The International Dialogue for Peacebuilding and Statebuilding (IDPS) and the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States
The IDPS is a tri-partite partnership set up in 2008 between members of the OECD/DAC's International Network on Conflict and Fragility (INCAF), and countries which self-identified as being affected by fragility and conflict or in transition situations (the currently 20 members of the G7+). It was later enlarged with members of the Civil Society Platform for Peacebuilding and Statebuilding (CSPPS). The IDPS is unique because it is the only international multi-constituency platform for peacebuilding and statebuilding.
The New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States (New Deal) was drafted and negotiated by the International Dialogue for Peacebuilding and Statebuilding (IDPS) and endorsed by over 40 countries and organisations, including the EU at the 2011 High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Busan, Korea. It was reconfirmed and renewed in Stockholm in April 2016, making the clear connection to Agenda 2030.
EU-UN partnership on Conflict Prevention
The EU and the UN have established a partnership on conflict prevention, which involves annual dialogues. Their main goal is to raise conflict prevention up the political agenda and to strengthen common strategic approaches to conflict prevention.
For the UN, conflict prevention is "not merely a priority, but the priority" according to a Security Council open debate on 10 January 2017, and the new UN Secretary-General’s agenda. For the EU, the Lisbon Treaty establishes the aim to preserve peace, prevent conflict and strengthen international security as a core aim of the EU's external action within the context of multilateralism. With the inclusion of Sustainable Development Goal 16 on peaceful, just and inclusive societies and peace as one of the pillars in the new European Consensus for Development the importance of this partnership for international cooperation and development has also increased.
World Humanitarian Summit 2016
The World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) in 2016 was called by UN Secretary General (UNSG) Ban Ki-moon in view of unprecedented humanitarian needs (about 125 million people in need of humanitarian assistance), with multiple protracted crises and long-term displacement and a growing financing gap. Two key reports set the scene for the Summit:
- Report by UNSG Ban Ki-moon, which contains an (Action) Agenda for Humanity highlighting five "core responsibilities": 1) global leadership to prevent and end conflicts; 2) uphold the norms that safeguard humanity; 3) leave no one behind – address forced displacement; 4) change people's lives – from delivering aid to ending need; and 5) invest in humanity.
- Report by the High-level Panel on Humanitarian Financing (co-chaired by Vice-President of the European Commission, Ms Georgieva) proposing to a) shrink the needs, b) broaden and deepen the resource base for humanitarian action and c) increase the efficiency and effectiveness of humanitarian financing (Grand Bargain)
Key Summit outcomes:
- Chair's summary
- Grand Bargain: agreement between the main humanitarian donors and the main implementing agencies on measures to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the humanitarian system. The Grand Bargain includes a joint commitment to channel 25% of humanitarian financing through local responders by 2020 (in order to build local capacity and resilience).
- Compilation of specific commitments announced by Summit participants. The EU committed to 100 actions.
There were calls and commitments to take early action to prevent crises from deteriorating and to take political leadership in mediation, peaceful resolution and conflict prevention.
Furthermore, a number of specific initiatives were launched at the WHS such as:
- Adoption of new guidelines on protection of civilians,
- Signing the Grand Bargain on Humanitarian Financing,
- Funding for the Education Cannot Wait initiative,
- Adoption of a new policy on forced displacement,
- Signing up to the Charter on Persons with Disabilities in Humanitarian Action, and
- Signing the Urban Crises Charter.
The EU also signed the Political Communique, which was supported by over 70 countries. Like the EU, other countries and organisations made commitments for a better functioning humanitarian system.
In March 2017 the EU published its first self-report to the commitments made during the WHS. The report is accessible via the following link.
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The EC - World Bank Group Deep Dive and framework for collaboration in situations affected by fragility, conflict and violence (FCV)
The European Commission (EC) and the World Bank Group (WBG) announced on 14 June 2016 their commitment to strengthen joint action on sustaining peace and increase development impact in situations affected by fragility, conflict and violence (FCV). A joint declaration was adopted.
Two high level Joint flagship events have been organised in Washington on Overcoming Fragility: Why Jobs are key (October 2016) and on Financing for Peace: Innovations to tackle fragility (April 2017).
Joint Declaration on Post-Crisis Assessment and Recovery Planning (with United Nations and the World Bank)
In 2008 the EU, the World Bank and the United Nations signed a joint declaration committing themselves to collaborate and develop a common approach to post-conflict and post-disaster needs assessment and recovery planning. The declaration formally commits the partners to work together on planning and implementing support to countries affected by conflict and disasters.
The European Commission, the United Nations Development Group and the World Bank seek to mobilize the three institutions and their resources to harmonize and coordinate post-crisis response frameworks to enhance country resilience to crises, by answering recovery needs of vulnerable populations and strengthening the capacity of national institutions for effective prevention, response and recovery.
World Reconstruction Conference (WRC)
The World Reconstruction Conference (WRC) is held every three years with the World Bank hosted Global Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction (GFDRR) as main promotor, and the UN as a third partner, alongside the EU.
The first and second WRCs were held in May 2011 and September 2014 and brought together over 500 experts and practitioners to share their best practices and lessons on recovery and explore the nexus between resilient recovery efforts and sustainable poverty reduction.
More than 800 participants from civil society, national and local governments, academia, the private sector and international organisations from around the world gathered in Brussels from 6-8 June 2017 for the Third Edition of the World Reconstruction Conference (WRC3). They addressed the role of post-crisis recovery and reconstruction for resilience building and disaster risk reduction and shared experience with a view to advance the implementation of the 2015 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. The conference was jointly organised by the European Commission, the GFDRR, the UNDP and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP).
The WRC3 took place against the backdrop of a continuing rise in the number of people affected by disasters around the world. From 2012 to 2014, close to 1 000 disasters impacted more than 326 million people across the globe. The cost of physical damage caused by these events is also rising, from an estimated EUR 18 billion on average per year in the 1990s to about EUR 90 billion per year in the first decade of this century. Today, physical damages and economic losses together range from EUR 220 to 270 billion per year. As climate change, urbanization and migration accelerate, the need for recovery will continue on an upward trajectory. Despite ongoing and expanding efforts to minimize hazard impacts through disaster risk reduction, the recovery function remains relevant and necessary.
The WRC3 hosted 29 sessions organised around four main themes – 1) Recovery interventions; 2) Recovery in conflict and fragile situations; 3) Recovery preparedness; and 4) Leveraging political consensus on Sendai Priority 4. It also included special sessions on Nepal and Somalia. Participants aimed to identify effective and forward-looking approaches to achieve resilient post-crisis recovery in which climate and disaster risk reduction, fragility and conflict considerations are mainstreamed.
- Joint Press Release - World Reconstruction Conference 3, 8th June 2017