The overall objective of the EU-Trust Fund Programme is to increase peace, stability and inclusive economic opportunities for youth and marginalised areas of Kenya. STRIVE II project seeks to contribute towards this objective
by focusing on reducing radicalisation, recruitment and support for violent extremism (VE) by addressing:
- Structural Factors: Political, economic, historical, religious, and institutional systems and narratives that contribute to radicalisation and support for VE.
- Group Based Dynamics: Peer pressure, values, identities and norms of groups that contribute and encourage recruitment, radicalisation and support for VE.
- Enabling Factors: Events, networks, platforms (both online and physical) that contribute to radicalisation.
- Individual Incentives: Such as a sense of purpose, adventure, belonging, feelings of isolation, lack of control and the idea of rewards in the afterlife that all contribute to recruitment, radicalisation and support for VE.
Three main outcomes of STRIVE II are anticipated:
- Enhanced understanding of the causes of conflict and a stronger evidence base of structural factors contributing to radicalisation and support of VE in Kenya.
- Improved response by law enforcement (LE) officers to VE in areas affected by terrorism and recruitment to VE groups.
- Reduction of radicalisation and recruitment to radical groups in Kenya.
There are four components to STRIVE II:
- Research – The research component will contribute towards improving CVE programming and enhancing understanding of the relationship between underlying conflicts/dynamics and recruitment patterns. Research will therefore look at clan conflicts in the North East region, land conflicts on Kenya’s Coast, the relationship between violent extremism and urban crime, and the role of women in both preventing and contributing to extremist activities.
- Law Enforcement officer CVE training – In support of Kenya’s National Strategy on CVE, senior and mid-level law enforcement managers from a range of agencies, and working in high risk areas will be trained in factors contributing to VE, the impact of extremist activities and strategies for preventing and responding to VE. Training will be compatible with international law and human rights standards. The training will be conducted using online and face-to-face modules to increase participation.
- Youth mentorship and referral system - The mentorship and women stakeholder referral system aims to reduce the readiness of at-risk youths to engage in political and ideological violence by referring these individuals for 12 months of mentorship. The project will attempt to achieve this objective by both increasing the stakeholders’ understanding of radicalisation and drivers of violent extremism, and improve the ability of mentors to identify and effectively engage with at-risk individuals. It will also aim to enhance the network of stakeholders and mentors actively contributing towards CVE within their communities.
- Preventive communications – Communications will focus on three areas: informing and influencing CVE policy and practice in Kenya and around the world; strengthening the voice of youth in the Kenyan media, reflecting the mentorship approach to critical-thinking and directed debate; and enhancing law enforcement agencies’ communication.