Horn of Africa Window

Horn of Africa Window

The Horn of Africa, with its geostrategic location, is a source, as well as an area of transit and of destination of mixed migratory flows, and a centre of migratory routes towards Europe, the Gulf countries and the Middle East, and Southern Africa. The region is affected by the challenges of irregular migration, forced displacement, trafficking in human beings, smuggling of people and violent conflict. With nearly 250 million inhabitants and a rapidly growing population, the Horn of Africa hosts the largest number of internally displaced persons and refugees in Africa, and one of the biggest in the world. These challenges have numerous drivers which vary according to local contexts, but are commonly rooted in a lack of socio-economic opportunities, poverty, instability or climate change.

The EU Trust Fund is a key tool to address these challenges. Its implementation in the Horn of Africa puts into practice the joint commitment of the EU, its Member States and African partners to better manage migration flows, agreed upon at the Migration Summit of the 11th and 12th of November 2015 in Valletta. EU Trust Fund projects in the Horn of Africa therefore contribute to the priority initiatives set out in the Valletta Action Plan, in complementarity with other relevant financial instruments.

The EU Trust Fund focuses on communities located along migratory routes who experience high levels of irregular migration, by supporting the creation of economic and employment opportunities and by strengthening their resilience.

It addresses the needs of displaced persons as well as host communities through Regional Development and Protection Programmes, contributing to their social cohesion and peaceful coexistence.

The Trust Fund supports the return and reintegration of returnees into their areas of origin by increasing access to basic services and economic opportunities for both returnees and the communities they return to, as well as promoting greater harmony between the two.

Finally, the Trust Fund finances projects aimed at building the capacity of governments to manage migration more efficiently. This is done by helping them to prevent and fight human trafficking and smuggling, to improve border management, to offer assistance to victims of trafficking and smuggling, and to raise awareness of the dangers of irregular migration and the alternatives to it.

In doing so, the Trust Fund is key in facilitating progress on cooperation frameworks and High Level Dialogues on migration, such as the Khartoum process and the Partnership Framework with Ethiopia under the European Agenda on Migration adopted in June 2016, as well as the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework launched at the High Level Summit on Migration of 19 September 2016.

To pursue these objectives, the EU Trust Fund has provided a budget of approximately €878.8 million to date for the Horn of Africa until 2020, including €100 million channelled through a Special Measure for Sudan. For more information on budget sources, please see the main Trust Fund page.

  • Just over a month after the establishment of the EU Emergency Trust Fund at the Migration Summit in Valletta (Malta) on the 11th and 12th of November 2015, a first pipeline of projects for a total amount of €253 million was approved by the Operational Committee for the Horn of Africa at its first meeting in Brussels on 16 December 2015.

    Further packages of projects were subsequently approved by the Operational Committee: on 28 April 2016 for an amount of €117 million, on 25 October 2016 for an amount of €66.5 million, and on 15 December 2016 for an amount of €169.5 million.

    With a total budget of €606 million, the projects below address the root causes of instability, irregular migration and forced displacement, and have a specific focus on refugees and migratory movements. More details of the initial priority setting at national and regional level can be found in the Horn of Africa Window's Operational Framework*.

    Activities have already started, focusing on a variety of areas including employment opportunities, building resilience through the provision of basic services and livelihoods, and strengthening institutional and capacity building on migration issues, including the fight against trafficking and smuggling, border management and legal migration and mobility. 

    Horn of Africa Window of EU Trust Fund

    Please see below for a full description of all projects in the Horn of Africa.

    *This is a living document that will be reviewed and updated on an ongoing basis.


Trust Fund Programmes

The main role of the Operational Committee consists in adopting projects, in line with the overall strategy of the Trust Fund. To steer this work on implementation, it establishes the operational framework for the EU Trust Fund's activities in the Horn of Africa both at regional level and per country.

The Operational Committee for the Horn of Africa is composed of representatives from the European Commission (Chair), the European Union External Action Service, EU Member States and other donors, as well as partner countries (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda) and regional organisations such as the Intergovernmental Authority on Development and the East African Community.

The full list of each project pipeline approved at the Operational Committees can be found on the 'Our work in action' tab.

First Operational Committee

The first Operational Committee meeting of the Horn of Africa Window took place on the 16th of December 2015. A first pipeline of projects was approved, with a total of 10 projects for a budget amounting to €253 million.

Operational Committee 16th of December 2015: Agenda, Flash Report  and full Minutes of the Meeting.

Reactions from some of the participants of the first Operational Committee meeting:

/europeaid/file/eu-trust-fund-migration-africa_enEU Trust Fund for Migration in Africa

 

SECOND OPERATIONAL COMMITTEE

The second Operational Committee meeting for the Horn of Africa window took place on the 28th of April 2016. A second pipeline of projects was approved, with a total of 10 projects for an overall budget of €117 million.

Operational Committee 28th of April 2016: Agenda, PowerPoint presented, Flash Report and full Minutes of the Meeting.

Reactions from participants of the second Operational Committee meeting:

/europeaid/file/eu-trust-fund-africa-second-operational-committee-meeting_enEU Trust Fund for Africa: Second Operational Committee Meeting

For information outlining the guiding framework and rationale of this second pipeline of projects for the Horn of Africa prior to their approval, please refer to this Information Note.

third Operational Committee

The third Operational Committee meeting of the Horn of Africa Window took place on the 15th of December 2016. A pipeline of projects was approved with a total of 11 projects for a budget amounting to €169.5 million.

Operational Committee 15th of December 2016: Agenda, PowerPoint deliveredFlash Report and full Minutes of the Meeting.

FOURTH Operational Committee

The fourth Operational Committee meeting of the Horn of Africa Window took place on the 28th of April 2017. A pipeline of projects was approved with 4 projects for a budget amounting to €59 million.

Operational Committee 28th of April 2017: Agenda, PowerPoint delivered, and Flash Report.