The EU works with the United Nations and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on issues related to development cooperation.
Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union states that the Union ‘shall promote multilateral solutions to common problems, in particular in the framework of the United Nations’. The United Nations are central to EU’s development work, both for setting norms and establishing policy consensus on development and as major development partner with which the EU actively cooperates.
- promotes coordinated EU positions on development-related issues in the UN, in particular contributing to the work of the UN General Assembly and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), its relevant subsidiary bodies and commissions, including the Development Cooperation Forum and the High Level Political Forum on sustainable development.
- promotes credible outcomes and effective follow-up and implementation of major UN conferences and high level meetings or dialogues that have an impact on EU policies, notably development policy.
- promotes relations with UN agencies, funds and programmes, including through the establishment and follow-up of strategic partnership frameworks and contributes actively to main UN Secretary General led initiatives, such as Sustainable Energy for All, Global Education First initiative, Zero Hunger Challenge and Scaling Up Nutrition Movement.
- In 2013 and 2014 a special attention is given to the elaboration of the UN post-2015 development agenda, including the follow-up of the Millenium Development Goals (MDG) Special Event, the Rio+20 Conference related processes concerning Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and sustainable development financing and the start of negotiations leading to the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda. An active role will also be provided to the preparation of the Third International Conference on the Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) and the follow-up meetings of the Conferences on Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDC) and on Least Developed Countries (LDC), of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), as well as the follow-up of other UN high level meetings on specific thematic issues (migration, disabilities, etc.). Moreover, a review of the Strategic Partnership between the EU and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) will be carried out in 2014. Finally, the EU will pursue its active involvement and participation in the UN Secretary General led initiatives, related to energy, education, food security and nutrition.
- 2016 is the 50th anniversary of the UNDP, examples of great achievements of the EU and UNDP's joint work have been highlighted in the infographic about the EU-UNDP cooperation in Eastern Europe and Central Asia and about the Kapuscinski Development Lectures.
The EU enjoys a special status (the so-called "enhanced observership") in the OECD and is a full member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the main body through which the OECD deals with development cooperation issues.
- is strongly committed to the exchange of best practice and mutual learning within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and in particular in the framework of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC).
- encourages the engagement of the DAC with Official Development Assistance (ODA) providers that are not DAC members.