The North of Africa region of the EU Emergency Trust Fund comprises five countries: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. These are important countries of transit and destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa and the Horn of Africa. Ongoing instability in some countries in North Africa, particularly the crisis in Libya, continues to generate increasing numbers of persons seeking international protection, as well as irregular movements to Europe. At a time when some countries are at risk of instability and others are undergoing a period of transition, managing mixed migration flows is the key challenge for the region. It is made harder by the absence of national or regional strategies for managing mixed migration movements and of national asylum systems consistent with international standards in some countries.
The EU, as reflected in the reviewed European Neighbourhood Policy, seeks to promote security, stability and prosperity, and thus contribute to the effective management of migration throughout North Africa. Countries in the region are primarily countries of destination and transit rather than of origin for migrants. For this reason, the actions undertaken in the North of Africa region through the Trust Fund will focus on Pillar III: improved migration management in countries of origin, transit and destination.
This Trust Fund support to the North of Africa region is managed by the Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (DG NEAR). The Trust Fund envisages actions on a country, regional and cross-regional basis in close consultation and co-ordination with the relevant national authorities. In the North of Africa region, the Trust Fund aims more particularly to address five priorities for migration.
Actions addressing migration management will assist with capacity building on legislative and regulatory issues so as to progressively develop fully-fledged migration systems, as well as integration policies and measures, to ensure that migrants' rights are protected and their socioeconomic potential is harnessed.
Advancing mutually beneficial legal migration and mobility will help to mobilise the human and financial capacities of migrants and the diaspora, and to promote better 'brain circulation'.
To ensure protection for those in need, the Trust Fund will help partner countries to improve their capacity in policy, legislative and institutional frameworks on asylum. Actions under the Trust Fund will also strengthen the resilience of displaced populations and their host communities through improving access to services and income-generating opportunities.
Tackling the drivers of irregular migration will include supporting social and economic programmes to improve employment and educational opportunities in regions particularly prone to migration. It will also include strengthening governments' border management capacities and improving the exchange of information and cooperation to tackle migrant smuggling and trafficking in human beings.
Finally, the Trust Fund will help to improve information and the protection of vulnerable migrants along the migratory route, including through improving the harmonisation of service provision.
Actions under the Trust Fund will be complementary to programmes already underway, such as those under the Mobility Partnerships with Morocco and Tunisia. Moreover, they will be strongly coordinated with regional dialogues under the Rabat and Khartoum Processes.