities. In the North of Africa region, the Trust Fund aims more particularly to address five priorities for migration.

Actions addressing migration management will assist with capacity building on legislative and regulatory issues so as to progressively develop fully-fledged migration systems, as well as integration policies and measures, to ensure that migrants' rights are protected and their socioeconomic potential is harnessed.

Advancing mutually beneficial legal migration and mobility will help to mobilise the human and financial capacities of migrants and the diaspora, and to promote better 'brain circulation'.

To ensure protection for those in need, the Trust Fund will help partner countries to improve their capacity in policy, legislative and institutional frameworks on asylum. Actions under the Trust Fund will also strengthen the resilience of displaced populations and their host communities through improving access to services and income-generating opportunities.

Tackling the drivers of irregular migration will include supporting social and economic programmes to improve employment and educational opportunities in regions particularly prone to migration. It will also include strengthening governments' border management capacities and improving the exchange of information and cooperation to tackle migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings.

Finally, the Trust Fund will help to improve information and the protection of vulnerable migrants along the migratory route, including through improving the harmonisation of service provision.

Actions under the Trust Fund will be complementary to programmes already underway, such as those under the Mobility Partnerships with Morocco and Tunisia. Moreover, they will be strongly coordinated with regional dialogues under the Rabat and Khartoum Processes.

  • On 23 May 2017, a package of 3 programmes totalling €19.3 million was adopted by the third Operational committee for the North of Africa window of the EUTF Africa. This brings the EU's support to Northern African countries through the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa to a total of almost €174 million between 2016 and 2017.

    This package notably comprises €8.6 million to strengthen cooperation on migration between Morocco and Senegal, Ivory Coast and Mali; €5.5 million to improve migration governance in North African cities; and €5.2 to ensure effectiveness of the Trust Fund activities including through monitoring and evaluation. In line with the Joint Communication on the Central Mediterranean Route and the Malta Declaration, this package will offer concrete opportunities to enhance socio-economic opportunities for migrants and host communities, strengthen cooperation at municipality level between all five countries of North Africa and to reach out to their sub-Saharan neighbours. 

    On the 12 April 2017, the Operational Committee of the North of Africa Window adopted an Action Fiche for Libya consisting of one single programme worth €90 million. The new Action Fiche builds on the priorities set by the European Commission in the joint Communication "Migration on the Central Mediterranean Route: Managing flows, saving lives" released on 25 January 2017, confirmed and further developed by the European Council in the Malta Declaration issued on 3 February 2017. Through its two pillars, the proposed action will enhance the protection space for migrants, refugees and host communities in Libya and support socio-economic development at municipal level and local governance.

    On 16 December 2016, a pipeline of 3 programmes totalling €37 million was adopted by the second Operational committee for the North of Africa. This package was adopted to address migration challenges in Libya, Tunisia and Morocco. In Libya, this new EU support will better protect and assist the most vulnerable migrants, such as the persons rescued at sea and disembarked in Libya, and will help their host communities. In Tunisia this programme will tackle the root causes of migration by boosting the creation of economic opportunities. In Morocco an EU programme will support the fight against racism and xenophobia against migrants by strengthening their legal protection.

    The first Operational Committee for the North of Africa held on 16 June 2016 adopted a pipeline of 3 projects totalling €27.5 million was adopted including the development pillar of the Regional Development and Protection Programme for the North of Africa. The other two will take place in Egypt and Libya, respectively.

The main role of the Operational Committee is to adopt projects, in line with the overall strategy of the Trust Fund. To steer this work on implementation, it establishes the operational framework for the EU Trust Fund's activities in the North of Africa at both regional and country level.


The third Operational committee of the North of Africa Trust Fund region took place on 23 May 2017 in Brussels. It adopted a package of 3 programmes totalling €19.3 million.



The second Operational committee of the North of Africa Trust Fund region took place on 16 December 2016 in Brussels (agenda). It adopted a package of 3 programmes totalling €37 million.

The second Operational commitee also adopted its "Monitoring and Evaluation Framework for the North of Africa Trust Fund region", which captures the intervention logic for the North of Africa Trust Fund region.



The first Operational Committee of the North of Africa Trust Fund region took place on 16 June 2016 in Brussels (agenda). A first pipeline of 3 programmes was approved, with a total budget of €27.5 million.


The full list of projects can be found in the 'Our Work' section.