The Republic of Uzbekistan is situated in the central part of Central Asia and accounts for about 32 million inhabitants on the area of 447,4 sq. km. The urban inhabitants make about 50% of total population. Average age is 27 years and about 28% of population is under age 14. Many challenges remain in the social sphere with a high rate of unemployment.
The population generates about 6 million tons of waste annually. The dynamic economic and demographic growth of the country will significantly impact solid waste generation. The solid waste management (SWM) system and infrastructures, will have to be dramatically modernised to meet the current and forthcoming needs. On the operational level most SWM processes and infrastructures are outdated and offer limited service capacity. It is estimated that the collection services are extended to less than 60% of the total population. However, in many rural areas, SWM services are not provided at all and even in the important secondary cities, like Samarkand, the collection remains low, at about 30% rate.
The project aims to modernise the Samarkand municipal waste collection and disposal and to enhance waste recycling through modernisation of collecting points, acquisition of collecting vehicles, cleaning and closing of the current landfill, construction of a new landfill in the form of a bioreactor, collect and valorisation of biogas, construction of a semi-mechanical sorting facility, as well as through soft components (technical assistance and awareness campaigns).
The specific objective is to improve solid waste collection on Samarkand's territory; to upgrade solid waste disposal in Samarkand and develop a sanitary landfill that meets international environmental standards; to enhance solid waste recycling and valorisation by installing a functional sorting unit on the landfill site; to provide institutional strengthening along with technical assistance and support to local authorities to be able to plan and monitor solid waste operations; to increase awareness of solid waste issues among the population; to reduce the emission of greenhouse effect gases and to avoid the release of toxic compounds from landfill in the atmosphere; to use landfill gas for energy production.