This section contains information and publications related to the preparatory events and the consultative process which took place prior to publication of the ERD. It also contains all the background documents and research papers conducted specifically for the report.
Stakeholder participation is at the core of the process to compile the European Report on Development (ERD). At the centre of this multi-stakeholder and multi-disciplinary effort is the ERD Steering Committee which provides the leadership and vision necessary to guide the authorship process. In 2009, the Steering Committee was composed of representatives of the European Commission and the five EU Member States which co-funded the ERD initiative (Finland, Luxembourg, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom).
The Report's main authors at the European University Institute (EUI) employed a process that was participatory, consultative and peer-reviewed. The Report primarily relied on existing literature, but original research was commissioned from specialised institutes and universities. Each consultation activity built on background and issues papers which drew on both existing and new research.
These research papers were validated and discussed during a series of consultative activities (research workshops and conferences) as input to the final Report. Peer consultations of this kind helped ensure a transparent and participatory authorship process involving all the main stakeholders in Africa and Europe.
Brussels, 6 February 2009.
On 6 February 2009, researchers and policy-makers – both from Europe and Africa – gathered in Brussels to discuss how research could help overcome the challenges posed by fragility in developing countries, with a particular focus on Africa. Workshop papers:
Cambridge, 17-18 March 2009.
The workshop 'Food crises and the development potential of the agricultural and commodity sector in fragile countries' was organised by the European University Institute (EUI) in Cambridge, UK, on 17-18 March. Workshop papers:
- Globalisation, structural adjustment and African agriculture Author(s): Deborah Bryceson, Shailaja Fennell, Prabirjit Sarkar, Ajit Singh
- Fragile states, commodity booms and export performance - an analysis of the Sub-Saharan African case Author(s): Andrew Mold, Annalisa Prizzon
Florence, 16-17 April 2009.
The workshop 'Transforming political structures: security, institutions, and regional integration mechanisms' was held in Florence, Italy, during 16-17 April. Workshop papers:
- Multi-level governance and security - The security sector reform process in the Central African Republic Author(s): Niagalé Bagayoko-Penone
- State fragility, the peacebuilder's contract, and the search for the least bad state Author(s): Michael Barnett
- Desperately seeking policy coherence - Aid and security in the development policy of the European Union Author(s): Maurizio Carbone
- Trade regionalisation and openness in Africa Author(s): Seth Kaplan
- State-society relations and intangible dimensions of state resilience and state building - A bottom-up perspective Author(s): Béatrice Pouligny
- State-building for peace - A new paradigm for international engagement in post-conflict fragile states? Author(s): Alina Rocha Menocal
- The security-politics-development nexus Author(s): Necla Tschirgi
Barcelona, 7-8 May 2009.
The conference held in Barcelona on 7-8 May 2009 focused on 'The challenges of fragility to development policy'. Workshop papers:
- Fragility and MDG process - How useful is the fragility concept? Author(s): Kenneth Harttgen - Stephen Klasen
- State fragility and economic vulnerability - what is measured and why? Author(s): Patrick Guillaumont, Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney
- Political instrumentalisation of Islam, persistent autocracies, and obscurantist deadlock Author(s): Jean-Philippe Platteau
- The political economy of fragile states and implications for European development policy Author(s): Paul Collier
- State weakness in the Mediterranean and Sub-Saharan African Countries - A statistical analysis Author(s): José María Larrú
Accra, 21-23 May 2009.
This conference, held on 21-23 May 2009 in Accra, Ghana, focused on 'Financial markets, adverse shocks and policy responses in fragile countries'. Workshop papers:
- The vulnerability of Sub-Saharan Africa to the financial crisis Author(s): Nicolas Berman, Philippe Martin
- Why is the financial sector in Burundi not development-oriented Author(s): Janvier D. Nkurunziza
- EU policies and African human capital development Author(s): Yaw Nyarko
- Adverse shocks and social protection in Africa Author(s): Abena D. Oduro
- Natural resources and state fragility Author(s): Paul Collier, Anthony J. Venables
- Gender responsive budgeting Author(s): Zohra Khan
Florence, 21-23 June 2009.
The first draft of the report was presented at the final preparatory event – 'Moving towards the European Report on Development 2009' – which took place in Florence on 22-23 June 2009. Workshop papers:
- Fragile countries and the current economic crisis Author(s): Franklin Allen, Giorgia Giovannetti
- The fragile consensus on fragility Author(s): Simone Bertoli, Elisa Ticci
- EU policies to address fragility in Sub-Saharan Africa Author(s): Fernanda Faria, Andrew Sherriff
- State fragility and African agriculture Author(s): Shailaja Fennell
- African financial markets - A spillover analysis of shocks Author(s): Giorgia Giovannetti, Margherita Velucchi
- Enhancing resilience in fragile states Author(s): Lelio Iapadre, Francesca Luchetti
- Africa and the global economic crisis - a risk assessment and action guide Author(s): Wim Naudé
- Fragility and conflicts Author(s): Marta Reynal-Querol
- Coping with insecurity in fragile situations Author(s): Pascal Vennesson, Christian Büger
- Regional integration, fragility and institution building Author(s): Thierry Verdier
- Gender and fragility: policy responses Author(s): Wendy Harcourt
Brussels, 4 September 2009.
The conference on the consolidated draft report was held in Brussels on 4 September 2009. Workshop papers: